Oracle Linux 7.1 silent install 19C RAC

一·系统环境规则
1.1网络架构

                                    节点1                    节点2
主机名                               19c1                     19c2 
Private IP                          10.10.10.141             10.10.10.142 
Public IP                           10.13.13.141             10.13.13.142
VIP                                 10.13.13.143             10.13.13.144
SCANIP                              10.13.13.145/146/147 
SCAN_NAME                           scan-19c

1.2 存储

共享磁盘         ASM磁盘                ASM磁盘组              大小              冗余
/dev/sdb        /dev/asmdisk1          OCR                   50G               外部
/dev/sdc       /dev/asmdisk2           DATA                  60G               外部

1.3 软件版本

操作系统:Oracle Linux 7.1
集群软件: Oracle Clusterware 19.3.0
数据库软件:Oracle Database Enterprise 19.3.0

二·安装环境准备
2.1修改主机名和IP地址
修改主机名

[root@localhost ~]# hostnamectl set-hostname 19c1
[root@localhost ~]# hostnamectl set-hostname 19c2

2.2修改Private IP地址

[root@19c1 ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens192
HWADDR=00:50:56:A3:10:82
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
IPADDR=10.10.10.141
PREFIX=24
GATEWAY=10.10.10.1
DEFROUTE=yes
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=no
IPV6INIT=yes
IPV6_AUTOCONF=no
IPV6_DEFROUTE=yes
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL=no
NAME=ens192
UUID=7d9faf7c-d74c-41da-b02e-8703dfb8ef20
DEVICE=ens192
ONBOOT=no

[root@19c2 ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens192
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
DEFROUTE=yes
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=no
IPV6INIT=yes
IPV6_AUTOCONF=yes
IPV6_DEFROUTE=yes
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL=no
NAME=ens192
UUID=752d38b2-aa25-4f94-9232-df2edb36ed79
ONBOOT=yes
DEVICE=ens192
IPADDR=10.10.10.142
PREFIX=24
GATEWAY=10.10.10.1
IPV6_PEERDNS=yes
IPV6_PEERROUTES=yes

2.3 修改Public IP地址

[root@19c1 ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens160
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
DEFROUTE=yes
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=no
IPV6INIT=no
IPV6_AUTOCONF=yes
IPV6_DEFROUTE=yes
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL=no
NAME=ens160
UUID=073349c5-40bc-4a0d-b1e6-44a935689d41
DEVICE=ens160
ONBOOT=yes
IPV6_PEERDNS=yes
IPV6_PEERROUTES=yes
IPV6_PRIVACY=no
IPADDR=10.13.13.141
PREFIX=24
GATEWAY=10.13.13.254

[root@19c2 ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-ens160
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
DEFROUTE=yes
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=no
IPV6INIT=no
IPV6_AUTOCONF=yes
IPV6_DEFROUTE=yes
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL=no
NAME=ens160
UUID=073349c5-40bc-4a0d-b1e6-44a935689d41
DEVICE=ens160
ONBOOT=yes
IPV6_PEERDNS=yes
IPV6_PEERROUTES=yes
IPV6_PRIVACY=no
IPADDR=10.13.13.142
PREFIX=24
GATEWAY=10.13.13.254

2.4 关闭时间同步服务

[root@19c1 ~]# systemctl stop chronyd
[root@19c1 ~]# systemctl disable chronyd
rm '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/chronyd.service'
[root@19c1 ~]# mv /etc/chrony.conf /etc/chrony.conf.bak

[root@19c2 ~]# systemctl stop chronyd
[root@19c2 ~]# systemctl disable chronyd
rm '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/chronyd.service'
[root@19c2 ~]# mv /etc/chrony.conf /etc/chrony.conf.bak

2.5关闭防火墙和SELinux

[root@19c1 ~]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@19c1 ~]# systemctl disable firewalld
rm '/etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service'
rm '/etc/systemd/system/basic.target.wants/firewalld.service'
[root@19c1 ~]# setenforce 0
[root@19c1 ~]# sed -i "/^SELINUX=/s#enforcing#disabled#" /etc/selinux/config
[root@19c1 ~]# cat /etc/selinux/config

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
# enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
# permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
# disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of three two values:
# targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
# minimum - Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected. 
# mls - Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted


[root@19c2 ~]# systemctl stop chronyd
[root@19c2 ~]# systemctl disable chronyd
rm '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/chronyd.service'
[root@19c2 ~]# mv /etc/chrony.conf /etc/chrony.conf.bak
[root@19c2 ~]# setenforce 0
[root@19c2 ~]# sed -i "/^SELINUX=/s#enforcing#disabled#" /etc/selinux/config
[root@19c2 ~]# cat /etc/selinux/config

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
# enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
# permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
# disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of three two values:
# targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
# minimum - Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected. 
# mls - Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

2.6 配置本地YUM

[root@19c1 ~]# ls -lrt /etc/yum.repos.d/
total 4
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 2323 Feb 16 2015 public-yum-ol7.repo

[root@19c1 ~]# mv /etc/yum.repos.d/public-yum-ol7.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/public-yum-ol7.repo.bak
[root@19c1 ~]# mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/
mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
[root@19c1 ~]# cat >> /etc/yum.repos.d/jy.repo < [base]
> name=jy
> baseurl=file:///mnt
> enabled=1
> gpgcheck=0
> multilib_policy=all
> EOF
[root@19c1 ~]# cat /etc/yum.repos.d/jy.repo
[base]
name=jy
baseurl=file:///mnt
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
multilib_policy=all
[root@19c1 ~]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Cleaning repos: base ol7_UEKR3 ol7_latest
Cleaning up everything
[root@19c1 ~]# yum makecache
Loaded plugins: langpacks
base | 3.6 kB 00:00:00 
(1/4): base/group_gz | 134 kB 00:00:00 
(2/4): base/filelists_db | 3.4 MB 00:00:00 
(3/4): base/primary_db | 4.0 MB 00:00:00 
(4/4): base/other_db | 1.3 MB 00:00:00 
Metadata Cache Created

[root@19c2 ~]# ls -lrt /etc/yum.repos.d/
total 4
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 2323 Feb 16 2015 public-yum-ol7.repo
[root@19c2 ~]# mv /etc/yum.repos.d/public-yum-ol7.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/public-yum-ol7.repo.bak
[root@19c2 ~]# mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/
mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
[root@19c2 ~]# cat >> /etc/yum.repos.d/jy.repo < [base]
> name=jy
> baseurl=file:///mnt
> enabled=1
> gpgcheck=0
> multilib_policy=all
> EOF
[root@19c2 ~]# cat /etc/yum.repos.d/jy.repo
[base]
name=jy
baseurl=file:///mnt
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
multilib_policy=all
[root@19c2 ~]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Cleaning repos: base
Cleaning up everything

[root@19c2 ~]# yum makecache
Loaded plugins: langpacks
base | 3.6 kB 00:00:00 
(1/4): base/group_gz | 134 kB 00:00:00 
(2/4): base/filelists_db | 3.4 MB 00:00:00 
(3/4): base/primary_db | 4.0 MB 00:00:00 
(4/4): base/other_db | 1.3 MB 00:00:00 
Metadata Cache Created

2.7 禁用NTP

[root@19c1 ~]# systemctl stop ntpd.service
[root@19c1 ~]# systemctl disable ntpd.service

[root@19c2 ~]# systemctl stop ntpd.service
[root@19c2 ~]# systemctl disable ntpd.service

2.8创建用户和组
创建用户组

[root@19c1 ~]# systemctl stop ntpd.service
[root@19c1 ~]# systemctl disable ntpd.service
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54321 oinstall
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54322 dba
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54323 oper
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54324 backupdba
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54325 dgdba
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54326 kmdba
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54327 asmdba
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54328 asmoper
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54329 asmadmin
[root@19c1 ~]# groupadd -g 54330 racdba

[root@19c1 ~]# grep 543 /etc/group
dba:x:54322:
oper:x:54323:
backupdba:x:54324:
dgdba:x:54325:
kmdba:x:54326:
asmdba:x:54327:
asmoper:x:54328:
asmadmin:x:54329:
racdba:x:54330:
oinstall:x:54321:

[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54321 oinstall
[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54322 dba
[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54323 oper
[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54324 backupdba
[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54325 dgdba
[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54326 kmdba
[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54327 asmdba
[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54328 asmoper
[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54329 asmadmin
[root@19c2 ~]# groupadd -g 54330 racdba

[root@19c2 ~]# grep 543 /etc/group
dba:x:54322:
oper:x:54323:
backupdba:x:54324:
dgdba:x:54325:
kmdba:x:54326:
asmdba:x:54327:
asmoper:x:54328:
asmadmin:x:54329:
racdba:x:54330:
oinstall:x:54321:

创建用户

[root@19c1 ~]# useradd -u 54322 -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,racdba grid
[root@19c1 ~]# useradd -g oinstall -G dba,asmdba,backupdba,dgdba,kmdba,racdba,oper oracle
[root@19c1 ~]# passwd grid
Changing password for user grid.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
[root@19c1 ~]# passwd oracle
Changing password for user oracle.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

[root@19c2 ~]# useradd -u 54322 -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,racdba grid
[root@19c2 ~]# useradd -g oinstall -G dba,asmdba,backupdba,dgdba,kmdba,racdba,oper oracle
[root@19c2 ~]# passwd grid
Changing password for user grid.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
[root@19c2 ~]# passwd oracle
Changing password for user oracle.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
[root@19c2 ~]#

2.9创建相关目录

[root@19c1 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/tmp
[root@19c1 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/19.3/grid
[root@19c1 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/grid
[root@19c1 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db
[root@19c1 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory
[root@19c1 ~]# chown -R grid:oinstall /u01
[root@19c1 ~]# chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle
[root@19c1 ~]# chmod -R 775 /u01/

[root@19c2 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/tmp
[root@19c2 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/19.3/grid
[root@19c2 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/grid
[root@19c2 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db
[root@19c2 ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory
[root@19c2 ~]# chown -R grid:oinstall /u01
[root@19c2 ~]# chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle
[root@19c2 ~]# chmod -R 775 /u01/

2.10 安装软件包

[root@19c1 ~]# yum install -y bc binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libXrender libXrender-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools nfs-utils python python-configshell python-rtslib python-six targetcli smartmontools sysstat gcc c-c++ gcc-info gcc-locale gcc48 gcc48-info gcc48-locale gcc48-c++
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Package bc-1.06.95-13.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package binutils-2.23.52.0.1-30.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
No package compat-libstdc++ available. --后面要单独安装这个包
Package elfutils-libelf-0.160-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package glibc-devel-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libaio-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libX11-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXrender-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libstdc++-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libstdc++-devel-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libxcb-1.9-5.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:make-3.82-21.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:nfs-utils-1.3.0-0.8.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package python-2.7.5-16.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:python-configshell-1.1.fb14-1.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package python-rtslib-2.1.fb50-1.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package python-six-1.3.0-4.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package targetcli-2.1.fb37-3.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package 1:smartmontools-6.2-4.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package sysstat-10.1.5-7.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package gcc-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
No package c-c++ available.
No package gcc-info available.
No package gcc-locale available.
No package gcc48 available.
No package gcc48-info available.
No package gcc48-locale available.
No package gcc48-c++ available.
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package elfutils-libelf-devel.x86_64 0:0.160-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package fontconfig-devel.x86_64 0:2.10.95-7.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: freetype-devel >= 2.1.4 for package: fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(freetype2) for package: fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(expat) for package: fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64
---> Package ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-22.el7 will be installed
---> Package libXrender-devel.x86_64 0:0.9.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(renderproto) >= 0.9 for package: libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xproto) for package: libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(x11) for package: libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-12.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package expat-devel.x86_64 0:2.1.0-8.el7 will be installed
---> Package freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.4.11-9.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: zlib-devel for package: freetype-devel-2.4.11-9.el7.x86_64
---> Package libX11-devel.x86_64 0:1.6.0-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xcb) >= 1.1.92 for package: libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xcb) for package: libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package xorg-x11-proto-devel.noarch 0:7.7-8.el7.1 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libxcb-devel.x86_64 0:1.9-5.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xau) >= 0.99.2 for package: libxcb-devel-1.9-5.el7.x86_64
---> Package zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-13.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libXau-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Package Arch Version Repository Size
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
elfutils-libelf-devel x86_64 0.160-1.el7 base 34 k
fontconfig-devel x86_64 2.10.95-7.el7 base 127 k
ksh x86_64 20120801-22.el7 base 879 k
libXrender-devel x86_64 0.9.8-2.1.el7 base 16 k
libaio-devel x86_64 0.3.109-12.el7 base 12 k
Installing for dependencies:
expat-devel x86_64 2.1.0-8.el7 base 56 k
freetype-devel x86_64 2.4.11-9.el7 base 354 k
libX11-devel x86_64 1.6.0-2.1.el7 base 978 k
libXau-devel x86_64 1.0.8-2.1.el7 base 14 k
libxcb-devel x86_64 1.9-5.el7 base 1.0 M
xorg-x11-proto-devel noarch 7.7-8.el7.1 base 280 k
zlib-devel x86_64 1.2.7-13.el7 base 49 k

