Linux使用源码来安装MySQL 5.7

Linux使用源码安装MySQL
有两种方法来使用源码安装MySQL:
.使用一种标准的MySQL源码安装。标准的可用源码文件被压缩成tar文件,zip文件或RPM包。文件名的格式为mysql-version.tar.gz,mysql-version.zip或mysql-version.rpm。其中version是版本号比例如5.7.25。发布的源码文件名与预先编译好的二进制文件名是有区别的,源码文件名通常不包含平台名,而二进制文件名包含平台名,例如pc-linux-i686或winx64。

.使用MySQL开发树。如何构建开发树将在使用开发源码树来安装MySQL中进行介绍。

使用源码安装MySQL操作系统所要满足的条件
使用源码来安装MySQL需要几个开发工具。无论您使用的是标准的源代码分发版还是开发源代码树,都需要这些工具中的一部分。是否需要其它工具依赖于你的安装方法。

为了使用源码来安装MySQL,不管使用何种安装方法下面的要求必须要满足:
.CMake,用来在所有平台上构建框架,可以从http://www.cmake.org来下载CMake。

.一个好的make程序,虽然一些平台有它们自己的make实现,但强烈建议使用GNU make 3.75或更高版本。它可能已经存在于你的系统中了gmake。可以从http://www.gnu.org/software/make/下载GNU make。

.ANSI C++编译器。可以对force_unsupported_compiler的描述。

.为了构建MySQL需要Boost C++库(但不使用它)。Boost 1.59.0必须被安装。为了获得Boost与它的安装指令,可以访问https://www.boost.org/网址。在Boost安装后,当调用CMake时通过使用WITH_BOOST选项来告诉构建系统在哪里定位Boost文件。

shell>cmake . -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost_1_59_0

根据实际情况来调整路径。

.ncurses库 https://www.gnu.org/software/ncurses/ncurses.html

.足够的空闲内存。当编译很大的源文件时如果遇到了”internal compiler error”错误,那么可能是因为你没有足够的内存。如果在一个虚拟机上进行编译,尝试增加内存分配。

.如果你希望运行测试脚本那么就需要安装perl。大多数像Unix的系统已经包含了perl。在windows上可以使用ActiveState Perl。

为了使用标准的源码发布版本来安装MySQL,需要以下一种工具来解压发布的源码文件:
.对于一个.tar.gz的压缩tar文件,GNU gunzip可以用来解压tar用来unpack。如果你的tar程序支持z选项,它可以用来解压与 unpack文件。GNU tar众所周知是有效的。一些操作系统提供的标准tar不能对MySQL发布版本的长文件名进行unpack操作。你应该安装GUN tar或者可能的话,使用预安装版本的GNU tar。常用的有gnutar,gtar,tar或者自由软件目录,比如/usr/sfw/bin或/usr/local/bin。GNU tar可以从http://www.gnu.org/software/tar/进行下载。

.对于一个.zip归档文件,winzip或另外的工具可以读取.zip文件。

.对于一个.rpm的RPM包,rpmbuild程序用来对构建的发布版本进行unpack操作。

为了使用开发源码树来安装MySQL,需要安装以下额外的工具:
.需要Git版本控制系统来获得开发源代码。https://help.github.com/en提供了指令在不同平台上下载与安装Git。MySQL官方组织已经于2014年9月加入了GitHub。

.bison 2.1或更高版本,可以从http://www.gnu.org/software/bison/网址进行下载(1版本不再支持),尽可能的使用最新版本,如果你遇到了问题,那么升级到最新的版本,而不是回退到更早的版本。

bison可以从http://www.gnu.org/software/bison/网址进行下载,对于Windows平台可以从http://gnuwin32.sourceforge.net/packages/bison.htm网址进行下载。在Windows平台上,bison的缺省目录是C:\Program Files\GnuWin32目录。有一些工具可以在查找bison会失败,因为在目录名中存在空隔。同样,Visual Studio如果在路径中存在空隔可能会出现hang住。为了解决这种问题的出现,可以将bison安装到C:\GnuWin32目录。

.在Solaris平台上,除了bison之外m4必须被安装。m4可以从http://www.gnu.org/software/m4/网址下载。

注意在安装任何程序之后,需要修改你的PATH环境变量来包含定位程序的目录。

源码安装MySQL的布局
缺省情况下,当使用源码编译后安装MySQL,安装操作会将文件安装在/usr/local/mysql目录中。这与使用二进制文件安装的安装目录是一样的。

使用标准源码安装MySQL
1.安装所需要的工具包

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install gcc* gcc-c++ ncurses* ncurses-devel* cmake* bison* libgcrypt* perl* make*
.......
已安装:
  gcc-gnat.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                         gcc-objc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                        gcc-objc++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                    libgcrypt-devel.x86_64 0:1.5.3-14.el7
  ncurses-devel.x86_64 0:5.9-14.20130511.el7_4               ncurses-term.noarch 0:5.9-14.20130511.el7_4               perl-Algorithm-Diff.noarch 0:1.1902-17.el7              perl-App-cpanminus.noarch 0:1.6922-2.el7
  perl-Archive-Extract.noarch 1:0.68-3.el7                   perl-Archive-Zip.noarch 0:1.30-11.el7                     perl-Authen-SASL.noarch 0:2.15-10.el7                   perl-B-Lint.noarch 0:1.17-3.el7
  perl-Bit-Vector.x86_64 0:7.3-3.el7                         perl-CGI.noarch 0:3.63-4.el7                              perl-CGI-Session.noarch 0:4.35-16.el7                   perl-CPAN.noarch 0:1.9800-293.el7
  perl-CPAN-Meta.noarch 0:2.120921-5.el7                     perl-CPAN-Meta-Requirements.noarch 0:2.122-7.el7          perl-CPAN-Meta-YAML.noarch 0:0.008-14.el7               perl-CPANPLUS.noarch 0:0.91.38-4.el7
  perl-CPANPLUS-Dist-Build.noarch 0:0.70-3.el7               perl-Carp-Clan.noarch 0:6.04-10.el7                       perl-Class-ISA.noarch 0:0.36-1010.el7                   perl-Class-Load.noarch 0:0.20-3.el7
  perl-Class-Singleton.noarch 0:1.4-14.el7                   perl-Convert-ASN1.noarch 0:0.26-4.el7                     perl-DBD-MySQL.x86_64 0:4.023-6.0.1.el7                 perl-DBD-Pg.x86_64 0:2.19.3-4.el7
  perl-DBIx-Simple.noarch 0:1.35-7.el7                       perl-Data-OptList.noarch 0:0.107-9.el7                    perl-Date-Calc.noarch 0:6.3-14.el7                      perl-Date-Manip.noarch 0:6.41-2.el7
  perl-DateTime.x86_64 2:1.04-6.el7                          perl-DateTime-Format-DateParse.noarch 0:0.05-5.el7        perl-DateTime-Locale.noarch 0:0.45-6.el7                perl-DateTime-TimeZone.noarch 0:1.70-1.el7
  perl-Devel-Symdump.noarch 1:2.10-2.el7                     perl-Digest-SHA1.x86_64 0:2.13-9.el7                      perl-Env.noarch 0:1.04-2.el7                            perl-ExtUtils-CBuilder.noarch 1:0.28.2.6-293.el7
  perl-ExtUtils-Embed.noarch 0:1.30-293.el7                  perl-FCGI.x86_64 1:0.74-8.el7                             perl-File-CheckTree.noarch 0:4.42-3.el7                 perl-File-Fetch.noarch 0:0.42-2.el7
  perl-Font-AFM.noarch 0:1.20-13.el7                         perl-FreezeThaw.noarch 0:0.5001-10.el7                    perl-GD.x86_64 0:2.49-3.el7                             perl-GSSAPI.x86_64 0:0.28-9.el7
  perl-HTML-Format.noarch 0:2.10-7.el7                       perl-HTML-Tree.noarch 1:5.03-2.el7                        perl-IO-stringy.noarch 0:2.110-22.el7                   perl-IPC-Cmd.noarch 1:0.80-4.el7
  perl-JSON.noarch 0:2.59-2.el7                              perl-JSON-PP.noarch 0:2.27202-2.el7                       perl-LDAP.noarch 1:0.56-6.el7                           perl-LWP-Protocol-https.noarch 0:6.04-4.el7
  perl-List-MoreUtils.x86_64 0:0.33-9.el7                    perl-Locale-Codes.noarch 0:3.26-2.el7                     perl-Locale-Maketext.noarch 0:1.23-3.el7                perl-Locale-Maketext-Simple.noarch 1:0.21-293.el7
  perl-Log-Message.noarch 1:0.08-3.el7                       perl-Log-Message-Simple.noarch 0:0.10-2.el7               perl-Module-Build.noarch 2:0.40.05-2.el7                perl-Module-CoreList.noarch 1:2.76.02-293.el7
  perl-Module-Implementation.noarch 0:0.06-6.el7             perl-Module-Load.noarch 1:0.24-3.el7                      perl-Module-Load-Conditional.noarch 0:0.54-3.el7        perl-Module-Loaded.noarch 1:0.08-293.el7
  perl-Module-Metadata.noarch 0:1.000018-2.el7               perl-Module-Pluggable.noarch 1:4.8-3.el7                  perl-Module-Runtime.noarch 0:0.013-4.el7                perl-Module-Signature.noarch 0:0.73-2.el7
  perl-Mozilla-CA.noarch 0:20130114-5.el7                    perl-Newt.x86_64 0:1.08-36.el7                            perl-Object-Accessor.noarch 1:0.42-293.el7              perl-PAR-Dist.noarch 0:0.49-2.el7
  perl-Package-DeprecationManager.noarch 0:0.13-7.el7        perl-Package-Stash.noarch 0:0.34-2.el7                    perl-Package-Stash-XS.x86_64 0:0.26-3.el7               perl-Params-Check.noarch 1:0.38-2.el7
  perl-Params-Util.x86_64 0:1.07-6.el7                       perl-Params-Validate.x86_64 0:1.08-4.el7                  perl-Parse-CPAN-Meta.noarch 1:1.4404-5.el7              perl-Perl-OSType.noarch 0:1.003-3.el7
  perl-Perl4-CoreLibs.noarch 0:0.003-7.el7                   perl-Pod-Checker.noarch 0:1.60-2.el7                      perl-Pod-Coverage.noarch 0:0.23-3.el7                   perl-Pod-LaTeX.noarch 0:0.61-2.el7
  perl-Pod-Parser.noarch 0:1.61-2.el7                        perl-Pod-Plainer.noarch 0:1.03-4.el7                      perl-SGMLSpm.noarch 0:1.03ii-31.el7                     perl-SNMP_Session.noarch 0:1.13-5.el7
  perl-String-ShellQuote.noarch 0:1.04-10.el7                perl-Sub-Install.noarch 0:0.926-6.el7                     perl-Sys-CPU.x86_64 0:0.54-4.el7                        perl-Sys-Guestfs.x86_64 1:1.38.2-12.0.1.el7
  perl-Sys-MemInfo.x86_64 0:0.91-7.el7                       perl-Sys-Virt.x86_64 0:4.5.0-2.el7                        perl-Term-UI.noarch 0:0.36-2.el7                        perl-Test-Pod.noarch 0:1.48-3.el7
  perl-Test-Pod-Coverage.noarch 0:1.08-21.el7                perl-Test-Simple.noarch 0:0.98-243.el7                    perl-Text-Diff.noarch 0:1.41-5.el7                      perl-Text-Soundex.x86_64 0:3.04-4.el7
  perl-Text-Unidecode.noarch 0:0.04-20.el7                   perl-Time-Piece.x86_64 0:1.20.1-293.el7                   perl-Try-Tiny.noarch 0:0.12-2.el7                       perl-Version-Requirements.noarch 0:0.101022-244.el7
  perl-XML-Dumper.noarch 0:0.81-17.el7                       perl-XML-Filter-BufferText.noarch 0:1.01-17.el7           perl-XML-Grove.noarch 0:0.46alpha-52.el7                perl-XML-SAX-Writer.noarch 0:0.53-4.el7
  perl-XML-Twig.noarch 0:3.44-2.el7                          perl-XML-Writer.noarch 0:0.623-3.el7                      perl-XML-XPath.noarch 0:1.13-22.el7                     perl-YAML.noarch 0:0.84-5.el7
  perl-YAML-Tiny.noarch 0:1.51-6.el7                         perl-autodie.noarch 0:2.16-2.el7                          perl-core.x86_64 0:5.16.3-293.el7                       perl-gettext.x86_64 0:1.05-28.el7
  perl-homedir.noarch 0:1.008010-4.el7                       perl-libintl.x86_64 0:1.20-12.el7                         perl-libxml-perl.noarch 0:0.08-19.el7                   perl-local-lib.noarch 0:1.008010-4.el7
  perltidy.noarch 0:20121207-3.el7

