Oracle 12.2 创建分离Jobs

分离job必须指向一个程序对象,程序对象的分离属性设置为true。下面的盒子是在Linux和系统上创建一个夜间job来对数据库执行备份。

1.创建一个脚本来调用RMAN备份脚本,脚本名为$ORACLE_HOME/scripts/backup.sh

[oracle@sjjh scripts]$ vi backup.sh
export ORACLE_HOME=/home/app/oracle/product/11.2.0
export ORACLE_SID=sjjh
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/lib
$ORACLE_HOME/bin/rman TARGET / @$ORACLE_HOME/scripts/backup.rman
trace /home/app/oracle/backup/backup.out &
exit 0

2.创建rman备份脚本,脚本名为$ORACLE_HOME/scripts/backup.rman

[oracle@sjjh scripts]$ vi backup.rman
run{
# Perform full database backup
backup full format "/home/app/oracle/backup/%d_FULL_%U" (database) ;
# Open database after backup
alter database open;
# Call notification routine to indicate job completed successfully
sql " BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER.END_DETACHED_JOB_RUN(''sys.backup_job'', 0,
null); END; ";
}

3.创建job并使用分离程序对象

[oracle@sjjh scripts]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Thu Jul 13 11:13:44 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> BEGIN
  2   DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_PROGRAM(
  3    program_name => 'sys.backup_program',
  4    program_type => 'executable',
  5    program_action => '/home/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/scripts/coldbackup.sh',
  6    enabled => TRUE);
  7
  8   DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE('sys.backup_program', 'detached', TRUE);
  9   DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB(
 10    job_name => 'sys.backup_job',
 11    program_name => 'sys.backup_program',
 12    repeat_interval => 'FREQ=DAILY;BYHOUR=1;BYMINUTE=0');
 13
 14   DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE('sys.backup_job');
 15  END;
 16  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.


Oracle 12.2 使用联机重定义对表进行多处改变

下面的例子将演示如何使用联机重定义操作来对表进行多处改变,原始表jy.original的创建语句如下:

SQL> create table jy.original(
  2  col1 number primary key,
  3  col2 varchar2(10),
  4  col3 clob,
  5  col4 date)
  6  organization index;

Table created.

表jy.original将按以下规则进行重定义:
.表启用高级行压缩方法进行压缩
.LOB列将被改变为SecureFiles LOB存储
.表的存储表空间将由test改变为example,并且表的块大小由8KB改变为 16KB。
.表将基于col1列进行分区
.将增加列col5
.列col2将被删除
.列col3与col4会被重命名,并且它们的位置会发生改变
.列col3的数据类型将从date改变为timestamp
.表将由索引组织表改变为堆表
.表的碎片将会被整理

为了演示碎片整理,使用下面的语句来向表加载数据:

SQL> declare
  2  v_clob clob;
  3  begin
  4   for i in 0..999 loop
  5    v_clob := null;
  6    for j in 1..1000 loop
  7     v_clob := v_clob||to_char(i,'0000');
  8    end loop;
  9    insert into jy.original values(i,to_char(i),v_clob,sysdate+i);
 10    commit;
 11   end loop;
 12   commit;
 13  end;
 14  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

执行下面的语句来使用表被碎片化

SQL> delete from jy.original where (col1/3) <> trunc(col1/3);