Transaction Summary
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Install 5 Packages (+7 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 3.7 M
Installed size: 12 M
Downloading packages:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total 13 MB/s | 3.7 MB 00:00:00 
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Installing : xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.7-8.el7.1.noarch 1/12 
Installing : libXau-devel-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 2/12 
Installing : libxcb-devel-1.9-5.el7.x86_64 3/12 
Installing : libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64 4/12 
Installing : expat-devel-2.1.0-8.el7.x86_64 5/12 
Installing : zlib-devel-1.2.7-13.el7.x86_64 6/12 
Installing : freetype-devel-2.4.11-9.el7.x86_64 7/12 
Installing : fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64 8/12 
Installing : libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 9/12 
Installing : libaio-devel-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64 10/12 
Installing : elfutils-libelf-devel-0.160-1.el7.x86_64 11/12 
Installing : ksh-20120801-22.el7.x86_64 12/12 
Verifying : ksh-20120801-22.el7.x86_64 1/12 
Verifying : libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 2/12 
Verifying : zlib-devel-1.2.7-13.el7.x86_64 3/12 
Verifying : libxcb-devel-1.9-5.el7.x86_64 4/12 
Verifying : libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64 5/12 
Verifying : expat-devel-2.1.0-8.el7.x86_64 6/12 
Verifying : xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.7-8.el7.1.noarch 7/12 
Verifying : elfutils-libelf-devel-0.160-1.el7.x86_64 8/12 
Verifying : libaio-devel-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64 9/12 
Verifying : fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64 10/12 
Verifying : freetype-devel-2.4.11-9.el7.x86_64 11/12 
Verifying : libXau-devel-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 12/12

Installed:
elfutils-libelf-devel.x86_64 0:0.160-1.el7 fontconfig-devel.x86_64 0:2.10.95-7.el7 ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-22.el7 libXrender-devel.x86_64 0:0.9.8-2.1.el7 libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-12.el7

Dependency Installed:
expat-devel.x86_64 0:2.1.0-8.el7 freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.4.11-9.el7 libX11-devel.x86_64 0:1.6.0-2.1.el7 libXau-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 libxcb-devel.x86_64 0:1.9-5.el7 xorg-x11-proto-devel.noarch 0:7.7-8.el7.1 
zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-13.el7

Complete!

安装compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686.rpm,因为名字带有版本信息

[root@19c1 ~]# yum install compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-72.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libm.so.6 for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GLIBC_2.0) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GCC_3.3) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GCC_3.0) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1 for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.3) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Running transaction check
---> Package glibc.i686 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so(NSSRAWHASH_3.12.3) for package: glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so for package: glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686
---> Package libgcc.i686 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.16.2.3-9.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Package Arch Version Repository Size
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
compat-libstdc++-33 i686 3.2.3-72.el7 base 196 k
Installing for dependencies:
glibc i686 2.17-78.0.1.el7 base 4.2 M
libgcc i686 4.8.3-9.el7 base 99 k
nss-softokn-freebl i686 3.16.2.3-9.el7 base 186 k

Transaction Summary
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Install 1 Package (+3 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 4.6 M
Installed size: 16 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total 26 MB/s | 4.6 MB 00:00:00 
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Installing : libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.i686 1/4 
Installing : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-9.el7.i686 2/4 
Installing : glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686 3/4 
Installing : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686 4/4 
Verifying : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686 1/4 
Verifying : glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686 2/4 
Verifying : libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.i686 3/4 
Verifying : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-9.el7.i686 4/4

Installed:
compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-72.el7

Dependency Installed:
glibc.i686 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7 libgcc.i686 0:4.8.3-9.el7 nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.16.2.3-9.el7

Complete!


[root@19c2 ~]# yum install -y bc binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libXrender libXrender-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools nfs-utils python python-configshell python-rtslib python-six targetcli smartmontools sysstat gcc c-c++ gcc-info gcc-locale gcc48 gcc48-info gcc48-locale gcc48-c++
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Package bc-1.06.95-13.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package binutils-2.23.52.0.1-30.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
No package compat-libstdc++ available. --后面要单独安装这个包
Package elfutils-libelf-0.160-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package glibc-devel-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libaio-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libX11-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXrender-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libstdc++-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libstdc++-devel-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libxcb-1.9-5.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:make-3.82-21.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:nfs-utils-1.3.0-0.8.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package python-2.7.5-16.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:python-configshell-1.1.fb14-1.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package python-rtslib-2.1.fb50-1.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package python-six-1.3.0-4.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package targetcli-2.1.fb37-3.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package 1:smartmontools-6.2-4.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package sysstat-10.1.5-7.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package gcc-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
No package c-c++ available.
No package gcc-info available.
No package gcc-locale available.
No package gcc48 available.
No package gcc48-info available.
No package gcc48-locale available.
No package gcc48-c++ available.
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package elfutils-libelf-devel.x86_64 0:0.160-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package fontconfig-devel.x86_64 0:2.10.95-7.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: freetype-devel >= 2.1.4 for package: fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(freetype2) for package: fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(expat) for package: fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64
---> Package ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-22.el7 will be installed
---> Package libXrender-devel.x86_64 0:0.9.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(renderproto) >= 0.9 for package: libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xproto) for package: libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(x11) for package: libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-12.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package expat-devel.x86_64 0:2.1.0-8.el7 will be installed
---> Package freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.4.11-9.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: zlib-devel for package: freetype-devel-2.4.11-9.el7.x86_64
---> Package libX11-devel.x86_64 0:1.6.0-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xcb) >= 1.1.92 for package: libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xcb) for package: libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package xorg-x11-proto-devel.noarch 0:7.7-8.el7.1 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libxcb-devel.x86_64 0:1.9-5.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xau) >= 0.99.2 for package: libxcb-devel-1.9-5.el7.x86_64
---> Package zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-13.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libXau-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Package Arch Version Repository Size
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
elfutils-libelf-devel x86_64 0.160-1.el7 base 34 k
fontconfig-devel x86_64 2.10.95-7.el7 base 127 k
ksh x86_64 20120801-22.el7 base 879 k
libXrender-devel x86_64 0.9.8-2.1.el7 base 16 k
libaio-devel x86_64 0.3.109-12.el7 base 12 k
Installing for dependencies:
expat-devel x86_64 2.1.0-8.el7 base 56 k
freetype-devel x86_64 2.4.11-9.el7 base 354 k
libX11-devel x86_64 1.6.0-2.1.el7 base 978 k
libXau-devel x86_64 1.0.8-2.1.el7 base 14 k
libxcb-devel x86_64 1.9-5.el7 base 1.0 M
xorg-x11-proto-devel noarch 7.7-8.el7.1 base 280 k
zlib-devel x86_64 1.2.7-13.el7 base 49 k

Transaction Summary
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Install 5 Packages (+7 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 3.7 M
Installed size: 12 M
Downloading packages:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total 8.1 MB/s | 3.7 MB 00:00:00 
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Installing : xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.7-8.el7.1.noarch 1/12 
Installing : libXau-devel-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 2/12 
Installing : libxcb-devel-1.9-5.el7.x86_64 3/12 
Installing : libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64 4/12 
Installing : expat-devel-2.1.0-8.el7.x86_64 5/12 
Installing : zlib-devel-1.2.7-13.el7.x86_64 6/12 
Installing : freetype-devel-2.4.11-9.el7.x86_64 7/12 
Installing : fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64 8/12 
Installing : libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 9/12 
Installing : libaio-devel-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64 10/12 
Installing : elfutils-libelf-devel-0.160-1.el7.x86_64 11/12 
Installing : ksh-20120801-22.el7.x86_64 12/12 
Verifying : ksh-20120801-22.el7.x86_64 1/12 
Verifying : libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 2/12 
Verifying : zlib-devel-1.2.7-13.el7.x86_64 3/12 
Verifying : libxcb-devel-1.9-5.el7.x86_64 4/12 
Verifying : libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64 5/12 
Verifying : expat-devel-2.1.0-8.el7.x86_64 6/12 
Verifying : xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.7-8.el7.1.noarch 7/12 
Verifying : elfutils-libelf-devel-0.160-1.el7.x86_64 8/12 
Verifying : libaio-devel-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64 9/12 
Verifying : fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64 10/12 
Verifying : freetype-devel-2.4.11-9.el7.x86_64 11/12 
Verifying : libXau-devel-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 12/12

Installed:
elfutils-libelf-devel.x86_64 0:0.160-1.el7 fontconfig-devel.x86_64 0:2.10.95-7.el7 ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-22.el7 libXrender-devel.x86_64 0:0.9.8-2.1.el7 libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-12.el7

Dependency Installed:
expat-devel.x86_64 0:2.1.0-8.el7 freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.4.11-9.el7 libX11-devel.x86_64 0:1.6.0-2.1.el7 libXau-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 libxcb-devel.x86_64 0:1.9-5.el7 xorg-x11-proto-devel.noarch 0:7.7-8.el7.1 
zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-13.el7

Complete!

安装compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686.rpm,因为名字带有版本信息

[root@19c2 ~]# yum install compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-72.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libm.so.6 for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GLIBC_2.0) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GCC_3.3) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GCC_3.0) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1 for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.3) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Running transaction check
---> Package glibc.i686 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so(NSSRAWHASH_3.12.3) for package: glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so for package: glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686
---> Package libgcc.i686 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.16.2.3-9.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Package Arch Version Repository Size
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
compat-libstdc++-33 i686 3.2.3-72.el7 base 196 k
Installing for dependencies:
glibc i686 2.17-78.0.1.el7 base 4.2 M
libgcc i686 4.8.3-9.el7 base 99 k
nss-softokn-freebl i686 3.16.2.3-9.el7 base 186 k

Transaction Summary
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Install 1 Package (+3 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 4.6 M
Installed size: 16 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total 74 MB/s | 4.6 MB 00:00:00 
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Installing : libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.i686 1/4 
Installing : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-9.el7.i686 2/4 
Installing : glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686 3/4 
Installing : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686 4/4 
Verifying : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686 1/4 
Verifying : glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686 2/4 
Verifying : libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.i686 3/4 
Verifying : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-9.el7.i686 4/4

Installed:
compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-72.el7

Dependency Installed:
glibc.i686 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7 libgcc.i686 0:4.8.3-9.el7 nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.16.2.3-9.el7

Complete!

检查已经安装的软件包

[root@19c1 ~]# rpm -q --qf '%{NAME}-%{VERSION}-%{RELEASE} (%{ARCH})\n' bc binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libXrender libXrender-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools nfs-utils python python-configshell python-rtslib python-six targetcli smartmontools sysstat
bc-1.06.95-13.el7 (x86_64)
binutils-2.23.52.0.1-30.el7 (x86_64)
compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7 (x86_64)
package compat-libstdc++ is not installed
elfutils-libelf-0.160-1.el7 (x86_64)
elfutils-libelf-devel-0.160-1.el7 (x86_64)
fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7 (x86_64)
glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7 (x86_64)
glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7 (i686)
glibc-devel-2.17-78.0.1.el7 (x86_64)
ksh-20120801-22.el7 (x86_64)
libaio-0.3.109-12.el7 (x86_64)
libaio-devel-0.3.109-12.el7 (x86_64)
libX11-1.6.0-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXrender-0.9.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7 (x86_64)
libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7 (i686)
libstdc++-4.8.3-9.el7 (x86_64)
libstdc++-devel-4.8.3-9.el7 (x86_64)
libxcb-1.9-5.el7 (x86_64)
make-3.82-21.el7 (x86_64)
net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7 (x86_64)
nfs-utils-1.3.0-0.8.el7 (x86_64)
python-2.7.5-16.el7 (x86_64)
python-configshell-1.1.fb14-1.el7 (noarch)
python-rtslib-2.1.fb50-1.el7 (noarch)
python-six-1.3.0-4.el7 (noarch)
targetcli-2.1.fb37-3.el7 (noarch)
smartmontools-6.2-4.el7 (x86_64)
sysstat-10.1.5-7.el7 (x86_64)

[root@19c2 ~]# rpm -q --qf '%{NAME}-%{VERSION}-%{RELEASE} (%{ARCH})\n' bc binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libXrender libXrender-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools nfs-utils python python-configshell python-rtslib python-six targetcli smartmontools sysstat
bc-1.06.95-13.el7 (x86_64)
binutils-2.23.52.0.1-30.el7 (x86_64)
compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7 (x86_64)
package compat-libstdc++ is not installed
elfutils-libelf-0.160-1.el7 (x86_64)
elfutils-libelf-devel-0.160-1.el7 (x86_64)
fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7 (x86_64)
glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7 (x86_64)
glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7 (i686)
glibc-devel-2.17-78.0.1.el7 (x86_64)
ksh-20120801-22.el7 (x86_64)
libaio-0.3.109-12.el7 (x86_64)
libaio-devel-0.3.109-12.el7 (x86_64)
libX11-1.6.0-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXrender-0.9.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7 (x86_64)
libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7 (i686)
libstdc++-4.8.3-9.el7 (x86_64)
libstdc++-devel-4.8.3-9.el7 (x86_64)
libxcb-1.9-5.el7 (x86_64)
make-3.82-21.el7 (x86_64)
net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7 (x86_64)
nfs-utils-1.3.0-0.8.el7 (x86_64)
python-2.7.5-16.el7 (x86_64)
python-configshell-1.1.fb14-1.el7 (noarch)
python-rtslib-2.1.fb50-1.el7 (noarch)
python-six-1.3.0-4.el7 (noarch)
targetcli-2.1.fb37-3.el7 (noarch)
smartmontools-6.2-4.el7 (x86_64)
sysstat-10.1.5-7.el7 (x86_64)