作为依赖被安装:
  glusterfs-cli.x86_64 0:3.12.2-18.el7                                           glusterfs-client-xlators.x86_64 0:3.12.2-18.el7                              libgnat.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7
  libgnat-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                                        libgpg-error-devel.x86_64 0:1.12-3.el7                                       libobjc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7
  libvirt-bash-completion.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                                  libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-core.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                     libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-disk.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7
  libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-gluster.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                    libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-iscsi.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                    libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-logical.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7
  libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-mpath.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                      libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-rbd.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                      libvirt-daemon-driver-storage-scsi.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7
  libvirt-libs.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                                             openjade.x86_64 0:1.3.2-45.el7                                               opensp.x86_64 0:1.5.2-19.el7
  pcp-selinux.x86_64 0:4.1.0-4.el7                                               postgresql-libs.x86_64 0:9.2.24-1.el7_5                                      squashfs-tools.x86_64 0:4.3-0.21.gitaae0aff4.el7

更新完毕:
  bison.x86_64 0:3.0.4-2.el7                 gcc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                    gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                 gcc-gfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7           libgcrypt.x86_64 0:1.5.3-14.el7
  make.x86_64 1:3.82-23.el7                  ncurses.x86_64 0:5.9-14.20130511.el7_4           ncurses-base.noarch 0:5.9-14.20130511.el7_4       ncurses-libs.x86_64 0:5.9-14.20130511.el7_4      perl.x86_64 4:5.16.3-293.el7
  perl-Digest-SHA.x86_64 1:5.85-4.el7        perl-ExtUtils-Install.noarch 0:1.58-293.el7      perl-ExtUtils-ParseXS.noarch 1:3.18-3.el7         perl-Getopt-Long.noarch 0:2.40-3.el7             perl-Git.noarch 0:1.8.3.1-19.el7
  perl-HTTP-Daemon.noarch 0:6.01-8.el7       perl-IO-Socket-IP.noarch 0:0.21-5.el7            perl-IO-Socket-SSL.noarch 0:1.94-7.el7            perl-IO-Zlib.noarch 1:1.10-293.el7               perl-Net-DNS.x86_64 0:0.72-6.el7
  perl-Net-SSLeay.x86_64 0:1.55-6.el7        perl-PCP-PMDA.x86_64 0:4.1.0-4.el7               perl-Package-Constants.noarch 1:0.02-293.el7      perl-Pod-Escapes.noarch 1:1.04-293.el7           perl-Socket.x86_64 0:2.010-4.el7
  perl-Test-Harness.noarch 0:3.28-3.el7      perl-devel.x86_64 4:5.16.3-293.el7               perl-hivex.x86_64 0:1.3.10-6.9.el7                perl-libs.x86_64 4:5.16.3-293.el7                perl-macros.x86_64 4:5.16.3-293.el7
  perl-version.x86_64 3:0.99.07-3.el7

作为依赖被升级:
  cpp.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                              git.x86_64 0:1.8.3.1-19.el7                                 glusterfs.x86_64 0:3.12.2-18.el7                       glusterfs-api.x86_64 0:3.12.2-18.el7
  glusterfs-fuse.x86_64 0:3.12.2-18.el7                      glusterfs-libs.x86_64 0:3.12.2-18.el7                       glusterfs-rdma.x86_64 0:3.12.2-18.el7                  hivex.x86_64 0:1.3.10-6.9.el7
  libgcc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                           libgfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                       libgomp.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                      libguestfs.x86_64 1:1.38.2-12.0.1.el7
  libquadmath.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                      libquadmath-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                 libstdc++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7                    libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-36.0.1.el7
  libvirt.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                              libvirt-client.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                        libvirt-daemon.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                   libvirt-daemon-config-network.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7
  libvirt-daemon-config-nwfilter.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7       libvirt-daemon-driver-interface.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7       libvirt-daemon-driver-lxc.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7        libvirt-daemon-driver-network.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7
  libvirt-daemon-driver-nodedev.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7        libvirt-daemon-driver-nwfilter.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7        libvirt-daemon-driver-qemu.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7       libvirt-daemon-driver-secret.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7
  libvirt-daemon-driver-storage.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7        libvirt-daemon-kvm.x86_64 0:4.5.0-10.el7                    openssl.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.0.1.el7                     openssl-libs.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.0.1.el7
  pcp.x86_64 0:4.1.0-4.el7                                   pcp-conf.x86_64 0:4.1.0-4.el7                               pcp-libs.x86_64 0:4.1.0-4.el7                          python-pcp.x86_64 0:4.1.0-4.el7
  supermin5.x86_64 0:5.1.19-1.el7

完毕!

2.使用命令检查是否安装有MySQL Server包

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep mysql


[root@localhost ~]# rpm -aq | grep mysql
mysql-community-libs-5.6.23-3.el7.x86_64
qt-mysql-4.8.5-8.0.1.el7.x86_64
akonadi-mysql-1.9.2-4.0.1.el7.x86_64
mysql-community-common-5.6.23-3.el7.x86_64
mysql-community-server-5.6.23-3.el7.x86_64
mysql-community-client-5.6.23-3.el7.x86_64

删除操作有以下两种
rpm -e mysql-libs //普通删除模式
rpm -e –nodeps mysql-lib// 强力删除模式,如果使用上面命令删除时,提示有依赖的其它文件,则用该命令可以对其进行强力删除

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -e --nodeps mysql-community-libs
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -e --nodeps akonadi-mysql
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -e --nodeps mysql-community-common
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -e --nodeps mysql-community-server
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -e --nodeps mysql-community-client
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -e --nodeps qt-mysql
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -aq | grep mysql

3.下载源码文件mysql-5.7.26.tar.gz并上传到服务器的/soft目录中

[root@localhost soft]# ls -lrt
总用量 79960
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 54056899 5月  30 16:36 mysql-5.7.26.tar.gz

4.下载boost包并上传到服务器的/soft目录中

5. 创建mysql用户与用户组

[root@localhost /]# groupadd mysql
[root@localhost /]# useradd -r -g mysql -s /bin/false mysql

因为用户只用于所有权目的,而不是登录目的,useradd命令使用-r与-s /bin/false选项来创建一个用户没有登录服务器主机的权限。

6.创建并修改/mysqlsoft/mysql与/mysqldata/mysql目录权限

[root@localhost /]# mkdir -p /mysqlsoft/mysql
[root@localhost /]# mkdir -p /mysqldata/mysql
[root@localhost /]# chown -R mysql:mysql /mysqlsoft
[root@localhost /]# chown -R mysql:mysql /mysqldata/mysql
[root@localhost /]# chmod -R 775 /mysqlsoft/mysql
[root@localhost /]# chmod -R 775 /mysqldata/mysql

7.解压boost软件包与MySQL源码包

[root@localhost soft]# unzip boost_1_59_0.zip
[root@localhost soft]# ls -lrt
总用量 201556
drwx------. 8 root root      4096 8月  12 2015 boost_1_59_0
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  54056899 5月  30 16:36 mysql-5.7.26.tar.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 124506259 6月  13 21:07 boost_1_59_0.zip

将MySQL文件解压到/soft目录下

[root@localhost soft]# tar zxvf mysql-5.7.26.tar.gz
[root@localhost soft]# ls -lrt
总用量 201560
drwx------.  8 root root       4096 8月  12 2015 boost_1_59_0
drwxr-xr-x. 35 7161 31415      4096 4月  13 21:46 mysql-5.7.26
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root   54056899 5月  30 16:36 mysql-5.7.26.tar.gz
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root   27816900 6月  10 11:32 docker-17.03.0-ce.tgz
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  124506259 6月  13 21:07 boost_1_59_0.zip
总用量 4


[root@localhost soft]# chown -R mysql:mysql mysql-5.7.26
[root@localhost soft]# chmod -R 775 mysql-5.7.26

8.预编译MySQL

[root@localhost soft]# su - mysql
上一次登录:一 6月 17 12:21:54 CST 2019pts/0 上
-bash-4.2$ cd /soft/mysql-5.7.26/

-bash-4.2$ cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/mysqlsoft/mysql \
> -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mysqldata/mysql \
> -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql.sock \
> -DWITH_BOOST=../boost_1_59_0 \
> -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
> -DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
> -DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
> -DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
> -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
> -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
> -DENABLE_DTRACE=0 \
> -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8mb4 \
> -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8mb4_general_ci \
> -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1