666 rows deleted.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.
SQL> set serveroutput on;
SQL> declare
  2      l_fs1_bytes number;
  3      l_fs2_bytes number;
  4      l_fs3_bytes number;
  5      l_fs4_bytes number;
  6      l_fs1_blocks number;
  7      l_fs2_blocks number;
  8      l_fs3_blocks number;
  9      l_fs4_blocks number;
 10      l_full_bytes number;
 11      l_full_blocks number;
 12      l_unformatted_bytes number;
 13      l_unformatted_blocks number;
 14  begin
 15      dbms_space.space_usage(
 16           segment_owner      => 'JY',
 17           segment_name       => 'ORIGINAL',
 18           segment_type       => 'TABLE',
 19           fs1_bytes          => l_fs1_bytes,
 20           fs1_blocks         => l_fs1_blocks,
 21           fs2_bytes          => l_fs2_bytes,
 22           fs2_blocks         => l_fs2_blocks,
 23           fs3_bytes          => l_fs3_bytes,
 24           fs3_blocks         => l_fs3_blocks,
 25           fs4_bytes          => l_fs4_bytes,
 26           fs4_blocks         => l_fs4_blocks,
 27           full_bytes         => l_full_bytes,
 28           full_blocks        => l_full_blocks,
 29           unformatted_blocks => l_unformatted_blocks,
 30           unformatted_bytes  => l_unformatted_bytes
 31            );
 32
 33        dbms_output.put_line('0-25% free = '||l_fs1_blocks||' and bytes = '||l_fs1_bytes);
 34        dbms_output.put_line('25-50% free = '||l_fs2_blocks||' and bytes = '||l_fs2_bytes);
 35        dbms_output.put_line('50-75% free = '||l_fs3_blocks||' and bytes = '||l_fs3_bytes);
 36        dbms_output.put_line('75-100% free = '||l_fs4_blocks||' and bytes = '||l_fs4_bytes);
 37        dbms_output.put_line(' full blocks = '||l_full_blocks||' and bytes = '||l_full_bytes);
 38  end;
 39  /
0-25% free = 0 and bytes = 0
25-50% free = 3 and bytes = 24576
50-75% free = 0 and bytes = 0
75-100% free = 0 and bytes = 0
full blocks = 10 and bytes = 81920

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

1.用要执行联机重定义操作的用户登录数据库

SQL> conn jy/jy@jypdb
Connected.

2.验证原始表是否可以执行联机重定义

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.can_redef_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  tname => 'original',
  5  options_flag => dbms_redefinition.cons_use_pk);
  6  end;
  7  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

3.创建中间表jy.int_original

SQL> create table jy.int_original(
  2  col1 number,
  3  col3 timestamp,
  4  col4 clob,
  5  col5 varchar2(3))
  6  lob(col4) store as securefile (nocache filesystem_like_logging)
  7  partition by range (col1) (
  8  partition par1 values less than (333),
  9  partition par2 values less than (666),
 10  partition par3 values less than (maxvalue))
 11  tablespace example
 12  row store compress advanced;

Table created.

4.开始联机重定义操作

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.start_redef_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  orig_table => 'original',
  5  int_table => 'int_original',
  6  col_mapping => 'col1 col1, to_timestamp(col4) col3, col3 col4',
  7  options_flag => dbms_redefinition.cons_use_pk);
  8  end;
  9  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

5.复制依赖对象

SQL> declare
  2  num_errors pls_integer;
  3  begin
  4  dbms_redefinition.copy_table_dependents(
  5  uname => 'jy',
  6  orig_table => 'original',
  7  int_table => 'int_original',
  8  copy_indexes => dbms_redefinition.cons_orig_params,
  9  copy_triggers => true,
 10  copy_constraints => true,
 11  copy_privileges => true,
 12  ignore_errors => true,
 13  num_errors => num_errors);
 14  end;
 15  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

6.可选操作同步中间表

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.sync_interim_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  orig_table => 'original',
  5  int_table => 'int_original');
  6  end;
  7  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

7.完成联机重定义操作

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.finish_redef_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  orig_table => 'original',
  5  int_table => 'int_original');
  6  end;
  7  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

Oracle 12.2 联机重定义使用VPD策略的表并修改表的列名

下面的例子将演示联机重定义使用VPD策略的表,并修改表中的一个列名,原始表jy.orders的创建语句如下:

SQL> create table jy.orders(
  2  order_id number(12) primary key,
  3  order_date timestamp with local time zone constraint order_date_nn not null,
  4  order_mode varchar2(8),
  5  customer_id number(6) constraint order_customer_id_nn not null,
  6  order_status number(2),
  7  order_total number(8,2),
  8  sales_rep_id number(6),
  9  promotion_id number(6),
 10  constraint order_mode_lov
 11  check (order_mode in ('direct','online')),
 12  constraint order_total_min
 13  check (order_total >= 0));

Table created.