2.11编辑hosts文件

[root@19c1 ~]# vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

#public-ip
10.13.13.141 19c1
10.13.13.142 19c2

#public-vip
10.13.13.143 19c1-vip
10.13.13.144 19c2-vip

#prive-ip
10.10.10.141 19c1-priv
10.10.10.142 19c2-priv

#scan-ip
10.13.13.145 scan-19c
10.13.13.146 scan-19c
10.13.13.147 scan-19c


[root@19c2 ~]# vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

#public-ip
10.13.13.141 19c1
10.13.13.142 19c2

#public-vip
10.13.13.143 19c1-vip
10.13.13.144 19c2-vip

#prive-ip
10.10.10.141 19c1-priv
10.10.10.142 19c2-priv

#scan-ip
10.13.13.145 scan-19c
10.13.13.146 scan-19c
10.13.13.147 scan-19c

2.12 修改系统内核参数

[root@19c1 ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network
# Created by anaconda
[root@19c1 ~]# cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf < kernel.shmall = 4294967296
> kernel.sem = 510 65280 510 128
> kernel.shmmni = 4096
> kernel.shmmax = 429496729500
> net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
> net.core.rmem_default = 1048576
> net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
> net.core.wmem_default = 262144
> net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
> fs.file-max = 6815744
> fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
> vm.swappiness = 0
> vm.dirty_background_ratio = 3
> vm.dirty_ratio = 80
> vm.dirty_expire_centisecs = 500
> vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 100
> net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0
> net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
> net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 0
> net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 262144
> net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4194304
> EOF

[root@19c2 ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network
# Created by anaconda
[root@19c2 ~]# cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf < kernel.shmall = 4294967296
> kernel.sem = 510 65280 510 128
> kernel.shmmni = 4096
> kernel.shmmax = 429496729500
> net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
> net.core.rmem_default = 1048576
> net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
> net.core.wmem_default = 262144
> net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
> fs.file-max = 6815744
> fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
> vm.swappiness = 0
> vm.dirty_background_ratio = 3
> vm.dirty_ratio = 80
> vm.dirty_expire_centisecs = 500
> vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 100
> net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0
> net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
> net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 0
> net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 262144
> net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4194304
> EOF

[root@19c1 ~]# sysctl -p
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
kernel.sem = 510 65280 510 128
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmmax = 429496729500
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 1048576
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
vm.swappiness = 0
vm.dirty_background_ratio = 3
vm.dirty_ratio = 80
vm.dirty_expire_centisecs = 500
vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 100
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4194304

[root@19c2 ~]# sysctl -p
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
kernel.sem = 510 65280 510 128
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmmax = 429496729500
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 1048576
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
vm.swappiness = 0
vm.dirty_background_ratio = 3
vm.dirty_ratio = 80
vm.dirty_expire_centisecs = 500
vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 100
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4194304

2.13 配置LIMITS限制参数

[root@19c1 ~]# cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf < oracle soft nproc 2047
> oracle hard nproc 16384
> oracle soft nofile 65536
> oracle hard nofile 65536
> oracle soft memlock 3145728
> oracle hard memlock 3145728
> oracle soft stack 10240
> oracle hard stack 32768
> 
> grid soft nproc 2047
> grid hard nproc 16384
> grid soft nofile 65536
> grid hard nofile 65536
> grid soft memlock 3145728
> grid hard memlock 3145728
> grid soft stack 10240
> grid hard stack 32768
> EOF

[root@19c2 ~]# cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf < oracle soft nproc 2047
> oracle hard nproc 16384
> oracle soft nofile 65536
> oracle hard nofile 65536
> oracle soft memlock 3145728
> oracle hard memlock 3145728
> oracle soft stack 10240
> oracle hard stack 32768
> 
> grid soft nproc 2047
> grid hard nproc 16384
> grid soft nofile 65536
> grid hard nofile 65536
> grid soft memlock 3145728
> grid hard memlock 3145728
> grid soft stack 10240
> grid hard stack 32768
> EOF

2.14配置PAM

[root@19c1 ~]# cat >> /etc/pam.d/login < session required /lib64/security/pam_limits.so 
> EOF

[root@19c2 ~]# cat >> /etc/pam.d/login < session required /lib64/security/pam_limits.so 
> EOF

2.15 配置系统环境变量

[root@19c1 ~]# cat >> /etc/pam.d/login < if [ \$USER = "oracle" ]; then 
> if [ \$SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
> ulimit -p 16384
> ulimit -n 65536
> else
> ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
> fi
> fi
> 
> if [ \$USER = "grid" ]; then 
> if [ \$SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
> ulimit -p 16384
> ulimit -n 65536
> else
> ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
> fi
> fi
> 
> EOF



[root@19c2 ~]# cat >> /etc/profile < if [ \$USER = "oracle" ]; then 
> if [ \$SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
> ulimit -p 16384
> ulimit -n 65536
> else
> ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
> fi
> fi
> 
> if [ \$USER = "grid" ]; then 
> if [ \$SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
> ulimit -p 16384
> ulimit -n 65536
> else
> ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
> fi
> fi
> 
> EOF

2.16 配置grid用户环境变量

[grid@19c1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

TEMP=/u01/tmp
TMPDIR=/u01/tmp
export TEMP TMPDIR
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=3.8.13
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/19.3/grid
export ORACLE_SID=+ASM1
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib
export CLASSPATH
umask=022
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib

[grid@19c2 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

TEMP=/u01/tmp
TMPDIR=/u01/tmp
export TEMP TMPDIR
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=3.8.13
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/19.3/grid
export ORACLE_SID=+ASM2
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib
export CLASSPATH
umask=022
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib

2.17 配置oracle用户环境变量

[oracle@19c1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

TEMP=/u01/tmp
TMPDIR=/u01/tmp
export TEMP TMPDIR
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=3.8.13
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db
export ORACLE_SID=ora19c1
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=ora19c
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib
export CLASSPATH
umask=022
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib


[oracle@19c2 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
. ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

TEMP=/u01/tmp
TMPDIR=/u01/tmp
export TEMP TMPDIR
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=3.8.13
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db
export ORACLE_SID=ora19c2
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=ora19c
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib
export CLASSPATH
umask=022
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib

2.18 配置ASM所需磁盘,编辑/etc/udev/rules.d/99-my-asmdevices.rules配置文件

[root@19c1 ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sdc: 64.4 GB, 64424509440 bytes, 125829120 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Disk /dev/sda: 85.9 GB, 85899345920 bytes, 167772160 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0001fbac

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1026048 167649279 83311616 8e Linux LVM

Disk /dev/sdb: 53.7 GB, 53687091200 bytes, 104857600 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Disk /dev/mapper/ol-root: 76.8 GB, 76843843584 bytes, 150085632 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Disk /dev/mapper/ol-swap: 8455 MB, 8455716864 bytes, 16515072 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

[root@19c1 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdb
36000c299fe61de641fb3c6a854adf1f7
[root@19c1 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdc
36000c29ad3aa426c31327dac0a2b2a01

[root@19c1 ~]# vi /etc/udev/rules.d/99-my-asmdevices.rules

KERNEL==”sd*[!0-9]”, ENV{DEVTYPE}==”disk”, SUBSYSTEM==”block”, PROGRAM==”/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d $devnode”, RESULT==”36000c299fe61de641fb3c6a854adf1f7″, RUN+=”/bin/sh -c ‘mknod /dev/asmdisk01 b $major $minor; chown grid:asmadmin /dev/asmdisk01; chmod 0660 /dev/asmdisk01′”
KERNEL==”sd*[!0-9]”, ENV{DEVTYPE}==”disk”, SUBSYSTEM==”block”, PROGRAM==”/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d $devnode”, RESULT==”36000c29ad3aa426c31327dac0a2b2a01″, RUN+=”/bin/sh -c ‘mknod /dev/asmdisk02 b $major $minor; chown grid:asmadmin /dev/asmdisk02; chmod 0660 /dev/asmdisk02′”

[root@19c1 ~]# /sbin/udevadm trigger –type=devices –action=change
[root@19c1 ~]# ls -lrt /dev/asm*
brw-rw—-. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 May 18 18:30 /dev/asmdisk01
brw-rw—-. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 May 18 18:30 /dev/asmdisk02

[root@19c2 ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sdb: 53.7 GB, 53687091200 bytes, 104857600 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Disk /dev/sda: 85.9 GB, 85899345920 bytes, 167772160 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk label type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x0001fbac

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 1026048 167649279 83311616 8e Linux LVM

Disk /dev/sdc: 64.4 GB, 64424509440 bytes, 125829120 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Disk /dev/mapper/ol-root: 76.8 GB, 76843843584 bytes, 150085632 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Disk /dev/mapper/ol-swap: 8455 MB, 8455716864 bytes, 16515072 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

[root@19c2 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdb
36000c299fe61de641fb3c6a854adf1f7
[root@19c2 ~]# /usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d /dev/sdc
36000c29ad3aa426c31327dac0a2b2a01

[root@19c2 ~]# vi /etc/udev/rules.d/99-my-asmdevices.rules
KERNEL==”sd*[!0-9]”, ENV{DEVTYPE}==”disk”, SUBSYSTEM==”block”, PROGRAM==”/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d $devnode”, RESULT==”36000c299fe61de641fb3c6a854adf1f7″, RUN+=”/bin/sh -c ‘mknod /dev/asmdisk01 b $major $minor; chown grid:asmadmin /dev/asmdisk01; chmod 0660 /dev/asmdisk01′”
KERNEL==”sd*[!0-9]”, ENV{DEVTYPE}==”disk”, SUBSYSTEM==”block”, PROGRAM==”/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d $devnode”, RESULT==”36000c29ad3aa426c31327dac0a2b2a01″, RUN+=”/bin/sh -c ‘mknod /dev/asmdisk02 b $major $minor; chown grid:asmadmin /dev/asmdisk02; chmod 0660 /dev/asmdisk02′”

[root@19c2 ~]# /sbin/udevadm trigger –type=devices –action=change
[root@19c2 ~]# ls -lrt /dev/asm*
brw-rw—-. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 May 18 18:30 /dev/asmdisk01
brw-rw—-. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 May 18 18:30 /dev/asmdisk02

2.19 禁用avahi
[root@19c1 /]# systemctl stop avahi-dnsconfd
Failed to issue method call: Unit avahi-dnsconfd.service not loaded.
[root@19c1 /]# systemctl stop avahi-daemon
Warning: Stopping avahi-daemon, but it can still be activated by:
avahi-daemon.socket
[root@19c1 /]# systemctl disable avahi-dnsconfd
[root@19c1 /]# systemctl disable avahi-daemon

[root@19c2 /]# systemctl stop avahi-dnsconfd
Failed to issue method call: Unit avahi-dnsconfd.service not loaded.
[root@19c2 /]# systemctl stop avahi-daemon
Warning: Stopping avahi-daemon, but it can still be activated by:
avahi-daemon.socket
[root@19c2 /]# systemctl disable avahi-dnsconfd
[root@19c2 /]# systemctl disable avahi-daemon

三·安装集群软件
3.1解压grid软件

[root@19c1 /]# su - grid
Last login: Mon May 18 18:15:15 CST 2020 on pts/0
[grid@19c1 ~]$ cd /soft
[grid@19c1 soft]$ ls -lrt
total 5809468
-rw-r--r--. 1 grid oinstall 2889184573 May 16 22:08 LINUX.X64_193000_grid_home.zip
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 oracle oinstall 3059705302 May 18 18:44 LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip
[grid@19c1 soft]$ unzip -q LINUX.X64_193000_grid_home.zip -d $ORACLE_HOME

3.2 安装CVU

[root@19c1 /]# export CVUQDISK_GRP=oinstall; 
[root@19c1 /]# rpm -ivh /u01/app/19.3/grid/cv/rpm/cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm
Preparing... ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
1:cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1 ################################# [100%]

把安装包复件到节点2

[root@19c1 /]# scp /u01/app/19.3/grid/cv/rpm/cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm 19c2:~ 
The authenticity of host '19c2 (10.13.13.142)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is 7f:1f:9a:0f:8b:d1:e0:17:32:08:12:73:d8:1d:9c:da.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '19c2,10.13.13.142' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
root@19c2's password: 
cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm

[root@19c2 ~]# export CVUQDISK_GRP=oinstall;
[root@19c2 ~]# rpm -ivh cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1.rpm 
Preparing... ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
1:cvuqdisk-1.0.10-1 ################################# [100%]

3.3 配置SSH信任
给grid用户进行配置

[root@19c1 /]# /u01/app/19.3/grid/oui/prov/resources/scripts/sshUserSetup.sh -user grid -hosts "19c1 19c2" -advanced exverify -confirm

[root@19c1 /]# /u01/app/19.3/grid/oui/prov/resources/scripts/sshUserSetup.sh -user oracle -hosts "19c1 19c2" -advanced exverify -confirm

[root@19c1 /]# su - grid
Last login: Mon May 18 19:03:39 CST 2020 on pts/0
[grid@19c1 ~]$ ssh 19c2 date
Mon May 18 19:07:27 CST 2020
[grid@19c1 ~]$ ssh 19c1 date
Mon May 18 19:07:36 CST 2020
[grid@19c1 ~]$ exit
logout
[root@19c1 /]# su - oracle
Last login: Mon May 18 18:17:25 CST 2020 on pts/0
[oracle@19c1 ~]$ ssh 19c2 date
Mon May 18 19:07:45 CST 2020
[oracle@19c1 ~]$ ssh 19c1 date
Mon May 18 19:07:51 CST 2020

[root@19c2 ~]# su - grid
Last login: Mon May 18 18:16:12 CST 2020 on pts/0
[grid@19c2 ~]$ ssh 19c1 date
Mon May 18 19:04:05 CST 2020
[grid@19c2 ~]$ ssh 19c2 date
Mon May 18 19:08:17 CST 2020
[grid@19c2 ~]$ exit
logout
[root@19c2 ~]# su - oracle
Last login: Mon May 18 18:19:20 CST 2020 on pts/0
[oracle@19c2 ~]$ ssh 19c1 date
Mon May 18 19:08:27 CST 2020
[oracle@19c2 ~]$ ssh 19c2 date
Mon May 18 19:08:31 CST 2020

3.4 安装前环境检查GI

[grid@19c1 ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n "19c1,19c2" -fixup -verbose

根据提示修复检查的问题
[root@19c1 /]# /u01/tmp/CVU_19.0.0.0.0_grid/runfixup.sh
All Fix-up operations were completed successfully.

[root@19c2 /]# /u01/tmp/CVU_19.0.0.0.0_grid/runfixup.sh
All Fix-up operations were completed successfully.

3.5开始安装Grid软件

[grid@19c1 ~]$ vi grid.rsp

oracle.install.responseFileVersion=/oracle/install/rspfmt_crsinstall_response_schema_v19.0.0
INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory
oracle.install.option=CRS_CONFIG
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid
oracle.install.asm.OSDBA=asmdba
oracle.install.asm.OSOPER=asmoper
oracle.install.asm.OSASM=asmadmin
oracle.install.crs.config.scanType=LOCAL_SCAN
oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.scanName=scan-19c
oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.scanPort=1521
oracle.install.crs.config.ClusterConfiguration=STANDALONE
oracle.install.crs.config.configureAsExtendedCluster=false
oracle.install.crs.config.clusterName=ora19c-cluster
oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.configureGNS=false
oracle.install.crs.config.autoConfigureClusterNodeVIP=false
oracle.install.crs.config.clusterNodes=19c1:19c1-vip,19c2:19c2-vip
oracle.install.crs.config.networkInterfaceList=ens192:10.10.10.0:5,ens160:10.13.13.0:1
oracle.install.crs.configureGIMR=false
oracle.install.asm.configureGIMRDataDG=false
oracle.install.crs.config.useIPMI=false
oracle.install.asm.storageOption=ASM
oracle.install.asmOnNAS.configureGIMRDataDG=false
oracle.install.asm.SYSASMPassword=xxzx7817600
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.name=OCR
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.redundancy=EXTERNAL
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.AUSize=4
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.disks=/dev/asmdisk01
oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.diskDiscoveryString=/dev/asm*
oracle.install.asm.configureAFD=false
oracle.install.asm.monitorPassword=xxzx7817600
oracle.install.crs.configureRHPS=false
oracle.install.crs.config.ignoreDownNodes=false
oracle.install.config.managementOption=NONE
oracle.install.config.omsPort=0
oracle.install.crs.rootconfig.executeRootScript=false


[grid@19c1 ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/gridSetup.sh -silent -force -noconfig -waitforcompletion -ignorePrereq -responseFile /home/grid/grid.rsp
Launching Oracle Grid Infrastructure Setup Wizard...

[WARNING] [INS-30011] The SYS password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
CAUSE: Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
ACTION: Provide a password that conforms to the Oracle recommended standards.
[WARNING] [INS-30011] The ASMSNMP password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
CAUSE: Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
ACTION: Provide a password that conforms to the Oracle recommended standards.
[WARNING] [INS-32047] The location (/u01/app/oraInventory) specified for the central inventory is not empty.
ACTION: It is recommended to provide an empty location for the inventory.
[WARNING] [INS-13013] Target environment does not meet some mandatory requirements.
CAUSE: Some of the mandatory prerequisites are not met. See logs for details. /u01/tmp/GridSetupActions2020-05-18_09-17-17PM/gridSetupActions2020-05-18_09-17-17PM.log
ACTION: Identify the list of failed prerequisite checks from the log: /u01/tmp/GridSetupActions2020-05-18_09-17-17PM/gridSetupActions2020-05-18_09-17-17PM.log. Then either from the log file or from installation manual find the appropriate configuration to meet the prerequisites and fix it manually.
The response file for this session can be found at:
/u01/app/19.3/grid/install/response/grid_2020-05-18_09-17-17PM.rsp

You can find the log of this install session at:
/u01/tmp/GridSetupActions2020-05-18_09-17-17PM/gridSetupActions2020-05-18_09-17-17PM.log

As a root user, execute the following script(s):
1. /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
2. /u01/app/19.3/grid/root.sh

Execute /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh on the following nodes: 
[19c1, 19c2]
Execute /u01/app/19.3/grid/root.sh on the following nodes: 
[19c1, 19c2]

Run the script on the local node first. After successful completion, you can start the script in parallel on all other nodes.

Successfully Setup Software with warning(s).
As install user, execute the following command to complete the configuration.
/u01/app/19.3/grid/gridSetup.sh -executeConfigTools -responseFile /home/grid/grid.rsp [-silent]


Moved the install session logs to:
/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/GridSetupActions2020-05-18_09-17-17PM

节点一 执行root脚本

[root@19c1 ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
Adding read,write permissions for group.
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
The execution of the script is complete.
[root@19c1 ~]# /u01/app/19.3/grid/root.sh
Check /u01/app/19.3/grid/install/root_19c1_2020-05-18_21-35-58-622023345.log for the output of root script

节点二 执行root脚本

[root@19c2 /]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
Adding read,write permissions for group.
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
The execution of the script is complete.
[root@19c2 /]# /u01/app/19.3/grid/root.sh
Check /u01/app/19.3/grid/install/root_19c2_2020-05-18_21-58-15-384301417.log for the output of root script

[grid@19c1 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name Target State Server State details 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.chad
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.net1.network
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.ons
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.19c1.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.19c2.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.OCR.dg(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.asm(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 Started,STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 Started,STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.cvu
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.qosmserver
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.6创建ASM磁盘组

[grid@19c1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Mon May 18 22:10:54 2020
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle. All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0

SQL> create diskgroup DATA external REDUNDANCY disk '/dev/asmdisk02' ATTRIBUTE 'au_size'='4M', 'compatible.rdbms' = '19.0', 'compatible.asm' = '19.0';

Diskgroup created.

节点二执行挂载

[grid@19c2 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Mon May 18 22:13:07 2020
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle. All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0

SQL> alter diskgroup data mount;

Diskgroup altered.

[grid@19c1 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name Target State Server State details 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.chad
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.net1.network
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.ons
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.19c1.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.19c2.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.DATA.dg(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.OCR.dg(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.asm(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 Started,STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 Started,STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.cvu
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.qosmserver
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

四·安装数据库软件
4.1 解压安装包

[oracle@19c1 ~]$ cd /soft
[oracle@19c1 soft]$ ls -lrt
total 5809468
-rw-r--r--. 1 grid oinstall 2889184573 May 16 22:08 LINUX.X64_193000_grid_home.zip
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 oracle oinstall 3059705302 May 18 18:44 LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip
[oracle@19c1 soft]$ unzip -q LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip -d $ORACLE_HOME



4.2安装前检查
[grid@19c1 ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/runcluvfy.sh stage -pre dbinst -n "19c1,19c2" -fixup -verbose

4.3编写响应文件

[oracle@19c1 ~]$ vi dbinstall.rsp
oracle.install.responseFileVersion=/oracle/install/rspfmt_dbinstall_response_schema_v19.0.0
oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall
INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db
oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE
oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSOPER_GROUP=oper
oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=backupdba
oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dgdba
oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=kmdba
oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=racdba
oracle.install.db.CLUSTER_NODES=19c1,19c2
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE

4.4执行安装

[oracle@19c1 ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/runInstaller -silent -force -noconfig -ignorePrereq -responseFile /home/oracle/dbinstall.rsp
Launching Oracle Database Setup Wizard...

[WARNING] [INS-13013] Target environment does not meet some mandatory requirements.
CAUSE: Some of the mandatory prerequisites are not met. See logs for details. /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/InstallActions2020-05-18_10-55-24PM/installActions2020-05-18_10-55-24PM.log
ACTION: Identify the list of failed prerequisite checks from the log: /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/InstallActions2020-05-18_10-55-24PM/installActions2020-05-18_10-55-24PM.log. Then either from the log file or from installation manual find the appropriate configuration to meet the prerequisites and fix it manually.
The response file for this session can be found at:
/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db/install/response/db_2020-05-18_10-55-24PM.rsp

You can find the log of this install session at:
/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/InstallActions2020-05-18_10-55-24PM/installActions2020-05-18_10-55-24PM.log

As a root user, execute the following script(s):
1. /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db/root.sh

Execute /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db/root.sh on the following nodes: 
[19c1, 19c2]


Successfully Setup Software with warning(s).

4.5执行root.sh脚本

[root@19c1 ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db/root.sh
Check /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db/install/root_19c1_2020-05-18_23-18-15-064687854.log for the output of root script
[root@19c1 ~]# cat /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db/install/root_19c1_2020-05-18_23-18-15-064687854.log
Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:
ORACLE_OWNER= oracle
ORACLE_HOME= /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db
Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

[root@19c2 /]# /u01/app/19.3/grid/root.sh
Check /u01/app/19.3/grid/install/root_19c2_2020-05-18_21-58-15-384301417.log for the output of root script
[root@19c2 /]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db/root.sh
Check /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db/install/root_19c2_2020-05-18_23-18-22-213501815.log for the output of root script
[root@19c2 /]# cat /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db/install/root_19c2_2020-05-18_23-18-22-213501815.log
Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:
ORACLE_OWNER= oracle
ORACLE_HOME= /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db
Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

五·创建数据库

[oracle@19c1 ~]$ vi dbca.rsp
responseFileVersion=/oracle/assistants/rspfmt_dbca_response_schema_v19.0.0
templateName=General_Purpose.dbc
gdbName=ora19c
sid=ora19c
databaseConfigType=RAC
responseFile=NO_VALUE
characterSet=ZHS16GBK
nationalCharacterSet=AL16UTF16
sysPassword=xxzx7817600
systemPassword=xxzx7817600
createAsContainerDatabase=true
numberOfPDBs=1
pdbName=ora19cpdb
useLocalUndoForPDBs=TRUE
pdbAdminPassword=xxzx7817600
databaseType=MULTIPURPOSE
automaticMemoryManagement=false
totalMemory=3072
redoLogFileSize=50
emConfiguration=NONE
nodelist=19c1,19c2
storageType=ASM
diskGroupName=+DATA
datafileDestination=+DATA
asmsnmpPassword=xxzx7817600
sampleSchema=TRUE

oracle@19c1 ~]$ dbca -silent -createDatabase -responseFile /home/oracle/dbca.rsp
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'SYS' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
CAUSE: 
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'SYSTEM' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
CAUSE: 
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'PDBADMIN' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
CAUSE: 
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
[FATAL] [DBT-09101] Target environment does not meet some mandatory requirements.
CAUSE: Some of the mandatory prerequisites are not met. See logs for details. /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/trace.log_2020-05-19_12-01-31AM
ACTION: Find the appropriate configuration from the log file or from the installation guide to meet the prerequisites and fix this manually.

查看错误日志可以看到因为操作系统内核版本过低等原因检查没有通过

INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: OS Kernel Version: This is a prerequisite condition to test whether the system kernel version is at least "4.1.12".


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: Severity:CRITICAL


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: OverallStatus:VERIFICATION_FAILED


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: *********************************************


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: Package: kmod-20-21 (x86_64): This is a prerequisite condition to test whether the package "kmod-20-21 (x86_64)" is available on the system.


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: Severity:IGNORABLE


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: OverallStatus:VERIFICATION_FAILED


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: *********************************************


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: Package: kmod-libs-20-21 (x86_64): This is a prerequisite condition to test whether the package "kmod-libs-20-21 (x86_64)" is available on the system.