....................
-- Found PkgConfig: /bin/pkg-config (found version "0.27.1")
-- checking for module 'libtirpc'
--   package 'libtirpc' not found
-- Performing Test HAVE_STRUCT_SOCKADDR_SA_LEN
-- Performing Test HAVE_STRUCT_SOCKADDR_SA_LEN - Failed
-- Performing Test HAVE_STRUCT_IFREQ_IFR_NAME
-- Performing Test HAVE_STRUCT_IFREQ_IFR_NAME - Success
-- Performing Test HAVE_XDR_OPS_X_PUTINT32
-- Performing Test HAVE_XDR_OPS_X_PUTINT32 - Success
-- Performing Test HAVE_XDR_OPS_X_GETINT32
-- Performing Test HAVE_XDR_OPS_X_GETINT32 - Success
-- Performing Test HAVE___CONST
-- Performing Test HAVE___CONST - Success
-- Performing Test HAVE_RPC_INLINE_T
-- Performing Test HAVE_RPC_INLINE_T - Failed
-- Performing Test OLD_XDR
-- Performing Test OLD_XDR - Failed
-- Performing Test X_GETPOSTN_NOT_USE_CONST
-- Performing Test X_GETPOSTN_NOT_USE_CONST - Success
-- Performing Test HAS_INCOMPATIBLE_POINTER_TYPES
-- Performing Test HAS_INCOMPATIBLE_POINTER_TYPES - Failed
-- Performing Test X_PUTLONG_NOT_USE_CONST
-- Performing Test X_PUTLONG_NOT_USE_CONST - Failed
-- checking for module 'libtirpc'
--   package 'libtirpc' not found
-- RPC_INCLUDE_DIRS /usr/include
-- Using Boost headers from /soft/boost_1_59_0
-- Performing Test CXX_HAVE_SIGN_COMPARE
-- Performing Test CXX_HAVE_SIGN_COMPARE - Success
-- Performing Test CXX_HAVE_UNUSED_VARIABLE
-- Performing Test CXX_HAVE_UNUSED_VARIABLE - Success
-- MYSQLX - Text log of protobuf messages enabled
-- Performing Test HAVE_UNUSED_PARAMETER
-- Performing Test HAVE_UNUSED_PARAMETER - Success
-- Googletest was not found. gtest-based unit tests will be disabled. You can run cmake . -DENABLE_DOWNLOADS=1 to automatically download and build required components from source.
-- If you are inside a firewall, you may need to use an https proxy: export https_proxy=http://example.com:80
-- Performing Test HAVE_MISLEADING_INDENTATION
-- Performing Test HAVE_MISLEADING_INDENTATION - Failed
-- executable target mysqld debug_target /soft/debug/sql/mysqld
-- Library mysqlserver depends on OSLIBS -lpthread;m;rt;crypt;dl
-- MERGE_CONVENIENCE_LIBRARIES TARGET mysqlserver
-- MERGE_CONVENIENCE_LIBRARIES LIBS dbug;strings;regex;mysys;mysys_ssl;vio;zlib;yassl;taocrypt;crypt;dl;archive_embedded;blackhole_embedded;csv_embedded;federated_embedded;heap_embedded;innobase_embedded;lz4_lib;myisam_embedded;myisammrg_embedded;partition_embedded;ngram_parser_embedded;sql_embedded
-- MERGE_CONVENIENCE_LIBRARIES MYLIBS dbug;strings;regex;mysys;mysys_ssl;vio;zlib;yassl;taocrypt;archive_embedded;blackhole_embedded;csv_embedded;federated_embedded;heap_embedded;innobase_embedded;lz4_lib;myisam_embedded;myisammrg_embedded;partition_embedded;ngram_parser_embedded;sql_embedded
-- library target mysqlserver debug_target /soft/debug/archive_output_directory/libmysqld.a
-- INSTALL mysqlclient.pc lib/pkgconfig
-- Skipping deb packaging on unsupported platform .
-- CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE: RelWithDebInfo
-- COMPILE_DEFINITIONS: _GNU_SOURCE;_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64;HAVE_CONFIG_H;HAVE_LIBEVENT2
-- CMAKE_C_FLAGS:  -Wall -Wextra -Wformat-security -Wvla -Wwrite-strings -Wdeclaration-after-statement
-- CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS:  -Wall -Wextra -Wformat-security -Wvla -Woverloaded-virtual -Wno-unused-parameter
-- CMAKE_C_LINK_FLAGS:
-- CMAKE_CXX_LINK_FLAGS:
-- CMAKE_C_FLAGS_RELWITHDEBINFO: -O3 -g -fabi-version=2 -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-strict-aliasing -DDBUG_OFF
-- CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS_RELWITHDEBINFO: -O3 -g -fabi-version=2 -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-strict-aliasing -DDBUG_OFF
-- Configuring done
-- Generating done
-- Build files have been written to: /soft/mysql-5.7.26

9.编译源码,这时使用-j 6选项来使用6个进程同时进行编译

-bash-4.2$ make -j 6
.........
Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/event_data_objects.cc.o
Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/des_key_file.cc.o
Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/event_db_repository.cc.o
[ 97%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/event_parse_data.cc.o
[ 97%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/event_queue.cc.o
[ 97%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/event_scheduler.cc.o
[ 97%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/events.cc.o
[ 97%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/mf_iocache.cc.o
[ 97%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/mysqld.cc.o
[ 97%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/mysqld_thd_manager.cc.o
[ 97%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/protocol_callback.cc.o
[ 97%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/signal_handler.cc.o
[ 98%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/sql_audit.cc.o
[ 98%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/sql_client.cc.o
[ 98%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/srv_session.cc.o
[ 98%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/srv_session_info_service.cc.o
[ 98%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/srv_session_service.cc.o
[ 98%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/auth/sha2_password_common.cc.o
[ 98%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/sql.dir/mysqld_daemon.cc.o
Linking CXX static library ../archive_output_directory/libsql.a
[ 98%] Built target sql
Scanning dependencies of target mysqld
Scanning dependencies of target pfs_connect_attr-t
[ 99%] Building CXX object sql/CMakeFiles/mysqld.dir/main.cc.o
Linking CXX executable mysqld
[100%] [100%] [100%] Building CXX object storage/perfschema/unittest/CMakeFiles/pfs_connect_attr-t.dir/__/__/__/sql/sql_builtin.cc.o
Building CXX object storage/perfschema/unittest/CMakeFiles/pfs_connect_attr-t.dir/pfs_connect_attr-t.cc.o
Building C object storage/perfschema/unittest/CMakeFiles/pfs_connect_attr-t.dir/__/__/__/mysys/string.c.o
Linking CXX executable pfs_connect_attr-t
[100%] Built target mysqld
[100%] Built target pfs_connect_attr-t

10.安装

-bash-4.2$ make install
.................
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/wl6661.test
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/wl6711_heap_to_disk.test
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/wl6978.test
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/xa.test
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/xa_debug.test
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/xa_gtid-master.opt
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/xa_gtid.test
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/xa_prepared_binlog_off-master.opt
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/xa_prepared_binlog_off.test
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./t/xml.test
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./valgrind.supp
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./mtr
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./mysql-test-run
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./Makefile
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./cmake_install.cmake
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/./CTestTestfile.cmake
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/./COPYING-test
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/./README-test
-- Up-to-date: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/mtr
-- Up-to-date: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/mysql-test-run
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/lib/My/SafeProcess/my_safe_process
-- Up-to-date: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/lib/My/SafeProcess/my_safe_process
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql-test/lib/My/SafeProcess/Base.pm
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/support-files/mysqld_multi.server
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/support-files/mysql-log-rotate
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/support-files/magic
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/share/aclocal/mysql.m4
-- Installing: /mysqlsoft/mysql/support-files/mysql.server

[root@localhost mysqlsoft]# chmod -R 775 mysql

11.配置mysql参数,只是设置几个简单的mysql运行参数

[root@localhost mysql]#  vi /mysqlsoft/mysql/my.cnf
[mysqld]
basedir=/mysqlsoft/mysql
datadir=/mysqldata/mysql
bind-address=0.0.0.0
user=mysql
port=3306
log-error=/mysqldata/mysql/mysql.err
pid-file=/mysqldata/mysql/mysqld.pid
socket = /mysqlsoft/mysql/mysql.sock
character-set-server=utf8mb4
default-storage-engine=INNODB
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp = true

[root@localhost mysql]# cd bin
[root@localhost bin]# ./mysqld  --defaults-file=/mysqlsoft/mysql/my.cnf --initialize --basedir=/mysqlsoft/mysql --datadir=/mysqldata/mysql --user=mysql

查看日志信息

[root@localhost mysql]# tail -f mysql.err
2019-06-17T06:28:34.137849Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45790
2019-06-17T06:28:35.342112Z 0 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables.
2019-06-17T06:28:35.465187Z 0 [Warning] No existing UUID has been found, so we assume that this is the first time that this server has been started. Generating a new UUID: 2296e390-90c9-11e9-9a9f-005056a390e6.
2019-06-17T06:28:35.471829Z 0 [Warning] Gtid table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' cannot be opened.
2019-06-17T06:28:35.474533Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: Ldp#HUPR(7hH

其中[Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost:后面跟的是mysql数据库登录的临时密码,各人安装生成的临时密码不一样。可以看到到日志文件没有报错,而且有了临时密码,表示初始化成功。

12.如果想服务能够部署自动支持安全连接,使用mysql_ssl_rsa_setup工具来创建缺省SSL与RSA文件

[root@localhost bin]# ./mysql_ssl_rsa_setup --datadir=/mysqldata/mysql
Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key
...........................+++
.......+++
writing new private key to 'ca-key.pem'
-----
Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key
.......................................................................................................+++
...................................................................................................................................................+++
writing new private key to 'server-key.pem'
-----
Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key
.....................................+++
...........+++
writing new private key to 'client-key.pem'
-----

13.启动MySQL

[root@localhost bin]# ./mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
[1] 19442
[root@localhost bin]# 2019-06-17T06:34:01.654203Z mysqld_safe Logging to '/mysqldata/mysql/mysql.err'.
2019-06-17T06:34:01.750954Z mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /mysqldata/mysql

14.配置自动启动MySQL

[root@localhost ~]# cp /mysqlsoft/mysql/support-files/mysql.server  /etc/init.d/mysqld
[root@localhost ~]# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl enable mysqld
mysqld.service is not a native service, redirecting to /sbin/chkconfig.
Executing /sbin/chkconfig mysqld on

