oracle跨版本与平台执行传输表空间

将aix(10.2.0.4)平台上的源数据库中的tspitr表空间传到linux(11.2.0.4)平台,并在源主机上使用目录/yb_oradata/transport来存储被转换的数据文件。操作步骤如下:
1.将要被传输的表空间tspitr设置为只读

SQL> alter tablespace tspitr read only;

Tablespace altered.

SQL> select tablespace_name,status from dba_tablespaces where tablespace_name='TSPITR';
TABLESPACE_NAME                STATUS
------------------------------ ---------
TSPITR                         READ ONLY

2.检查源平台与目标平台信息看是滞支持传输操作,数据库所支持的平台信息如下:

SQL> select platform_name,endian_format from v$transportable_platform;
PLATFORM_NAME                                                                    ENDIAN_FORMAT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------
Solaris[tm] OE (32-bit)                                                          Big
Solaris[tm] OE (64-bit)                                                          Big
Microsoft Windows IA (32-bit)                                                    Little
Linux IA (32-bit)                                                                Little
AIX-Based Systems (64-bit)                                                       Big
HP-UX (64-bit)                                                                   Big
HP Tru64 UNIX                                                                    Little
HP-UX IA (64-bit)                                                                Big
Linux IA (64-bit)                                                                Little
HP Open VMS                                                                      Little
Microsoft Windows IA (64-bit)                                                    Little
IBM zSeries Based Linux                                                          Big
Linux x86 64-bit                                                                 Little
Apple Mac OS                                                                     Big
Microsoft Windows x86 64-bit                                                     Little
Solaris Operating System (x86)                                                   Little
IBM Power Based Linux                                                            Big
Solaris Operating System (x86-64)                                                Little
HP IA Open VMS                                                                   Little

源平台:

SQL> select d.platform_name,endian_format from v$transportable_platform tp,v$database d where tp.platform_name=d.platform_name;
PLATFORM_NAME                                                                    ENDIAN_FORMAT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------
AIX-Based Systems (64-bit)                                                       Big

目标平台:

SQL> select d.platform_name,endian_format from v$transportable_platform tp,v$database d where tp.platform_name=d.platform_name;

PLATFORM_NAME                                                                                         ENDIAN_FORMAT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------
Linux x86 64-bit                                                                                      Little

3.确认要被传输的表空间是否是自包含表空间(TSPITR):

SQL> exec sys.dbms_tts.transport_set_check('TSPITR',true);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select * from sys.transport_set_violations;

no rows selected

没有记录,表示该表空间只包含表数据,可以传输。

4.记录表空间传输前表tspitr中的记录:

SQL> select count(*) from tspitr.tspitr;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     50315

5.使用RMAN将源数据库中的表空间tspitrt转换为目标平台字节序格式,使用format参数来控制被转换后数据文件的文件名和存储目录.

[IBMP740-1:oracle:/yb_oradata/transport]$export NLS_DATE_FORMAT='yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss'
[IBMP740-1:oracle:/yb_oradata/transport]$rman target/

Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on Mon Oct 24 17:07:59 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: RLZY (DBID=1589671076)

RMAN> convert tablespace "TSPITR" to platform 'Linux x86 64-bit'  format ='/yb_oradata/transport/%U';

Starting backup at 2016-10-24 17:09:31
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=1265 devtype=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
input datafile fno=00021 name=/yb_oradata/transport_after/TSPITR01.DBF
converted datafile=/yb_oradata/transport/data_D-RLZY_I-1589671076_TS-TSPITR_FNO-21_orrj67ic
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
Finished backup at 2016-10-24 17:09:35

[IBMP740-1:oracle:/yb_oradata/transport]$ls -lrt
total 102416
-rw-r-----    1 oracle   dba        52436992 Oct 24 17:09 data_D-RLZY_I-1589671076_TS-TSPITR_FNO-21_orrj67ic

6.使用导出工具创建传输表空间元数据dump文件

SQL> create or replace directory test_dump as '/yb_oradata/transport';

Directory created.

SQL> grant read,write on directory test_dump to public;

Grant succeeded.