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: Severity:IGNORABLE


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: OverallStatus:VERIFICATION_FAILED


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: *********************************************


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: Single Client Access Name (SCAN): This test verifies the Single Client Access Name configuration.


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: Severity:CRITICAL


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: OverallStatus:VERIFICATION_FAILED


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: *********************************************


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: DNS/NIS name service 'scan-19c': This test verifies that the Name Service lookups for the Distributed Name Server (DNS) and the Network Information Service (NIS) match for the SCAN name entries.


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: Severity:CRITICAL


INFO: May 19, 2020 12:09:27 AM oracle.install.commons.base.prereq.PrereqCheckerJob logTaskOverallResult
INFO: OverallStatus:VERIFICATION_FAILED

使用-ignorePreReqs忽略警告和错误再次执行

[oracle@19c1 ~]$ dbca -ignorePreReqs -silent -createDatabase -responseFile /home/oracle/dbca.rsp
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'SYS' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
CAUSE: 
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'SYSTEM' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
CAUSE: 
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'PDBADMIN' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
CAUSE: 
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
Prepare for db operation
7% complete
Copying database files
27% complete
Creating and starting Oracle instance
28% complete
31% complete
35% complete
37% complete
40% complete
Creating cluster database views
41% complete
53% complete
Completing Database Creation
57% complete
59% complete
60% complete
Creating Pluggable Databases
64% complete
80% complete
Executing Post Configuration Actions
100% complete
Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:
/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ora19c.
Database Information:
Global Database Name:ora19c
System Identifier(SID) Prefix:ora19c
Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ora19c/ora19c0.log" for further details.

[grid@19c2 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name Target State Server State details 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.chad
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.net1.network
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.ons
ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.19c1.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.19c2.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.DATA.dg(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.OCR.dg(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.asm(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 Started,STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 Started,STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork(ora.asmgroup)
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
3 OFFLINE OFFLINE STABLE
ora.cvu
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.ora19c.db
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 Open,HOME=/u01/app/o
racle/product/19.3/d
b,STABLE
2 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 Open,HOME=/u01/app/o
racle/product/19.3/d
b,STABLE
ora.qosmserver
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c2 STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
1 ONLINE ONLINE 19c1 STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

测试连接

[oracle@19c2 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Tue May 19 02:12:46 2020
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle. All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0


SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER BANNER_FULL BANNER_LEGACY CON_ID
------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------ -------------------------------------------------- ----------
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19. 0
Production Production 0.0.0.0 - Production

SQL> show pdbs;

CON_ID CON_NAME OPEN MODE RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY NO
3 ORA19CPDB READ WRITE NO

到此安装就完了.

Oracle Linux 7.1 silent install 19c

Oracle Linux 7.1 单机静默安装19C
一·操作环境
操作系统 Oracle Linux 7.1
数据库版本 Oracle Database 19.3
主机名 ora19c
IP:10.10.10.140
安装目录 /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db1
数据库名称 cs

二·操作环境准备
2.1 关闭防火墙

[root@ora19c ~]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@ora19c ~]# systemctl disable firewalld
rm '/etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service'
rm '/etc/systemd/system/basic.target.wants/firewalld.service'

2.2禁用NetworkManager服务

[root@ora19c ~]# systemctl stop NetworkManager
[root@ora19c ~]# systemctl disable NetworkManager
rm '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/NetworkManager.service'
rm '/etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.service'
rm '/etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.freedesktop.nm-dispatcher.service'

2.3禁用SELINUX

[root@ora19c ~]# setenforce 0
[root@ora19c ~]# sed -i "/^SELINUX=/s#enforcing#disabled#" /etc/selinux/config
[root@ora19c ~]# cat /etc/selinux/config

# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
#     enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
#     permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
#     disabled - No SELinux policy is loaded.
SELINUX=disabled
# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of three two values:
#     targeted - Targeted processes are protected,
#     minimum - Modification of targeted policy. Only selected processes are protected. 
#     mls - Multi Level Security protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted 

2.4配置hosts解析

[root@ora19c ~]# echo " 
> 10.138.130.140 ora19c " >> /etc/hosts
[root@ora19c ~]# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
 
10.138.130.140 ora19c 

2.6创建组和用户

[root@ora19c ~]# groupadd -g 54327 asmdba
[root@ora19c ~]# groupadd -g 54328 asmoper
[root@ora19c ~]# groupadd -g 54322 dba
[root@ora19c ~]# groupadd -g 54323 oper
[root@ora19c ~]# groupadd -g 54324 backupdba
[root@ora19c ~]# groupadd -g 54325 dgdba
[root@ora19c ~]# groupadd -g 54326 kmdba
[root@ora19c ~]# groupadd -g 54329 oinstall
[root@ora19c ~]# groupadd -g 54330 racdba

[root@ora19c ~]# useradd -u 54321 -g oinstall -G dba,asmdba,backupdba,dgdba,kmdba,racdba oracle
[root@ora19c ~]# passwd oracle
Changing password for user oracle.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

2.7创建安装目录

[root@ora19c ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory
[root@ora19c ~]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db1
[root@ora19c ~]# mkdir -p /u01/temp

[root@ora19c ~]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
[root@ora19c ~]# chmod -R 775 /u01

2.8配置用户环境变量

[oracle@ora19c ~]$ cat .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
        . ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

TEMP=/u01/temp
TMPDIR=/u01/temp
export TEMP TMPDIR
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=3.8.13
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
DB_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db1
export ORACLE_HOME=$DB_HOME
export ORACLE_SID=ora19c
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=ora19c
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib
export CLASSPATH
umask=022
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib 

2.9配置系统环境变量

[root@ora19c ~]# cat >> /etc/profile <  if [ \$USER = "oracle" ]; then  
>     if [ \$SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
>         ulimit -p 16384
>         ulimit -n 65536
>     else
>         ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
>     fi
> fi
> EOF

2.10修改系统内核参数

[root@ora19c ~]# cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf <  fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
> fs.file-max = 6815744
> kernel.shmall = 2097152
> kernel.shmmax = 42949672950
> kernel.shmmni = 4096
> kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
> net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
> net.core.rmem_default = 262144
> net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
> net.core.wmem_default = 262144
> net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
> EOF


[root@ora19c ~]# sysctl -p
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 42949672950
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576

2.11 配置LIMITS限制

[root@ora19c ~]# cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf <  oracle          soft    nproc           16384
> oracle          hard    nproc           16384
> oracle          soft    nofile          65536
> oracle          hard    nofile          65536
> oracle          soft    memlock         3145728
> oracle          hard    memlock         3145728
> EOF

2.12配置PAM
[root@ora19c ~]# cat >> /etc/pam.d/login < session required /lib64/security/pam_limits.so
> EOF

2.13安装依赖包
配置YUM源

[root@ora19c ~]# df -h
Filesystem           Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/ol-root   72G   11G   61G  16% /
devtmpfs             3.8G     0  3.8G   0% /dev
tmpfs                3.8G   84K  3.8G   1% /dev/shm
tmpfs                3.8G  8.9M  3.8G   1% /run
tmpfs                3.8G     0  3.8G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/sda1            497M  152M  346M  31% /boot
/dev/sr0             4.0G  4.0G     0 100% /run/media/root/OL-7.1 Server.x86_64
[root@ora19c ~]# mount /dev/sr0 /mnt/
mount: /dev/sr0 is write-protected, mounting read-only

[root@ora19c ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@ora19c yum.repos.d]# ls -lrt
total 4
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 2323 Feb 16  2015 public-yum-ol7.repo

[root@ora19c yum.repos.d]# cat >> /etc/yum.repos.d/local.repo <  [base]
> name=local
> baseurl=file:///mnt 
> gpgcheck=0
> enabled=1
> EOF

[root@ora19c yum.repos.d]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Cleaning repos: base
Cleaning up everything
[root@ora19c yum.repos.d]# yum makecache
Loaded plugins: langpacks
base                                                                                                                                                                                                                 | 3.6 kB  00:00:00     
(1/4): base/group_gz                                                                                                                                                                                                 | 134 kB  00:00:00     
(2/4): base/filelists_db                                                                                                                                                                                             | 3.4 MB  00:00:00     
(3/4): base/primary_db                                                                                                                                                                                               | 4.0 MB  00:00:00     
(4/4): base/other_db                                                                                                                                                                                                 | 1.3 MB  00:00:00     
Metadata Cache Created

安装依赖包

[root@ora19c yum.repos.d]# yum install -y bc binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libXrender libXrender-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools nfs-utils python  python-configshell  python-rtslib python-six targetcli smartmontools sysstat
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Package bc-1.06.95-13.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package binutils-2.23.52.0.1-30.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
No package compat-libstdc++ available. --后面要单独安装这个包
Package elfutils-libelf-0.160-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package glibc-devel-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libaio-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libX11-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXrender-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libstdc++-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libstdc++-devel-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libxcb-1.9-5.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:make-3.82-21.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:nfs-utils-1.3.0-0.8.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package python-2.7.5-16.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:python-configshell-1.1.fb14-1.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package python-rtslib-2.1.fb50-1.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package python-six-1.3.0-4.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package targetcli-2.1.fb37-3.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Package 1:smartmontools-6.2-4.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package sysstat-10.1.5-7.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package elfutils-libelf-devel.x86_64 0:0.160-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package fontconfig-devel.x86_64 0:2.10.95-7.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: freetype-devel >= 2.1.4 for package: fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(freetype2) for package: fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(expat) for package: fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64
---> Package ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-22.el7 will be installed
---> Package libXrender-devel.x86_64 0:0.9.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(renderproto) >= 0.9 for package: libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xproto) for package: libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(x11) for package: libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-12.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package expat-devel.x86_64 0:2.1.0-8.el7 will be installed
---> Package freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.4.11-9.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: zlib-devel for package: freetype-devel-2.4.11-9.el7.x86_64
---> Package libX11-devel.x86_64 0:1.6.0-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xcb) >= 1.1.92 for package: libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xcb) for package: libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package xorg-x11-proto-devel.noarch 0:7.7-8.el7.1 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libxcb-devel.x86_64 0:1.9-5.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(xau) >= 0.99.2 for package: libxcb-devel-1.9-5.el7.x86_64
---> Package zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-13.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libXau-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                                           Arch                                               Version                                                        Repository                                        Size
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 elfutils-libelf-devel                                             x86_64                                             0.160-1.el7                                                    base                                              34 k
 fontconfig-devel                                                  x86_64                                             2.10.95-7.el7                                                  base                                             127 k
 ksh                                                               x86_64                                             20120801-22.el7                                                base                                             879 k
 libXrender-devel                                                  x86_64                                             0.9.8-2.1.el7                                                  base                                              16 k
 libaio-devel                                                      x86_64                                             0.3.109-12.el7                                                 base                                              12 k
Installing for dependencies:
 expat-devel                                                       x86_64                                             2.1.0-8.el7                                                    base                                              56 k
 freetype-devel                                                    x86_64                                             2.4.11-9.el7                                                   base                                             354 k
 libX11-devel                                                      x86_64                                             1.6.0-2.1.el7                                                  base                                             978 k
 libXau-devel                                                      x86_64                                             1.0.8-2.1.el7                                                  base                                              14 k
 libxcb-devel                                                      x86_64                                             1.9-5.el7                                                      base                                             1.0 M
 xorg-x11-proto-devel                                              noarch                                             7.7-8.el7.1                                                    base                                             280 k
 zlib-devel                                                        x86_64                                             1.2.7-13.el7                                                   base                                              49 k

Transaction Summary
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Install  5 Packages (+7 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 3.7 M
Installed size: 12 M
Downloading packages:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                       9.3 MB/s | 3.7 MB  00:00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.7-8.el7.1.noarch                                                                                                                                                                                 1/12 
  Installing : libXau-devel-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                       2/12 
  Installing : libxcb-devel-1.9-5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                           3/12 
  Installing : libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                       4/12 
  Installing : expat-devel-2.1.0-8.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          5/12 
  Installing : zlib-devel-1.2.7-13.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          6/12 
  Installing : freetype-devel-2.4.11-9.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      7/12 
  Installing : fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   8/12 
  Installing : libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   9/12 
  Installing : libaio-devel-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     10/12 
  Installing : elfutils-libelf-devel-0.160-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                               11/12 
  Installing : ksh-20120801-22.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                             12/12 
  Verifying  : ksh-20120801-22.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                              1/12 
  Verifying  : libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                   2/12 
  Verifying  : zlib-devel-1.2.7-13.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          3/12 
  Verifying  : libxcb-devel-1.9-5.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                           4/12 
  Verifying  : libX11-devel-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                       5/12 
  Verifying  : expat-devel-2.1.0-8.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                          6/12 
  Verifying  : xorg-x11-proto-devel-7.7-8.el7.1.noarch                                                                                                                                                                                 7/12 
  Verifying  : elfutils-libelf-devel-0.160-1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                8/12 
  Verifying  : libaio-devel-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      9/12 
  Verifying  : fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                  10/12 
  Verifying  : freetype-devel-2.4.11-9.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                     11/12 
  Verifying  : libXau-devel-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                      12/12 

Installed:
  elfutils-libelf-devel.x86_64 0:0.160-1.el7          fontconfig-devel.x86_64 0:2.10.95-7.el7          ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-22.el7          libXrender-devel.x86_64 0:0.9.8-2.1.el7          libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-12.el7         

Dependency Installed:
  expat-devel.x86_64 0:2.1.0-8.el7    freetype-devel.x86_64 0:2.4.11-9.el7    libX11-devel.x86_64 0:1.6.0-2.1.el7    libXau-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7    libxcb-devel.x86_64 0:1.9-5.el7    xorg-x11-proto-devel.noarch 0:7.7-8.el7.1   
  zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-13.el7   

Complete!