14.配置环境变量

[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/profile
# /etc/profile

# System wide environment and startup programs, for login setup
# Functions and aliases go in /etc/bashrc

# It's NOT a good idea to change this file unless you know what you
# are doing. It's much better to create a custom.sh shell script in
# /etc/profile.d/ to make custom changes to your environment, as this
# will prevent the need for merging in future updates.

export MYSQL_HOME=/mysqlsoft/mysql/
export PATH=$PATH:$MYSQL_HOME/bin

15.登录MySQL并修改root用户密码

-bash-4.2$ mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.7.26

Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

到此使用源码来安装MySQL就完成了。

Install MySQL 5.7 in the Docker

Install Docker on Oracle Linux 7
在Oracle Linux 7.1上安装Docker
1.首先使用正确的yum设置来升级Oracle Linux 7.1实例。为了安装最新的Docker版本(18.9.1.ce),需要ol7_latest,ol7_uekr4与ol7_addons启用

[root@localhost /]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@localhost /]#wget http://yum.oracle.com/public-yum-ol7.repo
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# vi public-yum-ol7.repo
[ol7_latest]
name=Oracle Linux $releasever Latest ($basearch)
baseurl=http://yum.oracle.com/repo/OracleLinux/OL7/latest/$basearch/
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1

[ol7_UEKR4]
name=Latest Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel Release 4 for Oracle Linux $releasever ($basearch)
baseurl=http://yum.oracle.com/repo/OracleLinux/OL7/UEKR4/$basearch/
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1

[ol7_addons]
name=Oracle Linux $releasever Add ons ($basearch)
baseurl=http://yum.oracle.com/repo/OracleLinux/OL7/addons/$basearch/
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1

2.开始安装docker

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum install docker-engine
Loaded plugins: langpacks
ol7_UEKR4                                                                                                                                                                                                            | 2.5 kB  00:00:00
ol7_addons                                                                                                                                                                                                           | 1.2 kB  00:00:00
ol7_latest                                                                                                                                                                                                           | 2.7 kB  00:00:00
(1/4): ol7_addons/x86_64/updateinfo                                                                                                                                                                                  |  60 kB  00:00:00
(2/4): ol7_UEKR4/x86_64/updateinfo                                                                                                                                                                                   |  82 kB  00:00:01
(3/4): ol7_addons/x86_64/primary                                                                                                                                                                                     |  82 kB  00:00:02
(4/4): ol7_UEKR4/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                                                                                                   | 4.0 MB  00:03:38
ol7_addons                                                                                                                                                                                                                          328/328
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package docker-engine.x86_64 0:18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: container-selinux >= 2:2.77 for package: docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libseccomp >= 2.3 for package: docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: containerd for package: docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: docker-cli for package: docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: runc for package: docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libdevmapper.so.1.02(DM_1_02_97)(64bit) for package: docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libsystemd.so.0(LIBSYSTEMD_209)(64bit) for package: docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libsystemd.so.0()(64bit) for package: docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package container-selinux.noarch 2:2.77-5.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: selinux-policy-base >= 3.13.1-216.el7 for package: 2:container-selinux-2.77-5.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: selinux-policy >= 3.13.1-216.el7 for package: 2:container-selinux-2.77-5.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: policycoreutils >= 2.5-11 for package: 2:container-selinux-2.77-5.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: selinux-policy-targeted >= 3.13.1-216.el7 for package: 2:container-selinux-2.77-5.el7.noarch
---> Package containerd.x86_64 0:1.2.0-1.0.5.el7 will be installed
---> Package device-mapper-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.93-3.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: device-mapper-libs = 7:1.02.93-3.el7 for package: 7:device-mapper-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package device-mapper-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8 will be an update
---> Package docker-cli.x86_64 0:18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7 will be installed
---> Package libseccomp.x86_64 0:2.1.1-2.el7 will be updated
---> Package libseccomp.x86_64 0:2.3.1-3.el7 will be an update
---> Package runc.x86_64 0:1.0.0-19.rc5.git4bb1fe4.0.3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: criu for package: runc-1.0.0-19.rc5.git4bb1fe4.0.3.el7.x86_64
---> Package systemd-libs.x86_64 0:208-20.0.1.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: systemd-libs = 208-20.0.1.el7 for package: systemd-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package systemd-libs.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: liblz4.so.1()(64bit) for package: systemd-libs-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package criu.x86_64 0:3.9-5.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libprotobuf-c.so.1(LIBPROTOBUF_C_1.0.0)(64bit) for package: criu-3.9-5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libnl-3.so.200(libnl_3)(64bit) for package: criu-3.9-5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libprotobuf-c.so.1()(64bit) for package: criu-3.9-5.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libnet.so.1()(64bit) for package: criu-3.9-5.el7.x86_64
---> Package device-mapper.x86_64 7:1.02.93-3.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: device-mapper = 7:1.02.93-3.el7 for package: 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package device-mapper.x86_64 7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8 will be an update
---> Package lz4.x86_64 0:1.7.5-2.0.1.el7 will be installed
---> Package policycoreutils.x86_64 0:2.2.5-15.0.1.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: policycoreutils = 2.2.5-15.0.1.el7 for package: policycoreutils-python-2.2.5-15.0.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package policycoreutils.x86_64 0:2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: libsemanage >= 2.5-14 for package: policycoreutils-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libsepol >= 2.5-10 for package: policycoreutils-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux-utils >= 2.5-14 for package: policycoreutils-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libsepol.so.1(LIBSEPOL_1.1)(64bit) for package: policycoreutils-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libsemanage.so.1(LIBSEMANAGE_1.1)(64bit) for package: policycoreutils-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libsepol.so.1(LIBSEPOL_1.0)(64bit) for package: policycoreutils-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64
---> Package selinux-policy.noarch 0:3.13.1-23.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package selinux-policy.noarch 0:3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12 will be an update
---> Package selinux-policy-targeted.noarch 0:3.13.1-23.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package selinux-policy-targeted.noarch 0:3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12 will be an update
---> Package systemd.x86_64 0:208-20.0.1.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: systemd = 208-20.0.1.el7 for package: libgudev1-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: systemd = 208-20.0.1.el7 for package: systemd-sysv-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: systemd = 208-20.0.1.el7 for package: systemd-python-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package systemd.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: kmod >= 18-4 for package: systemd-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libcryptsetup.so.12(CRYPTSETUP_2.0)(64bit) for package: systemd-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libcryptsetup.so.12()(64bit) for package: systemd-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package cryptsetup-libs.x86_64 0:1.6.6-3.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: cryptsetup-libs = 1.6.6-3.el7 for package: cryptsetup-python-1.6.6-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: cryptsetup-libs(x86-64) = 1.6.6-3.el7 for package: cryptsetup-1.6.6-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package cryptsetup-libs.x86_64 0:2.0.3-3.el7 will be an update
---> Package device-mapper-event.x86_64 7:1.02.93-3.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: device-mapper-event = 7:1.02.93-3.el7 for package: 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.115-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package device-mapper-event.x86_64 7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: device-mapper-event-libs = 7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8 for package: 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64
---> Package kmod.x86_64 0:14-10.el7 will be updated
---> Package kmod.x86_64 0:20-23.0.1.el7 will be an update
---> Package libgudev1.x86_64 0:208-20.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package libgudev1.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: glib2 >= 2.42 for package: libgudev1-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64
---> Package libnet.x86_64 0:1.1.6-7.el7 will be installed
---> Package libnl3.x86_64 0:3.2.21-8.0.1.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libnl3 = 3.2.21-8.0.1.el7 for package: libnl3-cli-3.2.21-8.0.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package libnl3.x86_64 0:3.2.28-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package libselinux-utils.x86_64 0:2.2.2-6.el7 will be updated
---> Package libselinux-utils.x86_64 0:2.5-14.1.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux(x86-64) = 2.5-14.1.el7 for package: libselinux-utils-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package libsemanage.x86_64 0:2.1.10-16.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libsemanage = 2.1.10-16.el7 for package: libsemanage-python-2.1.10-16.el7.x86_64
---> Package libsemanage.x86_64 0:2.5-14.el7 will be an update
---> Package libsepol.x86_64 0:2.1.9-3.el7 will be updated
---> Package libsepol.x86_64 0:2.5-10.el7 will be an update
---> Package policycoreutils-python.x86_64 0:2.2.5-15.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package policycoreutils-python.x86_64 0:2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: setools-libs >= 3.3.8-4 for package: policycoreutils-python-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64
---> Package protobuf-c.x86_64 0:1.0.2-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package systemd-python.x86_64 0:208-20.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package systemd-python.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7 will be an update
---> Package systemd-sysv.x86_64 0:208-20.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package systemd-sysv.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package cryptsetup.x86_64 0:1.6.6-3.el7 will be updated
---> Package cryptsetup.x86_64 0:2.0.3-3.el7 will be an update
---> Package cryptsetup-python.x86_64 0:1.6.6-3.el7 will be updated
---> Package cryptsetup-python.x86_64 0:2.0.3-3.el7 will be an update
---> Package device-mapper-event-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.93-3.el7 will be updated
---> Package device-mapper-event-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8 will be an update
---> Package glib2.x86_64 0:2.40.0-4.el7 will be updated
---> Package glib2.x86_64 0:2.56.1-4.el7_6 will be an update
---> Package libnl3-cli.x86_64 0:3.2.21-8.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package libnl3-cli.x86_64 0:3.2.28-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package libselinux.x86_64 0:2.2.2-6.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux = 2.2.2-6.el7 for package: libselinux-python-2.2.2-6.el7.x86_64
---> Package libselinux.x86_64 0:2.5-14.1.el7 will be an update
---> Package libsemanage-python.x86_64 0:2.1.10-16.el7 will be updated
---> Package libsemanage-python.x86_64 0:2.5-14.el7 will be an update
---> Package lvm2-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.115-3.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: lvm2-libs = 7:2.02.115-3.el7 for package: 7:lvm2-2.02.115-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: lvm2-libs = 7:2.02.115-3.el7 for package: 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.115-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package lvm2-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8 will be an update
---> Package setools-libs.x86_64 0:3.3.7-46.el7 will be updated
---> Package setools-libs.x86_64 0:3.3.8-4.el7 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libselinux-python.x86_64 0:2.2.2-6.el7 will be updated
---> Package libselinux-python.x86_64 0:2.5-14.1.el7 will be an update
---> Package lvm2.x86_64 7:2.02.115-3.el7 will be updated
---> Package lvm2.x86_64 7:2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: device-mapper-persistent-data >= 0.7.0-0.1.rc6 for package: 7:lvm2-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64
---> Package lvm2-python-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.115-3.el7 will be updated
---> Package lvm2-python-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package device-mapper-persistent-data.x86_64 0:0.4.1-2.el7 will be updated
---> Package device-mapper-persistent-data.x86_64 0:0.7.3-3.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Conflict: systemd-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64 conflicts initscripts < 9.49.28-1
--> Restarting Dependency Resolution with new changes.
--> Running transaction check
---> Package initscripts.x86_64 0:9.49.24-1.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package initscripts.x86_64 0:9.49.46-1.0.1.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Conflict: initscripts-9.49.46-1.0.1.el7.x86_64 conflicts redhat-release < 7.5-0.11
--> Restarting Dependency Resolution with new changes.
--> Running transaction check
---> Package redhat-release-server.x86_64 1:7.1-1.0.2.el7 will be updated
---> Package redhat-release-server.x86_64 1:7.6-4.0.1.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Conflict: initscripts-9.49.46-1.0.1.el7.x86_64 conflicts oraclelinux-release < 7:7.5-1.0.3
--> Restarting Dependency Resolution with new changes.
--> Running transaction check
---> Package oraclelinux-release.x86_64 7:7.1-1.0.5.el7 will be updated
---> Package oraclelinux-release.x86_64 7:7.6-1.0.15.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Conflict: systemd-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64 conflicts dracut < 033-243
--> Restarting Dependency Resolution with new changes.
--> Running transaction check
---> Package dracut.x86_64 0:033-240.0.1.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: dracut = 033-240.0.1.el7 for package: dracut-config-rescue-033-240.0.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: dracut = 033-240.0.1.el7 for package: dracut-network-033-240.0.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package dracut.x86_64 0:033-554.0.3.el7 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package dracut-config-rescue.x86_64 0:033-240.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package dracut-config-rescue.x86_64 0:033-554.0.3.el7 will be an update
---> Package dracut-network.x86_64 0:033-240.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package dracut-network.x86_64 0:033-554.0.3.el7 will be an update
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                                            Arch                                        Version                                                               Repository                                       Size
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 docker-engine                                                      x86_64                                      18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7                                                  ol7_addons                                       19 M
Updating:
 dracut                                                             x86_64                                      033-554.0.3.el7                                                       ol7_latest                                      328 k
 initscripts                                                        x86_64                                      9.49.46-1.0.1.el7                                                     ol7_latest                                      439 k
 oraclelinux-release                                                x86_64                                      7:7.6-1.0.15.el7                                                      ol7_latest                                       54 k
 redhat-release-server                                              x86_64                                      1:7.6-4.0.1.el7                                                       ol7_latest                                      9.8 k
Installing for dependencies:
 container-selinux                                                  noarch                                      2:2.77-5.el7                                                          ol7_addons                                       37 k
 containerd                                                         x86_64                                      1.2.0-1.0.5.el7                                                       ol7_addons                                       21 M
 criu                                                               x86_64                                      3.9-5.el7                                                             ol7_latest                                      432 k
 docker-cli                                                         x86_64                                      18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7                                                  ol7_addons                                       14 M
 libnet                                                             x86_64                                      1.1.6-7.el7                                                           ol7_latest                                       57 k
 lz4                                                                x86_64                                      1.7.5-2.0.1.el7                                                       ol7_latest                                       98 k
 protobuf-c                                                         x86_64                                      1.0.2-3.el7                                                           ol7_latest                                       27 k
 runc                                                               x86_64                                      1.0.0-19.rc5.git4bb1fe4.0.3.el7                                       ol7_addons                                      1.9 M
Updating for dependencies:
 cryptsetup                                                         x86_64                                      2.0.3-3.el7                                                           ol7_latest                                      153 k
 cryptsetup-libs                                                    x86_64                                      2.0.3-3.el7                                                           ol7_latest                                      337 k
 cryptsetup-python                                                  x86_64                                      2.0.3-3.el7                                                           ol7_latest                                       35 k
 device-mapper                                                      x86_64                                      7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8                                             ol7_latest                                      293 k
 device-mapper-event                                                x86_64                                      7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8                                             ol7_latest                                      188 k
 device-mapper-event-libs                                           x86_64                                      7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8                                             ol7_latest                                      188 k
 device-mapper-libs                                                 x86_64                                      7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8                                             ol7_latest                                      320 k
 device-mapper-persistent-data                                      x86_64                                      0.7.3-3.el7                                                           ol7_latest                                      404 k
 dracut-config-rescue                                               x86_64                                      033-554.0.3.el7                                                       ol7_latest                                       60 k
 dracut-network                                                     x86_64                                      033-554.0.3.el7                                                       ol7_latest                                      102 k
 glib2                                                              x86_64                                      2.56.1-4.el7_6                                                        ol7_latest                                      2.5 M
 kmod                                                               x86_64                                      20-23.0.1.el7                                                         ol7_latest                                      121 k
 libgudev1                                                          x86_64                                      219-62.0.4.el7_6.7                                                    ol7_latest                                       96 k
 libnl3                                                             x86_64                                      3.2.28-4.el7                                                          ol7_latest                                      277 k
 libnl3-cli                                                         x86_64                                      3.2.28-4.el7                                                          ol7_latest                                      159 k
 libseccomp                                                         x86_64                                      2.3.1-3.el7                                                           ol7_latest                                       55 k
 libselinux                                                         x86_64                                      2.5-14.1.el7                                                          ol7_latest                                      162 k
 libselinux-python                                                  x86_64                                      2.5-14.1.el7                                                          ol7_latest                                      235 k
 libselinux-utils                                                   x86_64                                      2.5-14.1.el7                                                          ol7_latest                                      151 k
 libsemanage                                                        x86_64                                      2.5-14.el7                                                            ol7_latest                                      150 k
 libsemanage-python                                                 x86_64                                      2.5-14.el7                                                            ol7_latest                                      112 k
 libsepol                                                           x86_64                                      2.5-10.el7                                                            ol7_latest                                      297 k
 lvm2                                                               x86_64                                      7:2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8                                             ol7_latest                                      1.3 M
 lvm2-libs                                                          x86_64                                      7:2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8                                             ol7_latest                                      1.1 M
 lvm2-python-libs                                                   x86_64                                      7:2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8                                             ol7_latest                                      186 k
 policycoreutils                                                    x86_64                                      2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1                                                    ol7_latest                                      916 k
 policycoreutils-python                                             x86_64                                      2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1                                                    ol7_latest                                      455 k
 selinux-policy                                                     noarch                                      3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12                                               ol7_latest                                      484 k
 selinux-policy-targeted                                            noarch                                      3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12                                               ol7_latest                                      6.9 M
 setools-libs                                                       x86_64                                      3.3.8-4.el7                                                           ol7_latest                                      620 k
 systemd                                                            x86_64                                      219-62.0.4.el7_6.7                                                    ol7_latest                                      5.1 M
 systemd-libs                                                       x86_64                                      219-62.0.4.el7_6.7                                                    ol7_latest                                      407 k
 systemd-python                                                     x86_64                                      219-62.0.4.el7_6.7                                                    ol7_latest                                      133 k
 systemd-sysv                                                       x86_64                                      219-62.0.4.el7_6.7                                                    ol7_latest                                       84 k