创建下面的jy.auth_orders函数来创建VPD策略

SQL> create or replace function jy.auth_orders(
  2  schema_var in varchar2,
  3  table_var in varchar2
  4  )
  5  return varchar2
  6  as
  7  return_val varchar2 (400);
  8  unm varchar2(30);
  9  begin
 10  select user into unm from dual;
 11  if (unm = 'jy') then
 12  return_val := null;
 13  else
 14  return_val := 'sales_rep_id = 159';
 15  end if;
 16  return return_val;
 17  end auth_orders;
 18  /

Function created.

下面执行dbms_rls.add_policy过程来使用jy.auth_orders函数来给原始表jy.orders指定VPD策略:

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_rls.add_policy(
  3  object_schema => 'jy',
  4  object_name => 'orders',
  5  policy_name => 'orders_policy',
  6  function_schema => 'jy',
  7  policy_function => 'auth_orders');
  8  end;
  9  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

在这个例子中,被重定义后表中的sales_rep_id列被修改为sale_pid。当在执行重定义过程如可修改一个或多个列或列的数据类型,那么在start_refef_table过程中对于copy_vpd_opt参数必须指定dbms_redefinition.cons_vpd_manual。

1.用要执行联机重定义操作的用户登录数据库

SQL> conn jy/jy@jypdb
Connected.

2.验证原始表是否可以执行联机重定义

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.can_redef_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  tname => 'orders',
  5  options_flag => DBMS_REDEFINITION.CONS_USE_PK);
  6  end;
  7  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

3.创建中间表

SQL> create table jy.int_orders(
  2  order_id number(12),
  3  order_date timestamp with local time zone,
  4  order_mode varchar2(8),
  5  customer_id number(6),
  6  order_status number(2),
  7  order_total number(8,2),
  8  sales_pid number(6),
  9  promotion_id number(6));

Table created.

注意,在中间表中sales_rep_id列被修改为sales_pid。

4.开始联机重定义操作

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.start_redef_table (
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  orig_table => 'orders',
  5  int_table => 'int_orders',
  6  col_mapping => 'order_id order_id, order_date order_date, order_mode
  7  order_mode, customer_id customer_id, order_status
  8  order_status, order_total order_total, sales_rep_id
  9  sales_pid, promotion_id promotion_id',
 10  options_flag => dbms_redefinition.cons_use_pk,
 11  orderby_cols => null,
 12  part_name => null,
 13  copy_vpd_opt => dbms_redefinition.cons_vpd_manual);
 14  end;
 15  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

因为原始表与中间表存在不同的列名,那么copy_vpd_opt参数必须设置为dbms_redefinition.cons_vpd_manual。

5.对中间表创建VPD策略
5.1创建一个名为jy.auth_orders_sales_pid的函数来创建VPD策略,这里使用sales_pid列来代替sales_rep_id列。

SQL> create or replace function jy.auth_orders_sales_pid(
  2  schema_var in varchar2,
  3  table_var in varchar2
  4  )
  5  return varchar2
  6  as
  7  return_val varchar2 (400);
  8  unm varchar2(30);
  9  begin
 10  select user into unm from dual;
 11  if (unm = 'jy') then
 12  return_val := null;
 13  else
 14  return_val := 'sales_pid = 159';
 15  end if;
 16  return return_val;
 17  end auth_orders_sales_pid;
 18  /

Function created.