安装compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686.rpm,因为名字带有版本信息

[root@ora19c yum.repos.d]# yum install  compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-72.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libm.so.6 for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GLIBC_2.0) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GCC_3.3) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1(GCC_3.0) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libgcc_s.so.1 for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.3) for package: compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686
--> Running transaction check
---> Package glibc.i686 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so(NSSRAWHASH_3.12.3) for package: glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so for package: glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686
---> Package libgcc.i686 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.16.2.3-9.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                                          Arch                                              Version                                                         Repository                                         Size
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 compat-libstdc++-33                                              i686                                              3.2.3-72.el7                                                    base                                              196 k
Installing for dependencies:
 glibc                                                            i686                                              2.17-78.0.1.el7                                                 base                                              4.2 M
 libgcc                                                           i686                                              4.8.3-9.el7                                                     base                                               99 k
 nss-softokn-freebl                                               i686                                              3.16.2.3-9.el7                                                  base                                              186 k

Transaction Summary
============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package (+3 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 4.6 M
Installed size: 16 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                                                                                                                        44 MB/s | 4.6 MB  00:00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.i686                                                                                                                                                                                                  1/4 
  Installing : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-9.el7.i686                                                                                                                                                                                   2/4 
  Installing : glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686                                                                                                                                                                                               3/4 
  Installing : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686                                                                                                                                                                                    4/4 
  Verifying  : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686                                                                                                                                                                                    1/4 
  Verifying  : glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.i686                                                                                                                                                                                               2/4 
  Verifying  : libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.i686                                                                                                                                                                                                  3/4 
  Verifying  : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-9.el7.i686                                                                                                                                                                                   4/4 

Installed:
  compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-72.el7                                                                                                                                                                                                   

Dependency Installed:
  glibc.i686 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7                                               libgcc.i686 0:4.8.3-9.el7                                               nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.16.2.3-9.el7                                              

Complete!

检查已安装依赖包

[root@ora19c yum.repos.d]# rpm -q --qf '%{NAME}-%{VERSION}-%{RELEASE} (%{ARCH})\n' bc binutils compat-libcap1 compat-libstdc++ elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel fontconfig-devel glibc glibc-devel ksh libaio libaio-devel libX11 libXau libXi libXtst libXrender libXrender-devel libgcc libstdc++ libstdc++-devel libxcb make net-tools nfs-utils python  python-configshell  python-rtslib python-six targetcli smartmontools sysstat
bc-1.06.95-13.el7 (x86_64)
binutils-2.23.52.0.1-30.el7 (x86_64)
compat-libcap1-1.10-7.el7 (x86_64)
package compat-libstdc++ is not installed --只要安装了这个报错没有关系。
elfutils-libelf-0.160-1.el7 (x86_64)
elfutils-libelf-devel-0.160-1.el7 (x86_64)
fontconfig-devel-2.10.95-7.el7 (x86_64)
glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7 (x86_64)
glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7 (i686)
glibc-devel-2.17-78.0.1.el7 (x86_64)
ksh-20120801-22.el7 (x86_64)
libaio-0.3.109-12.el7 (x86_64)
libaio-devel-0.3.109-12.el7 (x86_64)
libX11-1.6.0-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXrender-0.9.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libXrender-devel-0.9.8-2.1.el7 (x86_64)
libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7 (x86_64)
libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7 (i686)
libstdc++-4.8.3-9.el7 (x86_64)
libstdc++-devel-4.8.3-9.el7 (x86_64)
libxcb-1.9-5.el7 (x86_64)
make-3.82-21.el7 (x86_64)
net-tools-2.0-0.17.20131004git.el7 (x86_64)
nfs-utils-1.3.0-0.8.el7 (x86_64)
python-2.7.5-16.el7 (x86_64)
python-configshell-1.1.fb14-1.el7 (noarch)
python-rtslib-2.1.fb50-1.el7 (noarch)
python-six-1.3.0-4.el7 (noarch)
targetcli-2.1.fb37-3.el7 (noarch)
smartmontools-6.2-4.el7 (x86_64)
sysstat-10.1.5-7.el7 (x86_64)

三·安装软件
3.1 解压数据库软件

[root@ora19c soft]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /soft
[root@ora19c soft]# chmod -R 775 /soft
[root@ora19c soft]# su - oracle
Last login: Sun May 17 08:09:29 CST 2020 on pts/0

[oracle@ora19c soft]$ unzip -q LINUX.X64_193000_db_home.zip  -d $ORACLE_HOME
replace /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db1/.patch_storage/29517242_Apr_17_2019_23_27_10/original_patch/README.txt? [y]es, [n]o, [A]ll, [N]one, [r]ename: A
[oracle@ora19c soft]$ du -sh $ORACLE_HOME
6.5G    /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db1

3.2安装数据库软件
配置响应文件

[oracle@ora19c ~]$ vi 19c_dbinstall.rsp
oracle.install.responseFileVersion=/oracle/install/rspfmt_dbinstall_response_schema_v19.0.0
oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall
INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db1
oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE
oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba
oracle.install.db.OSOPER_GROUP=oper
oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=backupdba
oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dgdba
oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=kmdba
oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=racdba
oracle.install.db.rootconfig.executeRootScript=true
oracle.install.db.rootconfig.configMethod=ROOT

执行安装

[oracle@ora19c ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/runInstaller -silent  -force -noconfig  -ignorePrereq  -responseFile /home/oracle/19c_dbinstall.rsp
Launching Oracle Database Setup Wizard...


 Enter password for 'root' user:  --输入root用户密码用于自动执行root.sh脚本
[WARNING] [INS-13013] Target environment does not meet some mandatory requirements.
   CAUSE: Some of the mandatory prerequisites are not met. See logs for details. /u01/temp/InstallActions2020-05-17_09-19-02AM/installActions2020-05-17_09-19-02AM.log
   ACTION: Identify the list of failed prerequisite checks from the log: /u01/temp/InstallActions2020-05-17_09-19-02AM/installActions2020-05-17_09-19-02AM.log. Then either from the log file or from installation manual find the appropriate configuration to meet the prerequisites and fix it manually.
The response file for this session can be found at:
 /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db1/install/response/db_2020-05-17_09-19-02AM.rsp

You can find the log of this install session at:
 /u01/temp/InstallActions2020-05-17_09-19-02AM/installActions2020-05-17_09-19-02AM.log
Successfully Setup Software with warning(s).
Moved the install session logs to:
 /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/InstallActions2020-05-17_09-19-02AM

四·配置监听
创建配置监听的响应文件

[oracle@ora19c ~]$ vi 19c_netca.rsp
[GENERAL]
RESPONSEFILE_VERSION="19.3"
CREATE_TYPE="CUSTOM"
[Session]
TOPLEVEL_COMPONENT={"oracle.net.ca","19.3"}
[oracle.net.ca]
INSTALLED_COMPONENTS={"server","net8","javavm"}
INSTALL_TYPE=""typical""
LISTENER_NUMBER=1
LISTENER_NAMES={"LISTENER"}
LISTENER_PROTOCOLS={"TCP;1521"}
LISTENER_START=""LISTENER""
NAMING_METHODS={"TNSNAMES","ONAMES","HOSTNAME"}
NSN_NUMBER=1
NSN_NAMES={"EXTPROC_CONNECTION_DATA"}
NSN_SERVICE={"PLSExtProc"}
NSN_PROTOCOLS={"TCP;HOSTNAME;1521"}

配置监听

[oracle@ora19c ~]$ netca /silent /responsefile /home/oracle/19c_netca.rsp

Parsing command line arguments:
    Parameter "silent" = true
    Parameter "responsefile" = /home/oracle/19c_netca.rsp
Done parsing command line arguments.
Oracle Net Services Configuration:
Profile configuration complete.
Oracle Net Listener Startup:
    Running Listener Control: 
      /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db1/bin/lsnrctl start LISTENER
    Listener Control complete.
    Listener started successfully.
Listener configuration complete.
Oracle Net Services configuration successful. The exit code is 0

五·创建数据库
创建配置数据库的响应文件

[oracle@ora19c ~]$ vi 19c_dbca.rsp
responseFileVersion=/oracle/assistants/rspfmt_dbca_response_schema_v19.0.0
templateName=General_Purpose.dbc
gdbName=ora19c
sid=ora19c
databaseConfigType=SI
createAsContainerDatabase=TRUE
numberOfPDBs=1
pdbName=ora19c1
useLocalUndoForPDBs=TRUE
pdbAdminPassword=xxzx7817600
sysPassword=xxzx7817600
systemPassword=xxzx7817600
datafileDestination='/u01/app/oracle/oradata'
recoveryAreaDestination='/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area'
storageType=FS
characterSet=ZHS16GBK
nationalCharacterSet=AL16UTF16
listeners="LISTENER"
sampleSchema=TRUE
totalMemory 2048
databaseType=MULTIPURPOSE
automaticMemoryManagement=TRUE
totalMemory=4096

创建数据库

[oracle@ora19c ~]$ dbca -silent  -createDatabase -responseFile /home/oracle/19c_dbca.rsp
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'SYS' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
   CAUSE: 
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
   ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'SYSTEM' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
   CAUSE: 
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
   ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
[WARNING] [DBT-06208] The 'PDBADMIN' password entered does not conform to the Oracle recommended standards.
   CAUSE: 
a. Oracle recommends that the password entered should be at least 8 characters in length, contain at least 1 uppercase character, 1 lower case character and 1 digit [0-9].
b.The password entered is a keyword that Oracle does not recommend to be used as password
   ACTION: Specify a strong password. If required refer Oracle documentation for guidelines.
Prepare for db operation
8% complete
Copying database files
31% complete
Creating and starting Oracle instance
32% complete
36% complete
40% complete
43% complete
46% complete
Completing Database Creation
51% complete
53% complete
54% complete
Creating Pluggable Databases
58% complete
77% complete
Executing Post Configuration Actions
100% complete
Database creation complete. For details check the logfiles at:
 /u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ora19c.
Database Information:
Global Database Name:ora19c
System Identifier(SID):ora19c
Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ora19c/ora19c.log" for further details.

六·检查监听状态验证数据库是否被自动注册

[oracle@ora19c ORA19C]$ lsnrctl status

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on 18-MAY-2020 08:21:51

Copyright (c) 1991, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=ora19c)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Start Date                17-MAY-2020 20:21:29
Uptime                    0 days 12 hr. 0 min. 23 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3/db1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/ora19c/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=ora19c)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "86b637b62fdf7a65e053f706e80a27ca" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "ora19c", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "a5d933ae541261b5e0538c828a0a1480" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "ora19c", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "ora19c" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "ora19c", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "ora19c1" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "ora19c", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "ora19cXDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "ora19c", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully
[oracle@ora19c ORA19C]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Mon May 18 08:22:30 2020
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 19c Enterprise Edition Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 19.3.0.0.0

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 ORA19C1                        READ WRITE NO

到此,19c静默安装已经完成。

Linux Use ODBC Connect Oracle

因为工作需要,需要使用ODBC访问Oracle,下面是ODBC访问Oracle的具体配置
1.下载unixODBC和Oracle简易客户端软件包
1.1下载地址:

http://www.unixodbc.org/

1.1.1下载文件:

unixODBC-2.3.0.tar.gz

2 Oracle ODBC Driver
2.1下载地址:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/linuxx86-64soft-092277.html

2.1.1下载文件:

instantclient-sqlplus-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
instantclient-basic-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
instantclient-sdk-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
instantclient-jdbc-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
instantclient-odbc-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0-2.zip
instantclient-basiclite-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
instantclient-tools-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip

将这些软件包上传到/soft目录

3.安装unixODBC(root用户)

#cd /soft
#tar xvf unixODBC-2.3.0.tar.gz
#cd /soft/unixODBC-2.3.0
#./configure
#make
#make install

(默认是被安装到/usr/local)

4.安装Oracle ODBC(root用户)

#cd /soft/
#unzip instantclient-sqlplus-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
#unzip instantclient-basic-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
#unzip instantclient-sdk-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
#unzip instantclient-jdbc-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
#unzip instantclient-odbc-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0-2.zip
#unzip instantclient-basiclite-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
#unzip instantclient-tools-linux.x64-12.2.0.1.0.zip
[root@dmks instantclient_12_2]# ./odbc_update_ini.sh /usr/local
 *** ODBCINI environment variable not set,defaulting it to HOME directory!