Transaction Summary
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package  (+ 8 Dependent packages)
Upgrade  4 Packages (+34 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 81 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
No Presto metadata available for ol7_latest
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7Server/ol7_latest/packages/cryptsetup-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID ec551f03: NOKEY                                                      ] 373 kB/s | 1.6 MB  00:03:39 ETA
Public key for cryptsetup-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
(1/47): cryptsetup-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                            | 153 kB  00:00:04
(2/47): criu-3.9-5.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                                    | 432 kB  00:00:04
Public key for container-selinux-2.77-5.el7.noarch.rpm is not installed
(3/47): container-selinux-2.77-5.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                                                                                                                      |  37 kB  00:00:04
(4/47): cryptsetup-python-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                     |  35 kB  00:00:00
(5/47): cryptsetup-libs-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                       | 337 kB  00:00:01
(6/47): device-mapper-event-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                       | 188 kB  00:00:00
(7/47): device-mapper-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                             | 293 kB  00:00:01
(8/47): device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                  | 188 kB  00:00:00
(9/47): device-mapper-persistent-data-0.7.3-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                         | 404 kB  00:00:00
(10/47): device-mapper-libs-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                       | 320 kB  00:00:02
(11/47): containerd-1.2.0-1.0.5.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                       |  21 MB  00:00:13
(12/47): dracut-config-rescue-033-554.0.3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                             |  60 kB  00:00:01
(13/47): dracut-network-033-554.0.3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                   | 102 kB  00:00:00
(14/47): dracut-033-554.0.3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                           | 328 kB  00:00:02
(15/47): initscripts-9.49.46-1.0.1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                    | 439 kB  00:00:00
(16/47): kmod-20-23.0.1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                               | 121 kB  00:00:00
(17/47): libgudev1-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                     |  96 kB  00:00:00
(18/47): glib2-2.56.1-4.el7_6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                             | 2.5 MB  00:00:02
(19/47): libnl3-3.2.28-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                              | 277 kB  00:00:00
(20/47): docker-cli-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                  |  14 MB  00:00:12
(21/47): libnet-1.1.6-7.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                               |  57 kB  00:00:01
(22/47): libseccomp-2.3.1-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                           |  55 kB  00:00:00
(23/47): libselinux-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                          | 162 kB  00:00:00
(24/47): libnl3-cli-3.2.28-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                          | 159 kB  00:00:00
(25/47): libselinux-python-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                   | 235 kB  00:00:00
(26/47): libselinux-utils-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                    | 151 kB  00:00:00
(27/47): libsemanage-python-2.5-14.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                    | 112 kB  00:00:00
(28/47): libsemanage-2.5-14.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                           | 150 kB  00:00:00
(29/47): libsepol-2.5-10.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                              | 297 kB  00:00:00
(30/47): lvm2-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                     | 1.3 MB  00:00:00
(31/47): lvm2-python-libs-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                         | 186 kB  00:00:00
(32/47): lvm2-libs-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                | 1.1 MB  00:00:01
(33/47): lz4-1.7.5-2.0.1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                              |  98 kB  00:00:00
(34/47): oraclelinux-release-7.6-1.0.15.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                               |  54 kB  00:00:00
(35/47): policycoreutils-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                               | 916 kB  00:00:00
(36/47): policycoreutils-python-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                        | 455 kB  00:00:00
(37/47): redhat-release-server-7.6-4.0.1.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                              | 9.8 kB  00:00:00
(38/47): docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                               |  19 MB  00:00:10
(39/47): selinux-policy-3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12.noarch.rpm                                                                                                                                                           | 484 kB  00:00:00
(40/47): protobuf-c-1.0.2-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                           |  27 kB  00:00:02
(41/47): setools-libs-3.3.8-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                         | 620 kB  00:00:00
(42/47): runc-1.0.0-19.rc5.git4bb1fe4.0.3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                             | 1.9 MB  00:00:04
(43/47): selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12.noarch.rpm                                                                                                                                                  | 6.9 MB  00:00:03
(44/47): systemd-libs-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                  | 407 kB  00:00:00
(45/47): systemd-python-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                | 133 kB  00:00:00
(46/47): systemd-sysv-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                  |  84 kB  00:00:00
(47/47): systemd-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                       | 5.1 MB  00:00:04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                       2.8 MB/s |  81 MB  00:00:29
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle
Importing GPG key 0xEC551F03:
 Userid     : "Oracle OSS group (Open Source Software group) "
 Fingerprint: 4214 4123 fecf c55b 9086 313d 72f9 7b74 ec55 1f03
 Package    : 7:oraclelinux-release-7.1-1.0.5.el7.x86_64 (@anaconda/7.1)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Updating   : libsepol-2.5-10.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                              1/85
  Updating   : libselinux-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          2/85
  Updating   : libsemanage-2.5-14.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                           3/85
  Installing : lz4-1.7.5-2.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                              4/85
  Updating   : systemd-libs-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  5/85
  Updating   : 1:redhat-release-server-7.6-4.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                            6/85
  Updating   : cryptsetup-libs-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      7/85
  Updating   : 7:device-mapper-libs-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                     8/85
  Updating   : 7:device-mapper-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                          9/85
  Updating   : systemd-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      10/85
  Updating   : dracut-033-554.0.3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          11/85
  Updating   : kmod-20-23.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                              12/85
  Updating   : 7:device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                              13/85
  Updating   : libseccomp-2.3.1-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          14/85
  Updating   : glib2-2.56.1-4.el7_6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                            15/85
  Updating   : libselinux-utils-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   16/85
  Updating   : policycoreutils-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                              17/85
  Updating   : selinux-policy-3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12.noarch                                                                                                                                                                          18/85
  Updating   : libnl3-3.2.28-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                             19/85
  Updating   : selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12.noarch                                                                                                                                                                 20/85
  Updating   : 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                   21/85
  Updating   : 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                             22/85
  Updating   : 7:oraclelinux-release-7.6-1.0.15.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                            23/85
  Updating   : libsemanage-python-2.5-14.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   24/85
  Updating   : libselinux-python-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  25/85
  Updating   : setools-libs-3.3.8-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                        26/85
  Updating   : policycoreutils-python-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                       27/85
  Installing : 2:container-selinux-2.77-5.el7.noarch                                                                                                                                                                                  28/85
  Installing : containerd-1.2.0-1.0.5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      29/85
  Installing : docker-cli-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                 30/85
  Installing : libnet-1.1.6-7.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                              31/85
  Installing : protobuf-c-1.0.2-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          32/85
  Installing : criu-3.9-5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                  33/85
  Installing : runc-1.0.0-19.rc5.git4bb1fe4.0.3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                            34/85
  Updating   : device-mapper-persistent-data-0.7.3-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                       35/85
  Updating   : 7:lvm2-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  36/85
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/sysinit.target.wants/lvm2-lvmpolld.socket to /usr/lib/systemd/system/lvm2-lvmpolld.socket.
  Installing : docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                              37/85
  Updating   : initscripts-9.49.46-1.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   38/85
  Updating   : 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                      39/85
  Updating   : libnl3-cli-3.2.28-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                         40/85
  Updating   : libgudev1-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                    41/85
  Updating   : dracut-network-033-554.0.3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  42/85
  Updating   : dracut-config-rescue-033-554.0.3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                            43/85
  Updating   : systemd-sysv-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                 44/85
  Updating   : systemd-python-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                               45/85
  Updating   : cryptsetup-python-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   46/85
  Updating   : cryptsetup-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          47/85
  Cleanup    : 7:lvm2-2.02.115-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                           48/85
  Cleanup    : policycoreutils-python-2.2.5-15.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                         49/85