-rw-r-----    1 oracle   dba        52436992 Oct 24 17:09 data_D-RLZY_I-1589671076_TS-TSPITR_FNO-21_orrj67ic
[IBMP740-1:oracle:/yb_oradata/transport]$ expdp \'sys/admin_7817600@RLZY as sysdba\' directory=test_dump dumpfile=tspitr.dmp logfile=tspitr.log 

transport_tablespaces=TSPITR                                                       < Export: Release 10.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production on Monday, 24 October, 2016 17:12:42

Copyright (c) 2003, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Starting "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01":  'sys/********@RLZY AS SYSDBA' directory=test_dump dumpfile=tspitr.dmp logfile=tspitr.log transport_tablespaces=TSPITR 
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/PLUGTS_BLK
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE_STATISTICS
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/POST_INSTANCE/PLUGTS_BLK
Master table "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
******************************************************************************
Dump file set for SYS.SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01 is:
  /yb_oradata/transport/tspitr.dmp
Job "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully completed at 17:13:41

导出除表之外的用户tspitr中的其它对象的元数据

[IBMP740-1:oracle:/yb_oradata/transport]$expdp tspitr/tspitr directory=test_dump dumpfile=tspitr_metadata_only.dmp logfile=tspitr_metadata_only.log content=metadata_only exclude=table                                         

Export: Release 10.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production on Monday, 24 October, 2016 17:45:22

Copyright (c) 2003, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Starting "TSPITR"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01":  tspitr/******** directory=test_dump dumpfile=tspitr_metadata_only.dmp logfile=tspitr_metadata_only.log content=metadata_only 

exclude=table 
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/SYSTEM_GRANT
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/DEFAULT_ROLE
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/PRE_SCHEMA/PROCACT_SCHEMA
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/VIEW/VIEW
Master table "TSPITR"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
******************************************************************************
Dump file set for TSPITR.SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01 is:
  /yb_oradata/transport/tspitr_metadata_only.dmp
Job "TSPITR"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully completed at 17:45:25

7.将转换后存储在/u02/transport目录中的数据文件与导出的元数据文件,传输到目标主机的目录/home/transport中

SQL> create or replace directory test_dump as '/home/transport';

Directory created.

SQL> grant read,write on directory test_dump to public;

Grant succeeded.


[oracle@sjjh transport]$ ftp 10.138.129.3
Connected to 10.138.129.3.
220 IBMP740-1 FTP server (Version 4.2 Mon Nov 28 14:12:02 CST 2011) ready.
502 authentication type cannot be set to GSSAPI
Name (10.138.129.3:oracle): oracle
331 Password required for oracle.
Password:
230-Last unsuccessful login: Mon Dec  1 16:07:13 BEIST 2014 on ftp from ::ffff:10.138.135.235
230-Last login: Mon Oct 24 14:51:18 BEIST 2016 on /dev/pts/0 from 10.138.133.203
230 User oracle logged in.
Remote system type is UNIX.
Using binary mode to transfer files.
ftp> cd /yb_oradata/transport
250 CWD command successful.
ftp> lcd /home/transport
Local directory now /home/transport
ftp> bin
200 Type set to I.
ftp> get data_D-RLZY_I-1589671076_TS-TSPITR_FNO-21_orrj67ic
local: data_D-RLZY_I-1589671076_TS-TSPITR_FNO-21_orrj67ic remote: data_D-RLZY_I-1589671076_TS-TSPITR_FNO-21_orrj67ic
227 Entering Passive Mode (10,138,129,3,215,220)
150 Opening data connection for data_D-RLZY_I-1589671076_TS-TSPITR_FNO-21_orrj67ic (52436992 bytes).
226 Transfer complete.
52436992 bytes received in 0.5 seconds (1e+05 Kbytes/s)
ftp> get tspitr.dmp
local: tspitr.dmp remote: tspitr.dmp
227 Entering Passive Mode (10,138,129,3,215,222)
150 Opening data connection for tspitr.dmp (86016 bytes).
226 Transfer complete.
86016 bytes received in 0.0028 seconds (3e+04 Kbytes/s)

ftp> get tspitr_metadata_only.dmp
local: tspitr_metadata_only.dmp remote: tspitr_metadata_only.dmp
227 Entering Passive Mode (10,138,129,3,217,16)
150 Opening data connection for tspitr_metadata_only.dmp (147456 bytes).
226 Transfer complete.
147456 bytes received in 0.0036 seconds (4e+04 Kbytes/s)

8.将要被传输的表空间附加到目标数据库中

SQL> create user tspitr identified by "tspitr";

User created.