更新操作完成后,会在/usr/local/etc/odbcinst.ini增加Oracle12C的驱动描述信息。

[root@dmks etc]# cat odbcinst.ini
[DM7 ODBC DRIVER]
Description = ODBC DRIVER FOR DM7
Driver = /dm_home/dmdbms/bin/libdodbc.so


[Oracle 12c ODBC driver]
Description     = Oracle ODBC driver for Oracle 12c
Driver          = /soft/instantclient_12_2/libsqora.so.12.1
Setup           =
FileUsage       =
CPTimeout       =
CPReuse         =

并且会在HOME目录下也就是/root,生成.odbc.ini文件,修改.odbc.ini文件

[root@dmks ~]# cat .odbc.ini
[OracleODBC-12c]
Application Attributes = T
Attributes = W
BatchAutocommitMode = IfAllSuccessful
BindAsFLOAT = F
CloseCursor = F
DisableDPM = F
DisableMTS = T
Driver = Oracle 12c ODBC driver
DSN = OracleODBC-12c
EXECSchemaOpt =
EXECSyntax = T
Failover = T
FailoverDelay = 10
FailoverRetryCount = 10
FetchBufferSize = 64000
ForceWCHAR = F
Lobs = T
Longs = T
MaxLargeData = 0
MetadataIdDefault = F
QueryTimeout = T
ResultSets = T
ServerName = shardcat 与tnsnames.ora文件中的服务器一致
SQLGetData extensions = F
Translation DLL =
Translation Option = 0
DisableRULEHint = T
UserID =
StatementCache=F
CacheBufferSize=20
UseOCIDescribeAny=F
SQLTranslateErrors=F
MaxTokenSize=8192
AggregateSQLType=FLOAT
5.测试ODBC连接Oracle
[root@dmks ~]# isql  OracleODBC-12c system xxzx7817600 -v
+---------------------------------------+
| Connected!                            |
|                                       |
| sql-statement                         |
| help [tablename]                      |
| quit                                  |
|                                       |
+---------------------------------------+
SQL> select * from v$version;
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------+
| BANNER                                                                          | CON_ID                                  |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------+
| Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production    | 0                                       |
| PL/SQL Release 12.2.0.1.0 - Production                                          | 0                                       |
| CORE  12.2.0.1.0      Production                                                      | 0                                       
| TNS for Linux: Version 12.2.0.1.0 - Production                                  | 0                                       |
| NLSRTL Version 12.2.0.1.0 - Production                                          | 0                                       |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------+

到此使用odbc连接Oracle的操作完成,还是很简单的。

18C RAC DBCA建库时找不到ASM磁盘

在Oracle Linux 7.1中使用dbca为Oracle 18C RAC创建数据库时,找不到ASM磁盘组;而grid用户使用asmca却又能看到ASM磁盘组。

解决方法
1. 检查创建ASM磁盘设备的权限,正确的权限为grid:asmadmin,通过下面输出可知权限正确

[root@18c1 ~]# ls -lrt /dev/asm*
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 Mar 16 22:28 /dev/asmdisk01
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 Mar 17 08:40 /dev/asmdisk02

[root@18c2 ~]# ls -lrt /dev/asm*
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 Mar 17 08:41 /dev/asmdisk02
brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 Mar 17 08:41 /dev/asmdisk01

2.检查ASM实例是否启动

[grid@18c1 ~]$ asmcmd lsdg
State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Logical_Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512             512   4096  4194304     61440    35868                0           35868              0             Y  CRS/
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512             512   4096  4194304     40960    36036                0           36036              0             N  DATA/

[grid@18c2 ~]$ asmcmd lsdg
State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Logical_Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512             512   4096  4194304     61440    35868                0           35868              0             Y  CRS/
MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512             512   4096  4194304     40960    36036                0           36036              0             N  DATA/

3. 检查GRID_HOME/bin下oracle是否有s权限,如果没有需要添加s权限,通过下面的输出可知GRID_HOME/bin目录下的oracle是没有s权限的,这里需要添加

[root@18c1 ~]# ls -lrt /u01/app/oracle/18.0.0/db/bin/oracle
-rwsr-s--x 1 oracle asmadmin 437038067 Mar 16 23:00 /u01/app/oracle/18.0.0/db/bin/oracle
[root@18c1 ~]# ls -lrt /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle
-rwxr-x--x. 1 grid oinstall 413877125 Mar 16 19:10 /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle
[root@18c2 /]# ls -lrt /u01/app/oracle/18.0.0/db/bin/oracle
-rwsr-s--x 1 oracle oinstall 437038067 Mar 16 23:07 /u01/app/oracle/18.0.0/db/bin/oracle
[root@18c2 /]# ls -lrt /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle
-rwxr-x--x. 1 grid oinstall 413877125 Mar 16 19:30 /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle

[root@18c1 ~]# chmod +s /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle
[root@18c1 ~]# ls -lrt /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle
-rwsr-s--x. 1 grid oinstall 413877125 Mar 16 19:10 /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle

[root@18c2 /]# chmod +s /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle
[root@18c2 /]# ls -lrt /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle
-rwsr-s--x. 1 grid oinstall 413877125 Mar 16 19:30 /u01/app/18.0.0/grid/bin/oracle

4.检查用户所有组

[root@18c1 ~]# id oracle
uid=1001(oracle) gid=1011(oinstall) groups=1007(asmdba),1009(dba),1010(oper),1012(backupdba),1013(dgdba),1014(kmdba),1015(racdba),1011(oinstall)
[root@18c1 ~]# id grid
uid=1002(grid) gid=1011(oinstall) groups=1006(asmadmin),1007(asmdba),1008(asmoper),1009(dba),1011(oinstall)
[root@18c1 ~]# gpasswd -a oracle asmadmin
Adding user oracle to group asmadmin
[root@18c1 ~]# id oracle
uid=1001(oracle) gid=1011(oinstall) groups=1006(asmadmin),1007(asmdba),1009(dba),1010(oper),1012(backupdba),1013(dgdba),1014(kmdba),1015(racdba),1011(oinstall)

[root@18c2 /]# id oracle
uid=1001(oracle) gid=1011(oinstall) groups=1007(asmdba),1009(dba),1010(oper),1012(backupdba),1013(dgdba),1014(kmdba),1015(racdba),1011(oinstall)
[root@18c2 /]# id grid
uid=1002(grid) gid=1011(oinstall) groups=1006(asmadmin),1007(asmdba),1008(asmoper),1009(dba),1011(oinstall)
[root@18c2 /]# gpasswd -a oracle asmadmin
Adding user oracle to group asmadmin
[root@18c2 /]# id oracle
uid=1001(oracle) gid=1011(oinstall) groups=1006(asmadmin),1007(asmdba),1009(dba),1010(oper),1012(backupdba),1013(dgdba),1014(kmdba),1015(racdba),1011(oinstall)

再执行dbca创建数据库时能正确找到磁盘组

Oracle Linux 7.1 Install Oracle 19C RAC

安装环境为Oracle Linux 7.1,Oracle版本为19C,下面是RAC环境的IP配置

ip地址          主机名                   类型     解析方式 
10.10.10.190  19c1                    public   DNS或etc/hosts 
10.10.10.191  19c2                    public   DNS或etc/hosts 
88.88.88.1    19c1-priv               private  DNS或etc/hosts 
88.88.88.2    19c2-priv               private  DNS或etc/hosts 
10.10.10.192  19c1-vip                virtual  DNS或etc/hosts 
10.10.10.193  19c2-vip                virtual  DNS或etc/hosts
10.10.10.194  hy-scan                 scan     DNS或etc/hosts
10.10.10.195  hy-scan                 scan     DNS或etc/hosts
10.10.10.196  hy-scan                 scan     DNS或etc/hosts

[root@19c1 /]# vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

10.10.10.190 19c1
10.10.10.191 19c2
88.88.88.1 19c1-priv
88.88.88.2 19c2-priv
10.10.10.192 19c1-vip
10.10.10.193 19c2-vip

10.10.10.194 hy-scan
10.10.10.195 hy-scan
10.10.10.196 hy-scan


[root@19c2 /]# vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
10.10.10.190 19c1
10.10.10.191 19c2
88.88.88.1 19c1-priv
88.88.88.2 19c2-priv
10.10.10.192 19c1-vip
10.10.10.193 19c2-vip

10.10.10.194 hy-scan
10.10.10.195 hy-scan
10.10.10.196 hy-scan

创建用户组

[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1006 asmadmin
[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1007 asmdba
[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1008 asmoper
[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1009 dba
[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1010 oper
[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1011 oinstall
[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1012 backupdba
[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1013 dgdba
[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1014 kmdba
[root@19c1 /]# groupadd -g 1015 racdba

[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1006 asmadmin
[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1007 asmdba
[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1008 asmoper
[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1009 dba
[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1010 oper
[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1011 oinstall
[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1012 backupdba
[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1013 dgdba
[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1014 kmdba
[root@19c2 /]# groupadd -g 1015 racdba

创建用户

[root@19c1 /]# useradd  -u 1001 -g oinstall -G dba,asmdba,backupdba,dgdba,kmdba,racdba,oper,asmadmin oracle
[root@19c1 /]# useradd  -u 1002 -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,dba grid


[root@19c2 /]# useradd  -u 1001 -g oinstall -G dba,asmdba,backupdba,dgdba,kmdba,racdba,oper,asmadmin oracle
[root@19c2 /]# useradd  -u 1002 -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,dba grid

[root@19c1 /]# passwd grid
Changing password for user grid.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

[root@19c1 /]# passwd oracle
Changing password for user grid.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

[root@19c2 /]# passwd grid
Changing password for user grid.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

[root@19c2 /]# passwd oracle
Changing password for user grid.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

配置ASM所需磁盘,编辑/etc/udev/rules.d/99-my-asmdevices.rules配置文件

[root@19c1 /]# cd /etc/udev/rules.d/
[root@19c1 rules.d]# ls -lrt
总用量 4
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 709 3月   6 2015 70-persistent-ipoib.rules
[root@19c1 rules.d]# vi 99-my-asmdevices.rules
KERNEL=="sd*[!0-9]", ENV{DEVTYPE}=="disk", SUBSYSTEM=="block",  PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d $devnode",  RESULT=="36000c29e40b943ae6772ffb254910685", RUN+="/bin/sh -c 'mknod /dev/asmdisk01 b  $major $minor; chown grid:asmadmin /dev/asmdisk01; chmod 0660 /dev/asmdisk01'"

KERNEL=="sd*[!0-9]", ENV{DEVTYPE}=="disk", SUBSYSTEM=="block",  PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d $devnode",  RESULT=="36000c29a2bcbd0e7f1843df54da0baa6", RUN+="/bin/sh -c 'mknod /dev/asmdisk02 b  $major $minor; chown grid:asmadmin /dev/asmdisk02; chmod 0660 /dev/asmdisk02'"


[root@19c2 rules.d]# vi 99-my-asmdevices.rules
KERNEL=="sd*[!0-9]", ENV{DEVTYPE}=="disk", SUBSYSTEM=="block",  PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d $devnode",  RESULT=="36000c29e40b943ae6772ffb254910685", RUN+="/bin/sh -c 'mknod /dev/asmdisk01 b  $major $minor; chown grid:asmadmin /dev/asmdisk01; chmod 0660 /dev/asmdisk01'"

KERNEL=="sd*[!0-9]", ENV{DEVTYPE}=="disk", SUBSYSTEM=="block",  PROGRAM=="/usr/lib/udev/scsi_id -g -u -d $devnode",  RESULT=="36000c29a2bcbd0e7f1843df54da0baa6", RUN+="/bin/sh -c 'mknod /dev/asmdisk02 b  $major $minor; chown grid:asmadmin /dev/asmdisk02; chmod 0660 /dev/asmdisk02'" 

[root@19c1 rules.d]# /sbin/udevadm trigger --type=devices --action=change 
[root@19c2 rules.d]# /sbin/udevadm trigger --type=devices --action=change

[root@19c1 rules.d]#  ls -lrt /dev/asm*
brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 3月  16 19:16 /dev/asmdisk02
brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 3月  16 19:16 /dev/asmdisk01


[root@19c2 rules.d]#  ls -lrt /dev/asm*
brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 32 Mar 16 19:15 /dev/asmdisk02
brw-rw----. 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 Mar 16 19:15 /dev/asmdisk01


以root用户创建“Oracle inventory 目录”

[root@19c1 /]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory
[root@19c2 /]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory

以root用户创建“Grid Infrastructure BASE 目录”

[root@19c1 /]#  mkdir -p /u01/app/grid
[root@19c2 /]#  mkdir -p /u01/app/grid

以root用户创建“Grid Infrastructure Home 目录”

[root@19c1 /]# mkdir -p /u01/app/19.0.0/grid
[root@19c2 /]# mkdir -p /u01/app/19.0.0/grid
[root@19c1 /]# chown -R grid:oinstall /u01
[root@19c1 /]# chmod -R 775 /u01
[root@19c2 /]# chown -R grid:oinstall /u01
[root@19c2 /]# chmod -R 775 /u01