UPGRADE: Automatically re-enabling default systemd units:
        brandbot.path
        rhel-autorelabel.service
        rhel-autorelabel-mark.service
        rhel-configure.service
        rhel-dmesg.service
        rhel-domainname.service
        rhel-import-state.service
        rhel-loadmodules.service
        rhel-readonly.service

  Cleanup    : initscripts-9.49.24-1.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   50/85
  Cleanup    : libgudev1-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                        51/85
  Cleanup    : selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-23.0.1.el7.noarch                                                                                                                                                                       52/85
  Cleanup    : selinux-policy-3.13.1-23.0.1.el7.noarch                                                                                                                                                                                53/85
  Cleanup    : 7:oraclelinux-release-7.1-1.0.5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                             54/85
  Cleanup    : dracut-config-rescue-033-240.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                            55/85
  Cleanup    : systemd-sysv-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     56/85
  Cleanup    : dracut-network-033-240.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  57/85
  Cleanup    : policycoreutils-2.2.5-15.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                58/85
  Cleanup    : systemd-python-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   59/85
  Cleanup    : dracut-033-240.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          60/85
  Cleanup    : setools-libs-3.3.7-46.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                       61/85
  Cleanup    : libselinux-utils-2.2.2-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                    62/85
  Cleanup    : glib2-2.40.0-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                              63/85
  Cleanup    : libselinux-python-2.2.2-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   64/85
  Cleanup    : libsemanage-python-2.1.10-16.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                65/85
  Cleanup    : libsemanage-2.1.10-16.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                       66/85
  Cleanup    : cryptsetup-1.6.6-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          67/85
  Cleanup    : libnl3-cli-3.2.21-8.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     68/85
  Cleanup    : cryptsetup-python-1.6.6-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   69/85
  Cleanup    : 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.115-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                               70/85
  Cleanup    : 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.115-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      71/85
  Cleanup    : 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                             72/85
  Cleanup    : 7:device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                        73/85
  Cleanup    : cryptsetup-libs-1.6.6-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     74/85
  Cleanup    : systemd-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          75/85
  Cleanup    : 7:device-mapper-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   76/85
  Cleanup    : 7:device-mapper-libs-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                              77/85
  Cleanup    : 1:redhat-release-server-7.1-1.0.2.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                           78/85
  Cleanup    : systemd-libs-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     79/85
  Cleanup    : libselinux-2.2.2-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          80/85
  Cleanup    : libsepol-2.1.9-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                            81/85
  Cleanup    : kmod-14-10.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                  82/85
  Cleanup    : libnl3-3.2.21-8.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                         83/85
  Cleanup    : device-mapper-persistent-data-0.4.1-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                       84/85
  Cleanup    : libseccomp-2.1.1-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          85/85
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                               1/85
  Verifying  : glib2-2.56.1-4.el7_6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                             2/85
  Verifying  : docker-engine-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                               3/85
  Verifying  : policycoreutils-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                               4/85
  Verifying  : libseccomp-2.3.1-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                           5/85
  Verifying  : kmod-20-23.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                               6/85
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-libs-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                     7/85
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                       8/85
  Verifying  : libgudev1-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     9/85
  Verifying  : cryptsetup-libs-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     10/85
  Verifying  : selinux-policy-3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12.noarch                                                                                                                                                                          11/85
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  12/85
  Verifying  : 2:container-selinux-2.77-5.el7.noarch                                                                                                                                                                                  13/85
  Verifying  : initscripts-9.49.46-1.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   14/85
  Verifying  : cryptsetup-python-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   15/85
  Verifying  : libsemanage-python-2.5-14.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   16/85
  Verifying  : 1:redhat-release-server-7.6-4.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                           17/85
  Verifying  : 7:oraclelinux-release-7.6-1.0.15.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                            18/85
  Verifying  : device-mapper-persistent-data-0.7.3-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                       19/85
  Verifying  : dracut-network-033-554.0.3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  20/85
  Verifying  : systemd-sysv-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                 21/85
  Verifying  : containerd-1.2.0-1.0.5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      22/85
  Verifying  : policycoreutils-python-2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                       23/85
  Verifying  : protobuf-c-1.0.2-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          24/85
  Verifying  : dracut-config-rescue-033-554.0.3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                            25/85
  Verifying  : libselinux-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                         26/85
  Verifying  : systemd-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      27/85
  Verifying  : criu-3.9-5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                  28/85
  Verifying  : libsemanage-2.5-14.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          29/85
  Verifying  : systemd-libs-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                 30/85
  Verifying  : libnl3-cli-3.2.28-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                         31/85
  Verifying  : systemd-python-219-62.0.4.el7_6.7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                               32/85
  Verifying  : libselinux-python-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  33/85
  Verifying  : libnet-1.1.6-7.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                              34/85
  Verifying  : libsepol-2.5-10.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                             35/85
  Verifying  : runc-1.0.0-19.rc5.git4bb1fe4.0.3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                            36/85
  Verifying  : selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12.noarch                                                                                                                                                                 37/85
  Verifying  : libselinux-utils-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   38/85
  Verifying  : dracut-033-554.0.3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          39/85
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                   40/85
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                         41/85
  Verifying  : libnl3-3.2.28-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                             42/85
  Verifying  : docker-cli-18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                 43/85
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                             44/85
  Verifying  : setools-libs-3.3.8-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                        45/85
  Verifying  : lz4-1.7.5-2.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                             46/85
  Verifying  : cryptsetup-2.0.3-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          47/85
  Verifying  : libselinux-utils-2.2.2-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                    48/85
  Verifying  : libsemanage-python-2.1.10-16.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                49/85
  Verifying  : dracut-config-rescue-033-240.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                            50/85
  Verifying  : systemd-libs-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     51/85
  Verifying  : systemd-sysv-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     52/85
  Verifying  : policycoreutils-2.2.5-15.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                53/85
  Verifying  : policycoreutils-python-2.2.5-15.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                         54/85
  Verifying  : cryptsetup-python-1.6.6-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   55/85
  Verifying  : 7:oraclelinux-release-7.1-1.0.5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                             56/85
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-event-libs-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                        57/85
  Verifying  : dracut-033-240.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          58/85
  Verifying  : cryptsetup-1.6.6-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          59/85
  Verifying  : setools-libs-3.3.7-46.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                       60/85
  Verifying  : initscripts-9.49.24-1.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   61/85
  Verifying  : kmod-14-10.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                  62/85
  Verifying  : systemd-python-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   63/85
  Verifying  : cryptsetup-libs-1.6.6-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     64/85
  Verifying  : dracut-network-033-240.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  65/85
  Verifying  : glib2-2.40.0-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                              66/85
  Verifying  : libnl3-cli-3.2.21-8.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     67/85
  Verifying  : libnl3-3.2.21-8.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                         68/85
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-event-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                             69/85
  Verifying  : libselinux-python-2.2.2-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   70/85
  Verifying  : libsemanage-2.1.10-16.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                       71/85
  Verifying  : libseccomp-2.1.1-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          72/85
  Verifying  : libsepol-2.1.9-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                            73/85
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-python-libs-2.02.115-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                               74/85
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   75/85
  Verifying  : selinux-policy-3.13.1-23.0.1.el7.noarch                                                                                                                                                                                76/85
  Verifying  : libselinux-2.2.2-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          77/85
  Verifying  : 1:redhat-release-server-7.1-1.0.2.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                           78/85
  Verifying  : libgudev1-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                        79/85
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-2.02.115-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                           80/85
  Verifying  : 7:lvm2-libs-2.02.115-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      81/85
  Verifying  : 7:device-mapper-libs-1.02.93-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                              82/85
  Verifying  : device-mapper-persistent-data-0.4.1-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                       83/85
  Verifying  : selinux-policy-targeted-3.13.1-23.0.1.el7.noarch                                                                                                                                                                       84/85
  Verifying  : systemd-208-20.0.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          85/85