5.2执行dbms_rls.add_policy过程来使用jy.auth_orders_sales_pid函数来为中间表增加VPD策略

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_rls.add_policy (
  3  object_schema => 'jy',
  4  object_name => 'int_orders',
  5  policy_name => 'orders_policy',
  6  function_schema => 'jy',
  7  policy_function => 'auth_orders_sales_pid');
  8  end;
  9  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

6.复制依赖对象

SQL> declare
  2  num_errors pls_integer;
  3  begin
  4  dbms_redefinition.copy_table_dependents(
  5  uname => 'jy',
  6  orig_table => 'orders',
  7  int_table => 'int_orders',
  8  copy_indexes => dbms_redefinition.cons_orig_params,
  9  copy_triggers => true,
 10  copy_constraints => true,
 11  copy_privileges => true,
 12  ignore_errors => true,
 13  num_errors => num_errors);
 14  end;
 15  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

注意在这里ignore_errors参数被设置为true。原因是因为原始表对于列sales_rep_id存在索引与约束,并且在中间表中列被修改为sales_pid。

7.查询dba_redefinition_errors视图来检查是否存在错误

SQL> set long 8000
SQL> set pages 8000
SQL> column object_name heading 'object name' format a20
SQL> column base_table_name heading 'base table name' format a10
SQL> column ddl_txt heading 'ddl that caused error' format a40
SQL> select object_name, base_table_name, ddl_txt from dba_redefinition_errors;

no rows selected

8.可选操作同中间表

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.sync_interim_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  orig_table => 'orders',
  5  int_table => 'int_orders');
  6  end;
  7  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

9.完成联机重定义操作

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.finish_redef_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  orig_table => 'orders',
  5  int_table => 'int_orders');
  6  end;
  7  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> desc jy.orders
Name         Type                              Nullable Default Comments
------------ --------------------------------- -------- ------- --------
ORDER_ID     NUMBER(12)
ORDER_DATE   TIMESTAMP(6) WITH LOCAL TIME ZONE
ORDER_MODE   VARCHAR2(8)                       Y
CUSTOMER_ID  NUMBER(6)
ORDER_STATUS NUMBER(2)                         Y
ORDER_TOTAL  NUMBER(8,2)                       Y
SALES_PID    NUMBER(6)                         Y
PROMOTION_ID NUMBER(6)                         Y

10.等待任何查询中间表的语句执行完成后将其删除

SQL> drop table jy.int_orders;
Table dropped

到此重定义操作就完成了。

Oracle 12.2 联机重定义使用VPD策略的表并不修改表的任何列

下面的例子将演示如何联机重定义使用VPD策略的表。这个例将禁用所有的触发器而不修改表的列名或数据类型。原始表jy.employees的创建语句如下:

SQL> create table jy.employees(
  2  employee_id number(6) primary key,
  3  first_name varchar2(20),
  4  last_name varchar2(25)
  5  constraint emp_last_name_nn not null,
  6  email varchar2(25) constraint emp_email_nn not null,
  7  phone_number varchar2(20),
  8  hire_date date constraint emp_hire_date_nn not null,
  9  job_id varchar2(10) constraint emp_job_nn not null,
 10  salary number(8,2),
 11  commission_pct number(2,2),
 12  manager_id number(6),
 13  department_id number(4),
 14  constraint emp_salary_min check (salary > 0),
 15  constraint emp_email_uk unique (email)
 16  );

Table created.

使用下面的jy.auth_emp_dep_100函数来创建VPD策略

SQL> create or replace function jy.auth_emp_dep_100(
  2   schema_var in varchar2,
  3   table_var in varchar2
  4  )
  5  return varchar2
  6  as
  7   return_val varchar2 (400);
  8   unm varchar2(30);
  9   begin
 10    select user into unm from dual;
 11    if (unm = 'jy') then
 12     return_val := null;
 13    else
 14     return_val := 'department_id = 100';
 15    end if;
 16    return return_val;
 17   end auth_emp_dep_100;
 18  /

Function created.