以root用户创建“Oracle Base 目录”

[root@19c1 /]#  mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle
[root@19c2 /]#  mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

以root用户创建“Oracle RDBMS Home 目录”

[root@19c1 /]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/19.0.0/db
[root@19c2 /]# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/19.0.0/db
[root@19c1 /]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle
[root@19c1 /]# chmod -R 775 /u01/app/oracle
[root@19c2 /]# chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle
[root@19c2 /]# chmod -R 775 /u01/app/oracle

创建一个tmp目录

[root@19c1 /]#  mkdir /u01/tmp
[root@19c1 /]# chmod a+wr /u01/tmp

[root@19c2 /]#  mkdir /u01/tmp
[root@19c2 /]# chmod a+wr /u01/tmp

设置环境变量

[grid@19c1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
        . ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

TEMP=/u01/tmp
TMPDIR=/u01/tmp
export TEMP TMPDIR
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=3.8.13
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/19.0.0/grid
export ORACLE_SID=+ASM1
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib
export CLASSPATH
umask=022 

[grid@19c2 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
        . ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

TEMP=/u01/tmp
TMPDIR=/u01/tmp
export TEMP TMPDIR
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=3.8.13
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/19.0.0/grid
export ORACLE_SID=+ASM2
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib
export CLASSPATH
umask=022


[root@19c1 /]# su - oracle
[oracle@19c1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
        . ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

TEMP=/u01/tmp
TMPDIR=/u01/tmp
export TEMP TMPDIR
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=3.8.13
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/19.0.0/db
export ORACLE_SID=hy1
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=hy
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib
export CLASSPATH
umask=022

[root@19c2 /]# su - oracle
-bash: /home/oracle: 是一个目录
[oracle@19c2 ~]$ vi .bash_profile
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
        . ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin

export PATH

TEMP=/u01/tmp
TMPDIR=/u01/tmp
export TEMP TMPDIR
export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=3.8.13
export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/19.0.0/db
export ORACLE_SID=hy2
export ORACLE_UNQNAME=hy
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
export ORA_NLS33=$ORACLE_HOME/ocommon/nls/admin/data
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib
CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib
export CLASSPATH
umask=022

修改内核参数编辑/etc/sysctl.conf文件

[root@19c1 /]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf
# System default settings live in /usr/lib/sysctl.d/00-system.conf.
# To override those settings, enter new settings here, or in an /etc/sysctl.d/.conf file
#
# For more information, see sysctl.conf(5) and sysctl.d(5).

fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 4294967295
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 16384 4194304

[root@19c1 /]# sysctl -p
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 4294967295
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 16384 4194304

[root@19c2 /]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf
# System default settings live in /usr/lib/sysctl.d/00-system.conf.
# To override those settings, enter new settings here, or in an /etc/sysctl.d/.conf file
#
# For more information, see sysctl.conf(5) and sysctl.d(5).

fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 4294967295
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 16384 4194304

[root@19c2 /]# sysctl -p
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 4294967295
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048576
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 16384 4194304

修改oarcle参数的shell限制,在所有节点的/etc/security/limits.conf文件中添加以下参数

grid soft nproc 2047
grid hard nproc 16384
grid soft nofile 1024
grid hard nofile 65536
grid soft stack 10240
grid hard stack 32768
grid soft memlock 3145728
grid hard memlock 3145728

oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536
oracle soft stack 10240
oracle hard stack 32768
oracle soft memlock 3145728
oracle hard memlock 3145728

修改shell的默认参数文件,在所有节点的/etc/profile文件中添加以下内容

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
fi


if [ $USER = "grid" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
fi

对C shell(csh or tcsh) 在所有节点的/etc/csh.login文件中增加以下代码

if ( $USER == "oracle" ) then
limit maxproc 16384
limit descriptors 65536
endif

if ( $USER == "grid" ) then
limit maxproc 16384
limit descriptors 65536
endif

解压GI安装压缩包:

[grid@jytest1 soft]cd /soft/
[grid@19c1 soft]$ unzip Oracle_Database_Grid_Infrastructure_19_2_0_0_0_for_Linux_x86-64.zip -d /u01/app/19.0.0/grid/

这里使用xshell与xmanager来执行安装

[root@19c1 ~]# xhost +
access control disabled, clients can connect from any host
[root@19c1 ~]# su - grid
??′ε??£o? 3? 16 19:55:59 CST 2020pts/0 ?
[grid@19c1 ~]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME
[grid@19c1 grid]$ export DISPLAY=10.138.130.242:0.0
[grid@19c1 grid]$ ./gridSetup.sh
 




















以root用户分别在两个节点上执行以下脚本,先在主节点执行。

[[root@19c1 /]# ./u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
Adding read,write permissions for group.
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
The execution of the script is complete.

[root@19c2 /]# ./u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
Adding read,write permissions for group.
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
The execution of the script is complete.

[root@19c1 /]# ./u01/app/19.0.0/grid/root.sh
Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/19.0.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...


Creating /etc/oratab file...
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Relinking oracle with rac_on option
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/19.0.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
The log of current session can be found at:
  /u01/app/grid/crsdata/19c1/crsconfig/rootcrs_19c1_2020-03-16_10-18-52PM.log
2020/03/16 22:19:07 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 1 of 19: 'SetupTFA'.
2020/03/16 22:19:08 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 2 of 19: 'ValidateEnv'.
2020/03/16 22:19:08 CLSRSC-363: User ignored prerequisites during installation
2020/03/16 22:19:08 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 3 of 19: 'CheckFirstNode'.
2020/03/16 22:19:11 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 4 of 19: 'GenSiteGUIDs'.
2020/03/16 22:19:13 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 5 of 19: 'SetupOSD'.
2020/03/16 22:19:13 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 6 of 19: 'CheckCRSConfig'.
2020/03/16 22:19:13 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 7 of 19: 'SetupLocalGPNP'.
2020/03/16 22:19:44 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 8 of 19: 'CreateRootCert'.
2020/03/16 22:19:45 CLSRSC-4002: Successfully installed Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) Collector.
2020/03/16 22:19:51 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 9 of 19: 'ConfigOLR'.
2020/03/16 22:20:06 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 10 of 19: 'ConfigCHMOS'.
2020/03/16 22:20:06 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 11 of 19: 'CreateOHASD'.
2020/03/16 22:20:15 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 12 of 19: 'ConfigOHASD'.
2020/03/16 22:20:16 CLSRSC-330: Adding Clusterware entries to file 'oracle-ohasd.service'
2020/03/16 22:20:46 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 13 of 19: 'InstallAFD'.
2020/03/16 22:20:56 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 14 of 19: 'InstallACFS'.
2020/03/16 22:21:06 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 15 of 19: 'InstallKA'.
2020/03/16 22:21:16 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 16 of 19: 'InitConfig'.

ASM has been created and started successfully.

[DBT-30001] Disk groups created successfully. Check /u01/app/grid/cfgtoollogs/asmca/asmca-200316PM102150.log for details.

2020/03/16 22:22:41 CLSRSC-482: Running command: '/u01/app/19.0.0/grid/bin/ocrconfig -upgrade grid oinstall'
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
Successful addition of voting disk dda88fad4f094f1cbf686f6a903d8f9c.
Successfully replaced voting disk group with +CRS.
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced
##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group
--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------
 1. ONLINE   dda88fad4f094f1cbf686f6a903d8f9c (/dev/asmdisk01) [CRS]
Located 1 voting disk(s).
2020/03/16 22:24:13 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 17 of 19: 'StartCluster'.
2020/03/16 22:25:23 CLSRSC-343: Successfully started Oracle Clusterware stack
2020/03/16 22:25:23 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 18 of 19: 'ConfigNode'.
2020/03/16 22:27:29 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 19 of 19: 'PostConfig'.
2020/03/16 22:28:06 CLSRSC-325: Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded

[root@19c2 /]# ./u01/app/19.0.0/grid/root.sh
Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/19.0.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...


Creating /etc/oratab file...
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Relinking oracle with rac_on option
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/19.0.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
The log of current session can be found at:
  /u01/app/grid/crsdata/19c2/crsconfig/rootcrs_19c2_2020-03-16_10-28-54PM.log
2020/03/16 22:29:03 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 1 of 19: 'SetupTFA'.
2020/03/16 22:29:03 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 2 of 19: 'ValidateEnv'.
2020/03/16 22:29:03 CLSRSC-363: User ignored prerequisites during installation
2020/03/16 22:29:03 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 3 of 19: 'CheckFirstNode'.
2020/03/16 22:29:05 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 4 of 19: 'GenSiteGUIDs'.
2020/03/16 22:29:05 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 5 of 19: 'SetupOSD'.
2020/03/16 22:29:05 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 6 of 19: 'CheckCRSConfig'.
2020/03/16 22:29:06 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 7 of 19: 'SetupLocalGPNP'.
2020/03/16 22:29:08 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 8 of 19: 'CreateRootCert'.
2020/03/16 22:29:09 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 9 of 19: 'ConfigOLR'.
2020/03/16 22:29:13 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 10 of 19: 'ConfigCHMOS'.
2020/03/16 22:29:13 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 11 of 19: 'CreateOHASD'.
2020/03/16 22:29:17 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 12 of 19: 'ConfigOHASD'.
2020/03/16 22:29:17 CLSRSC-330: Adding Clusterware entries to file 'oracle-ohasd.service'
2020/03/16 22:29:36 CLSRSC-4002: Successfully installed Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) Collector.
2020/03/16 22:29:44 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 13 of 19: 'InstallAFD'.
2020/03/16 22:29:47 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 14 of 19: 'InstallACFS'.
2020/03/16 22:29:50 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 15 of 19: 'InstallKA'.
2020/03/16 22:29:52 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 16 of 19: 'InitConfig'.
2020/03/16 22:30:02 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 17 of 19: 'StartCluster'.
2020/03/16 22:31:34 CLSRSC-343: Successfully started Oracle Clusterware stack
2020/03/16 22:31:34 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 18 of 19: 'ConfigNode'.
2020/03/16 22:31:57 CLSRSC-594: Executing installation step 19 of 19: 'PostConfig'.
2020/03/16 22:32:06 CLSRSC-325: Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded



检查集群信息

[grid@19c1 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
ora.chad
               ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.19c1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
ora.19c2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.CRS.dg(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
ora.asm(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     Started,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     Started,STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.asmnet1.asmnetwork(ora.asmgroup)
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
ora.qosmserver
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c2                     STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       19c1                     STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------




[oracle@19c1 db]$ cd /soft
[oracle@19c1 soft]$ unzip -q Oracle_Database_19_2_0_0_0_for_Linux_x86-64.zip -d /u01/app/oracle/19.0.0/db

[root@19c1 ~]# xhost +
access control disabled, clients can connect from any host
[root@19c1 ~]# su – oracle
Last login: Mon Mar 16 22:51:15 CST 2020 on pts/3
[oracle@19c1 ~]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME
[oracle@19c1 db]$ export DISPLAY=10.138.130.242:0.0
[oracle@19c1 db]$ ./runInstaller











以 root用户在所有节点上执行以下脚本,先在主节点执行

[root@19c1 /]# ./u01/app/oracle/19.0.0/db/root.sh
Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= oracle
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/oracle/19.0.0/db

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
The contents of "dbhome" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "oraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "coraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

[root@19c2 /]# ./u01/app/oracle/19.0.0/db/root.sh
Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= oracle
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/oracle/19.0.0/db

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
The contents of "dbhome" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "oraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "coraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.


创建磁盘组

[root@19c1 ~]# su - grid
Last login: Tue Mar 17 10:30:57 CST 2020
[grid@19c1 ~]$ export DISPLAY=10.138.130.242:0.0
[grid@19c1 ~]$ asmca



创建数据库hy

[root@19c1 ~]# xhost +
access control disabled, clients can connect from any host
[root@19c1 ~]# su - oracle
Last login: Mon Mar 16 23:09:23 CST 2020
[oracle@19c1 ~]$ export DISPLAY=10.138.130.242:0.0
[oracle@19c1 ~]$ dbca
 
















检查集群信息

[grid@jytest1 ~]$ crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name           Target  State        Server                   State details       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.ASMNET1LSNR_ASM.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.CRS.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.TEST.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.chad
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
               ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.proxy_advm
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      jytest1                  STABLE
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      jytest2                  STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
ora.MGMTLSNR
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  169.254.123.145 88.8
                                                             8.88.1,STABLE
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  Started,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  Started,STABLE
      3        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               STABLE
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
ora.jy.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  Open,HOME=/u01/app/o
                                                             racle/product/12.2.0
                                                             /db,STABLE
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  Open,HOME=/u01/app/o
                                                             racle/product/12.2.0
                                                             /db,STABLE
ora.jytest1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
ora.jytest2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.mgmtdb
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  Open,STABLE
ora.qosmserver
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest2                  STABLE
ora.scan2.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
ora.scan3.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       jytest1                  STABLE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

到此19C RAC for Oracle Linux 7.1的安装完成!

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