Installed:
  docker-engine.x86_64 0:18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7

Dependency Installed:
  container-selinux.noarch 2:2.77-5.el7     containerd.x86_64 0:1.2.0-1.0.5.el7               criu.x86_64 0:3.9-5.el7     docker-cli.x86_64 0:18.09.1.ol-1.0.5.el7     libnet.x86_64 0:1.1.6-7.el7     lz4.x86_64 0:1.7.5-2.0.1.el7
  protobuf-c.x86_64 0:1.0.2-3.el7           runc.x86_64 0:1.0.0-19.rc5.git4bb1fe4.0.3.el7

Updated:
  dracut.x86_64 0:033-554.0.3.el7                   initscripts.x86_64 0:9.49.46-1.0.1.el7                   oraclelinux-release.x86_64 7:7.6-1.0.15.el7                   redhat-release-server.x86_64 1:7.6-4.0.1.el7

Dependency Updated:
  cryptsetup.x86_64 0:2.0.3-3.el7                              cryptsetup-libs.x86_64 0:2.0.3-3.el7                          cryptsetup-python.x86_64 0:2.0.3-3.el7                  device-mapper.x86_64 7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8
  device-mapper-event.x86_64 7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8         device-mapper-event-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8     device-mapper-libs.x86_64 7:1.02.149-10.0.3.el7_6.8     device-mapper-persistent-data.x86_64 0:0.7.3-3.el7
  dracut-config-rescue.x86_64 0:033-554.0.3.el7                dracut-network.x86_64 0:033-554.0.3.el7                       glib2.x86_64 0:2.56.1-4.el7_6                           kmod.x86_64 0:20-23.0.1.el7
  libgudev1.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7                        libnl3.x86_64 0:3.2.28-4.el7                                  libnl3-cli.x86_64 0:3.2.28-4.el7                        libseccomp.x86_64 0:2.3.1-3.el7
  libselinux.x86_64 0:2.5-14.1.el7                             libselinux-python.x86_64 0:2.5-14.1.el7                       libselinux-utils.x86_64 0:2.5-14.1.el7                  libsemanage.x86_64 0:2.5-14.el7
  libsemanage-python.x86_64 0:2.5-14.el7                       libsepol.x86_64 0:2.5-10.el7                                  lvm2.x86_64 7:2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8                   lvm2-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8
  lvm2-python-libs.x86_64 7:2.02.180-10.0.3.el7_6.8            policycoreutils.x86_64 0:2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1                   policycoreutils-python.x86_64 0:2.5-29.0.1.el7_6.1      selinux-policy.noarch 0:3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12
  selinux-policy-targeted.noarch 0:3.13.1-229.0.3.el7_6.12     setools-libs.x86_64 0:3.3.8-4.el7                             systemd.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7                     systemd-libs.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7
  systemd-python.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7                   systemd-sysv.x86_64 0:219-62.0.4.el7_6.7

Complete!

一旦安装完成,就可以启动docker服务

[root@localhost soft]# service docker start
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl start docker.service

[root@localhost soft]# systemctl enable docker

[root@localhost soft]# service docker status
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl status docker.service
鈼[0m docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d
           鈹斺攢docker-sysconfig.conf
   Active: active (running) since Mon 2019-06-10 23:15:05 CST; 6h left
     Docs: https://docs.docker.com
 Main PID: 1452 (dockerd)
   Memory: 132.2M
   CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service
           鈹溾攢1452 /usr/bin/dockerd --selinux-enabled --storage-driver devicemapper --storage-opt dm.basesize=25G
           鈹斺攢2436 containerd --config /var/run/docker/containerd/containerd.toml --log-level info

Jun 10 23:15:03 localhost.localdomain dockerd[1452]: time="2019-06-10T23:15:03.843382248+08:00" level=info msg="Successfully created filesystem xfs on device docker-253:0-1047242-base" storage-driver=devicemapper
Jun 10 23:15:04 localhost.localdomain dockerd[1452]: time="2019-06-10T23:15:04.076789613+08:00" level=info msg="Graph migration to content-addressability took 0.00 seconds"
Jun 10 23:15:04 localhost.localdomain dockerd[1452]: time="2019-06-10T23:15:04.078665673+08:00" level=warning msg="mountpoint for pids not found"
Jun 10 23:15:04 localhost.localdomain dockerd[1452]: time="2019-06-10T23:15:04.079906275+08:00" level=info msg="Loading containers: start."
Jun 10 23:15:04 localhost.localdomain dockerd[1452]: time="2019-06-10T23:15:04.554467519+08:00" level=info msg="Default bridge (docker0) is assigned with an IP address 172.17.0.0/16. Daemon option --bip can be used to...rred IP address"
Jun 10 23:15:04 localhost.localdomain dockerd[1452]: time="2019-06-10T23:15:04.859786800+08:00" level=info msg="Loading containers: done."
Jun 10 23:15:04 localhost.localdomain dockerd[1452]: time="2019-06-10T23:15:04.959099871+08:00" level=info msg="Docker daemon" commit=c3ab8a8 graphdriver(s)=devicemapper version=18.09.1-ol
Jun 10 23:15:04 localhost.localdomain dockerd[1452]: time="2019-06-10T23:15:04.959938124+08:00" level=info msg="Daemon has completed initialization"
Jun 10 23:15:05 localhost.localdomain dockerd[1452]: time="2019-06-10T23:15:05.053166130+08:00" level=info msg="API listen on /var/run/docker.sock"
Jun 10 23:15:05 localhost.localdomain systemd[1]: Started Docker Application Container Engine.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.

然后可以下载镜像文件

[root@localhost soft]# docker pull mysql/mysql-server:5.7
Trying to pull repository docker.io/mysql/mysql-server ...
5.7: Pulling from docker.io/mysql/mysql-server
35defbf6c365: Pull complete
0fa46ab0f51d: Pull complete
f70f5000008c: Pull complete
892ac46af8c0: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:ddb046076781a15200d36cb01f8f512431c3481bedebd5e92646d8c617ae212c
Status: Downloaded newer image for mysql/mysql-server:5.7
[root@localhost soft]# docker images
REPOSITORY           TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
mysql/mysql-server   5.7                 857eadf53a54        6 weeks ago         258MB



使用Docker来部署MySQL
下载MySQL Server Docker镜像文件
严格来说,不需要在单独的步骤中下载服务器镜像,但是,在创建Docker容器之前执行此步骤可以确保本地映像是最新的。为了下载MySQL社区版镜像,执行以下命令:

docker pull mysql/mysql-server:tag

tag是你想要pull镜像版本的标识(例如,5.5,5.6,5.7,8.0或最新版本)。如果:tag被忽略,latest标记会被使用并且最新通用可用版本的MySQL社区版本镜像将会被下载。网址
https://hub.docker.com/r/mysql/mysql-server/tags/列出了所有可用版本信息.

[root@localhost soft]# docker pull mysql/mysql-server:5.7
Trying to pull repository docker.io/mysql/mysql-server ...
5.7: Pulling from docker.io/mysql/mysql-server
35defbf6c365: Pull complete
0fa46ab0f51d: Pull complete
f70f5000008c: Pull complete
892ac46af8c0: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:ddb046076781a15200d36cb01f8f512431c3481bedebd5e92646d8c617ae212c
Status: Downloaded newer image for mysql/mysql-server:5.7

如果要显示Docker镜像可以执行以下命令:

[root@localhost soft]# docker images
REPOSITORY           TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
mysql/mysql-server   5.7                 857eadf53a54        6 weeks ago         258MB

为了下载MySQL企业版本镜像,执行以下命令:

docker pull store/oracle/mysql-enterprise-server:5.7

5.7是我们想要pull的镜像版本。MySQL企业版本容器只提供了最新的通用可用版本5.7

启动MySQL Server实例
为MySQL社区版本服务器启动一个新的Docker容器执行以下命令:

[root@localhost ~]# docker run --name=mysql1 -d mysql/mysql-server:5.7
5128014e440f10c557b52e6203445a01c97728e432d0f231c6027bf4b15520bd

为MySQL企业版本服务器启动一个新的Docker容器执行以下命令:

docker run --name=mysql1 -d store/oracle/mysql-enterprise-server:tag

–name选项,用来为你的服务容器指定名字(例如mysql1),它是可选项。如果没有提供容器名,会生成一个随机容器名。如果之前的docker pull或docker run命令所指定名称或标记的Docker镜像没有下载,那么镜像现在就会被下载。在下载完成后,开始初始化容器,并且当你执行docker ps命令时容器会出现在正在运行的容器列表中。例如:

[root@localhost ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                    COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                             PORTS                 NAMES
5128014e440f        mysql/mysql-server:5.7   "/entrypoint.sh mysq鈥   42 seconds ago      Up 39 seconds (health: starting)   3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql1

IMAGE列的输出对于MySQL社区版本读取的值为mysql/mysql-server,对于MySQL企业版本读取的值为store/oracle/mysql-enterprise-server。
容器初始化可能会花费一些时间。当服务准备好使用时,docker ps命令输出的STATUS列将从(health: starting)改变为(healthy)。

在上面的docker run命令中-d选项使容器在后台运行。使用下面的命令可以监控容器的输出信息:

[root@localhost ~]# docker logs mysql1
[Entrypoint] MySQL Docker Image 5.7.26-1.1.11
[Entrypoint] No password option specified for new database.
[Entrypoint]   A random onetime password will be generated.
[Entrypoint] Initializing database
[Entrypoint] Database initialized
Warning: Unable to load '/usr/share/zoneinfo/iso3166.tab' as time zone. Skipping it.
Warning: Unable to load '/usr/share/zoneinfo/leapseconds' as time zone. Skipping it.
Warning: Unable to load '/usr/share/zoneinfo/tzdata.zi' as time zone. Skipping it.
Warning: Unable to load '/usr/share/zoneinfo/zone.tab' as time zone. Skipping it.
Warning: Unable to load '/usr/share/zoneinfo/zone1970.tab' as time zone. Skipping it.
[Entrypoint] GENERATED ROOT PASSWORD: 3z[omLAk4Jaz@sYxDiLYnyPySYfR

[Entrypoint] ignoring /docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/*

[Entrypoint] Server shut down
[Entrypoint] Setting root user as expired. Password will need to be changed before database can be used.