SQL> grant dba,connect,resource to tspitr;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> select username,default_tablespace,temporary_tablespace from dba_users where username='TSPITR';
USERNAME                       DEFAULT_TABLESPACE             TEMPORARY_TABLESPACE
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
TSPITR                         USERS                          TEMP

[oracle@sjjh transport]$ impdp \'sys/xxzx7817600@SJJH as sysdba\' directory=test_dump dumpfile=tspitr.dmp transport_datafiles=/home/transport/data_D-RLZY_I-

1589671076_TS-TSPITR_FNO-21_orrj67ic

Import: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Mon Oct 24 17:22:29 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Master table "SYS"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
Starting "SYS"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01":  "sys/********@SJJH AS SYSDBA" directory=test_dump dumpfile=tspitr.dmp transport_datafiles=/home/transport/data_D-

RLZY_I-1589671076_TS-TSPITR_FNO-21_orrj67ic 
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/PLUGTS_BLK
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE_STATISTICS
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/POST_INSTANCE/PLUGTS_BLK
Job "SYS"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully completed at Mon Oct 24 17:22:37 2016 elapsed 0 00:00:04

导入用户tspitr下其它对象的元数据:

SQL> select tablespace_name,status from dba_tablespaces where tablespace_name='TSPITR';

TABLESPACE_NAME                STATUS
------------------------------ ---------
TSPITR                         READ ONLY

SQL> alter tablespace tspitr read write;

Tablespace altered.

[oracle@sjjh transport]$ impdp tspitr/tspitr directory=test_dump dumpfile=tspitr_metadata_only.dmp

Import: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Mon Oct 24 17:47:38 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Master table "TSPITR"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
Starting "TSPITR"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01":  tspitr/******** directory=test_dump dumpfile=tspitr_metadata_only.dmp 
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER
ORA-31684: Object type USER:"TSPITR" already exists
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/SYSTEM_GRANT
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/DEFAULT_ROLE
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/PRE_SCHEMA/PROCACT_SCHEMA
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/VIEW/VIEW
Job "TSPITR"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" completed with 1 error(s) at Mon Oct 24 17:47:40 2016 elapsed 0 00:00:01

SQL> select owner,view_name,text from dba_views where owner='TSPITR';
OWNER                          VIEW_NAME                      TEXT
------------------------------ ------------------------------ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TSPITR                         TSPITR_VIEW                    select "OWNER","OBJECT_NAME","SUBOBJECT_NAME","OBJECT_ID","DATA_OBJECT_ID","OBJE

查询tspitr表中的记录,与源数据库中的记录数一致。

SQL> select count(*) from tspitr.tspitr;
  COUNT(*)
----------
     50315

现在用户tspitr的缺省表空间不是tspitr

SQL> select username,default_tablespace,temporary_tablespace from dba_users where username='TSPITR';
USERNAME                       DEFAULT_TABLESPACE             TEMPORARY_TABLESPACE
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
TSPITR                         USERS                          TEMP

将用户tspitr的缺省表空间修改为tspitr

SQL> alter user tspitr default tablespace tspitr;
User altered


SQL> select username,default_tablespace,temporary_tablespace from dba_users where username='TSPITR';
USERNAME                       DEFAULT_TABLESPACE             TEMPORARY_TABLESPACE
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
TSPITR                         TSPITR                         TEMP

SQL> select count(*) from tspitr.tspitr;
  COUNT(*)
----------
     50315

现在表tspitr的存储表空间也变为tspitr

SQL> select owner,table_name,tablespace_name from dba_tables where table_name='TSPITR';
OWNER                          TABLE_NAME                     TABLESPACE_NAME
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
TSPITR                         TSPITR                         TSPITR

9.将源数据库中的tspitr表空间修改为读写模式

SQL> alter tablespace tspitr read write;

Tablespace altered.

SQL> select tablespace_name,status from dba_tablespaces where tablespace_name='TSPITR';
TABLESPACE_NAME                STATUS
------------------------------ ---------
TSPITR                         ONLINE

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