执行dbms_rls_add_policy过程来对原始表jy.employees表使用jy.auth_emp_dep_100函数来指定VPD策略

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_rls.add_policy(
  3    object_schema => 'jy',
  4    object_name => 'employees',
  5    policy_name => 'employees_policy',
  6    function_schema => 'jy',
  7    policy_function => 'auth_emp_dep_100');
  8  end;
  9  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

在这个例子中,表jy.employees表重定义后将会禁用所有的触发器。注意重定义将不会修改列名或数据类型。因此在执行start_refef_table过程时copy_vpd_opt参数设置为dbms_redefinition.cons_vpd_auto。

1.用要执行联机重定义操作的用户登录数据库

SQL> conn jy/jy@jypdb
Connected.

2.验证原始表是否可以执行联机重定义

SQL> begin
  2   dbms_redefinition.can_redef_table('hr','employees',DBMS_REDEFINITION.CONS_USE_PK);
  3  end;
  4  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

3.创建中间表jy.int_employees

SQL> create table jy.int_employees(
  2   employee_id number(6),
  3   first_name varchar2(20),
  4   last_name varchar2(25),
  5   email varchar2(25),
  6   phone_number varchar2(20),
  7   hire_date date,
  8   job_id varchar2(10),
  9   salary number(8,2),
 10   commission_pct number(2,2),
 11   manager_id number(6),
 12   department_id number(4));

Table created.

4.开始联机重定义操作

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.start_redef_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  orig_table => 'employees',
  5  int_table => 'int_employees',
  6  col_mapping => NULL,
  7  options_flag => DBMS_REDEFINITION.CONS_USE_PK,
  8  orderby_cols => NULL,
  9  part_name => NULL,
 10  copy_vpd_opt => DBMS_REDEFINITION.CONS_VPD_AUTO);
 11  end;
 12  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

当copy_vpd_opt参数被设置为dbms_redefinition.cons_vpd_auto时,只有表的所有者与调用联机重定义操作的用户可以在联机重定义期间访问该表。col_mapping参数设置为NULL。当copy_vpd_opt参数设置为dbms_redefinition.cons_vpd_auto时,col_mapping参数必须设置为NULL或***217;****217;。

5.复制依赖对象

SQL> declare
  2  num_errors pls_integer;
  3  begin
  4  dbms_redefinition.copy_table_dependents(
  5  uname => 'jy',
  6  orig_table => 'employees',
  7  int_table => 'int_employees',
  8  copy_indexes => DBMS_REDEFINITION.CONS_ORIG_PARAMS,
  9  copy_triggers => TRUE,
 10  copy_constraints => TRUE,
 11  copy_privileges => TRUE,
 12  ignore_errors => FALSE,
 13  num_errors => num_errors);
 14  end;
 15  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

6.对中间表禁用所有的触发器

SQL> alter table jy.int_employees disable all triggers;

Table altered.

7.可选操作同步中间表

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.sync_interim_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  orig_table => 'employees',
  5  int_table => 'int_employees');
  6  end;
  7  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

8.完成联机重定义操作

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.finish_redef_table(
  3  uname => 'jy',
  4  orig_table => 'employees',
  5  int_table => 'int_employees');
  6  end;
  7  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

9.等待任何查询中间表的语句执行完成后将其删除

SQL> drop table jy.int_employees;
Table dropped

到此重定义操作就完成了。

Oracle 12.2 联机重定义多个分区并将其移动到不同的表空间中

下面的例子将演示如何联机重定义多个分区并将基于范围分区的表salestable的两个分区移动到新表空间中。原始表jy.salestable的创建如下:

SQL> create table jy.salestable
  2  (s_productid number,
  3  s_saledate date,
  4  s_custid number,
  5  s_totalprice number)
  6  tablespace users
  7  partition by range(s_saledate)
  8  (partition sal10q1 values less than (to_date('01-apr-2010', 'dd-mon-yyyy')),
  9  partition sal10q2 values less than (to_date('01-jul-2010', 'dd-mon-yyyy')),
 10  partition sal10q3 values less than (to_date('01-oct-2010', 'dd-mon-yyyy')),
 11  partition sal10q4 values less than (to_date('01-jan-2011', 'dd-mon-yyyy')));

Table created.