[Entrypoint] MySQL init process done. Ready for start up.

[Entrypoint] Starting MySQL 5.7.26-1.1.11

一旦初始化完成,命令的输出将会包含为root用户生成随机密码的信息,也可以执行下面的命令来检查密码:

[root@localhost ~]# docker logs mysql1 2>&1 | grep GENERATED
[Entrypoint] GENERATED ROOT PASSWORD: 3z[omLAk4Jaz@sYxDiLYnyPySYfR

在容器中连接MySQL服务器
一旦服务可以使用后,可以在刚刚启动的MySQL服务容器中运行mysql客户端程序并连接到MySQL服务。在刚刚启动的Docker容器中使用docker exec -it命令来启动mysql客户端程序,例如:

[root@localhost ~]# docker exec -it mysql1 mysql -uroot -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 107
Server version: 5.7.26

Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql>

在执行上面的命令时需要输入root用户生成的密码。因为mysql_onetime_password选项缺省情况为true(对于MySQL社区版本来说),在mysql客户端连接到MySQL服务后,必须要通过执行以下命令来修改root用户的密码:

mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

一旦修改密码后,MySQL服务就可以使用。

容器Shell访问
为了使用shell访问你的MySQL服务器容器,在容器中使用docker exec -it命令来启动bash shell:

[root@localhost ~]# docker exec -it mysql1 bash
bash-4.2#

在启动bash shell后,在容器中可以运行linux命令,例如,为了查看容器中的MySQL数据库的数据目录中的内容,执行以下命令:

bash-4.2# ls /var/lib/mysql
auto.cnf    ca.pem           client-key.pem  ib_logfile0  ibdata1  mysql       mysql.sock.lock     private_key.pem  server-cert.pem  sys
ca-key.pem  client-cert.pem  ib_buffer_pool  ib_logfile1  ibtmp1   mysql.sock  performance_schema  public_key.pem   server-key.pem

停止与删除一个MySQL容器
为了停止已经创建的MySQL服务容器执行下面的命令:

[root@localhost ~]# docker stop mysql1
mysql1
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps -l
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                    COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                     PORTS               NAMES
5128014e440f        mysql/mysql-server:5.7   "/entrypoint.sh mysql"   21 hours ago        Exited (0) 8 seconds ago                       mysql1

docker stop将发送一个SIGTERM信号给mysqld进程,因此服务将被优雅的关闭。
还可以观察到当一个容器的主进程(一个MySQL服务容器的主进程为mysqld)被关闭,Docker容器也会自动关闭。

启动MySQL服务容器:

[root@localhost ~]# docker start mysql1
mysql1
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps -l
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                    COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                            PORTS                 NAMES
5128014e440f        mysql/mysql-server:5.7   "/entrypoint.sh mysql"   22 hours ago        Up 5 seconds (health: starting)   3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql1
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps -l
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                    COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                             PORTS                 NAMES
5128014e440f        mysql/mysql-server:5.7   "/entrypoint.sh mysql"   22 hours ago        Up 15 seconds (health: starting)   3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql1
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps -l
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                    COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                             PORTS                 NAMES
5128014e440f        mysql/mysql-server:5.7   "/entrypoint.sh mysql"   22 hours ago        Up 21 seconds (health: starting)   3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql1
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps -l
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                    COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                    PORTS                 NAMES
5128014e440f        mysql/mysql-server:5.7   "/entrypoint.sh mysql"   22 hours ago        Up 32 seconds (healthy)   3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql1

为了使用单个命令停止与再次启动MySQL服务容器:

[root@localhost ~]# docker restart mysql1
mysql1
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                    COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                            PORTS                 NAMES
5128014e440f        mysql/mysql-server:5.7   "/entrypoint.sh mysql"   24 hours ago        Up 6 seconds (health: starting)   3306/tcp, 33060/tcp   mysql1

为了删除MySQL容器,首先停止容器,然后再使用docker rm命令:

[root@localhost ~]# docker stop mysql1
mysql1
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps -l
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                    COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                      PORTS               NAMES
5128014e440f        mysql/mysql-server:5.7   "/entrypoint.sh mysq1"  24 hours ago        Exited (0) 12 seconds ago                       mysql1
[root@localhost ~]# docker rm mysql1
mysql1
[root@localhost ~]# docker ps -l
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES

为Docker优化MySQL的安装
MySQL的Docker映像针对代码大小进行了优化,这意味着它们只包含与大多数在Docker容器中运行MySQL实例的用户相关的关键组件。一个MySQL Docker安装与常见的非Docker安装在以下方面不同:
包含的二进制文件是有限的:

/usr/bin/my_print_defaults
/usr/bin/mysql
/usr/bin/mysql_config
/usr/bin/mysql_install_db
/usr/bin/mysql_tzinfo_to_sql
/usr/bin/mysql_upgrade
/usr/bin/mysqladmin
/usr/bin/mysqlcheck
/usr/bin/mysqldump
/usr/bin/mysqlpump
/usr/sbin/mysqld

所有的二进制文件被stripped;它们不包含调试信息。

配置MySQL Server
当你启动MySQL Docker容器时,可以通过docker run命令来传递配置选项给服务,例如,对于MySQL社区版本服务器

docker run --name mysql1 -d mysql/mysql-server:5.7 --character-set-server=utf8mb4 --collation-server=utf8mb4_col

对于MySQL企业版本服务器:

docker run --name mysql1 -d store/oracle/mysql-enterprise-server --character-set-server=utf8mb4 --collation-server=utf8mb4_col

命令以utf8mb4作为默认字符集和utf8mb4col作为您的数据库的默认排序启动MySQL服务器。另一种配置MySQL服务器的方法是准备一个配置文件,并将其挂载到容器内的服务器配置文件的位置。有关详细信息,请参阅持久数据和配置更改。

持久数据和配置更改
Docker容器在原则上是临时的,如果容器被删除或损坏,任何数据或配置都将丢失(参见讨论)。然而,Docker卷提供了一种机制,可以在Docker容器中保存数据。在初始化时,MySQL服务器容器为服务器数据目录创建Docker卷。运行docker检查容器命令的JSON输出有一个挂载键,其值提供数据目录卷的信息:

[root@localhost ~]# docker inspect mysql1
...
"Mounts": [
            {
                "Type": "volume",
                "Name": "a74fb4e3348635ddc0b3eb32e3f82b4feb38eeadd8d5b3ae60b4389ab83a86d8",
                "Source": "/var/lib/docker/volumes/a74fb4e3348635ddc0b3eb32e3f82b4feb38eeadd8d5b3ae60b4389ab83a86d8/_data",
                "Destination": "/var/lib/mysql",
                "Driver": "local",
                "Mode": "",
                "RW": true,
                "Propagation": ""
            }
        ],
...

输出显示源文件夹
/var/lib/docker/volumes/a74fb4e3348635ddc0b3eb32e3f82b4feb38eeadd8d5b3ae60b4389ab83a86d8/_data将数据持久化到主机上的数据,已经安装在/var/lib/mysql中,容器内的服务器数据目录。

保存数据的另一种方法是在创建容器时使用 –mount 选项挂载主机目录。同样的技术可以用来持久化服务器的配置。
下面的命令创建一个MySQL服务器容器,并将数据目录和服务器配置文件绑定在一起:

docker run --name=mysql1 \
--mount type=bind,src=/path-on-host-machine/my.cnf,dst=/etc/my.cnf \
--mount type=bind,src=/path-on-host-machine/datadir,dst=/var/lib/mysql \
-d mysql/mysql-server:tag

配置文件path-on-host-machine/my.cnf必须存在,同时包含指定的用户:

[mysqld]
user=mysql

path-on-host-machine.datadir目录必须存在。要发生服务器初始化,目录必须是空的。您还可以安装一个带有数据的目录,并使用它启动服务器;但是,您必须确保启动Docker容器,其配置与创建数据的服务器具有相同的配置,并且启动容器时所需的任何主机文件或目录都被安装。

运行额外的初始化脚本
如果您想在创建后立即在数据库上运行任何.sh或.sql脚本,您可以将它们放入主机目录中,然后mount目录在/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d

docker run --name=mysql1 \
--mount type=bind,src=/path-on-host-machine/scripts/,dst=/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/ \
-d mysql/mysql-server:tag

对于MySQL企业版本服务器容器:

docker run --name=mysql1 \
--mount type=bind,src=/path-on-host-machine/scripts/,dst=/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/ \
-d store/oracle/mysql-enterprise-server:tag

从另一个Docker容器中的应用程序连接到MySQL
通过建立一个Docker网络,你可以让多个Docker容器相互通信,这样,在另一个Docker容器中的客户端应用程序就可以在服务器容器中访问MySQL服务器。首先,创建一个Docker网络:

docker network create my-custom-net

然后,当您创建并启动服务器和客户端容器时,使用-network选项将它们放在您创建的网络上。例如:

docker run --name=mysql1 --network=my-custom-net -d mysql/mysql-server
docker run --name=myapp1 --network=my-custom-net -d myapp

当使用MySQL企业版本服务器容器:

docker run --name=mysql1 --network=my-custom-net -d store/oracle/mysql-enterprise-server
docker run --name=myapp1 --network=my-custom-net -d myapp

myapp1容器随后可以与mysql1主机连接到mysql1容器,反之亦然,因为Docker会自动为给定的容器名称设置一个DNS。在下面的例子中,我们从myapp1容器中运行mysql客户端,以便在自己的容器中连接主机mysql1:

docker exec -it myapp1 mysql --host=mysql1 --user=myuser --password
Proudly powered by WordPress | Indrajeet by Sus Hill.