这个例子会将分区sal10q1与sal10q2移动到example表空间中。sal10q3与sal10q4分区不会被移动。为了移动分区表空间example必须存在。这里已经先创建好了表空间example。对原始表jy.salestable创建一个本地分区索引,操作如下:

SQL> create index jy.sales_index on jy.salestable (s_saledate, s_productid, s_custid) local;

Index created.

注意,在12.2中也可以执行alter table ***230; move partition ***230; online语句来将分区移动到其它表空间中。

联机重定义操作如下:
1.用要执行联机重定义操作的用户登录数据库

SQL> conn jy/jy@jypdb
Connected.

2.验证原始表jy.salestable是否可以执行联机重定义

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.can_redef_table(
  3    uname => 'jy',
  4    tname => 'salestable',
  5    options_flag => DBMS_REDEFINITION.CONS_USE_ROWID,
  6    part_name => 'sal10q1, sal10q2');
  7  end;
  8  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

3.在新表空间example中创建中间表。因为这是对分区执行联机重定义,因此中间表不能是分区表。

SQL> create table jy.int_salestb1
  2  (s_productid number,
  3  s_saledate date,
  4  s_custid number,
  5  s_totalprice number)
  6  tablespace example;

Table created.

SQL> create table jy.int_salestb2
  2  (s_productid number,
  3  s_saledate date,
  4  s_custid number,
  5  s_totalprice number)
  6  tablespace example;

Table created.

4.使用rowid方法来执行重定义操作

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.start_redef_table(
  3    uname => 'jy',
  4    orig_table => 'salestable',
  5    int_table => 'int_salestb1, int_salestb2',
  6    col_mapping => NULL,
  7    options_flag => DBMS_REDEFINITION.CONS_USE_ROWID,
  8    part_name => 'sal10q1, sal10q2',
  9    continue_after_errors => TRUE);
 10  end;
 11  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

注意,part_name参数用来指定所有要重定义的分区,int_table参数用来指定每个分区所对应的中间表,continue_after_errors参数被设置为true,因此重定义操作即使当某个特定分区遇到错误也会继续执行。

5.在中间表上创建任何本地索引

SQL> create index jy.int_sales1_index on jy.int_salestb1
  2  (s_saledate, s_productid, s_custid)
  3  tablespace example;

Index created.

SQL> create index jy.int_sales2_index on jy.int_salestb2
  2  (s_saledate, s_productid, s_custid)
  3  tablespace example;

Index created.

6.可选操作同步中间表

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.sync_interim_table(
  3    uname => 'jy',
  4    orig_table => 'salestable',
  5    int_table => 'int_salestb1, int_salestb2',
  6    part_name => 'sal10q1, sal10q2',
  7    continue_after_errors => TRUE);
  8  end;
  9  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

7.完成重定义操作

SQL> begin
  2  dbms_redefinition.finish_redef_table(
  3    uname => 'jy',
  4    orig_table => 'salestable',
  5    int_table => 'int_salestb1, int_salestb2',
  6    part_name => 'sal10q1, sal10q2',
  7    continue_after_errors => TRUE);
  8  end;
  9  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

8.可选操作,查询dba_redefinition_status视图来确保对每个分区都重定义操作成功

SQL> select base_table_owner, base_table_name, operation, status from dba_redefinition_status;

no rows selected

如果有任何分区重定义失败,视图dba_redefinition_errors会显示出错误原因,修正故障重新执行联机重定义操作。

下面的查询显示了表jy.salestable有两个分区已经移动到了新的表空间example中了

SQL> select partition_name, tablespace_name from dba_tab_partitions where table_name = 'SALESTABLE' and table_owner='JY';
PARTITION_NAME                                                                   TABLESPACE_NAME
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------
SAL10Q1                                                                          EXAMPLE
SAL10Q2                                                                          EXAMPLE
SAL10Q3                                                                          USERS
SAL10Q4                                                                          USERS

到此联机重定义操作完成

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